Die 12 Apostel und ihre Eigenschaften
Studying The 12 Apostles and their Characteristics made us understand that irrespective of the apostles’ character, these men became the pioneering leaders of the New Testament church, but they were not without faults and shortcomings.
Interestingly, not one of the chosen apostles was a scholar or rabbi.
- The leading Apostles and their Characteristics
But God chose them for a purpose — to fan the flames of the gospel that would spread across the face of the earth and continue to burn bright throughout centuries to follow.
God selected and used each of these regular guys to carry out his exceptional plan.
The twelve disciples were, according to Christianity, ordinary men who followed the teachings of Jesus Christ.
After witnessing His crucifixion and His resurrection, and His ascension, these men were sent out to spread the word of Christianity and be witness to the work of God.
The leading Apostles and their Characteristics
The characteristics of Peter are transparent and easily analyzed. He appears to have been the leader of the apostles on every occasion. He is named first in every list of them and was their common spokesman. Peter was known for being bold, confident, courageous, frank, impulsive, energetic, vigorous, strong, loving, and faithful to his Master despite his defection before the crucifixion.
He was indeed liable to change, and inconsistency prevailed at times. Because of his peculiar temperament, Peter sometimes appeared forward and rash. Yet, his virtues and faults had their common root in his enthusiastic disposition.
Das war Peters Make-up, seine Natur und seine Persönlichkeitsmerkmale. Peter war kein Schwindler. Manchmal war er jedoch der Typ Mensch, der nicht nachdachte, bevor er handelte. Er hatte den stärksten Charakter in der Gruppe und diente den Jüngern häufig als Sprecher. Er war ihr anerkannter Anführer.
Andrew was not the greatest of the apostles, yet he is typical of those men of open-minded understanding and sounds common sense without whom the success of any great movement cannot be assured. Void of the boldness and ruggedness of Peter’s character, to which only a few can aspire, Andrew had that feature which makes him a pattern within reach of all – a simple, earnest determination in carrying out the dictates of his convictions.
Another feature in Andrew was his eagerness to win souls in private to Jesus. Andrew was not a powerful public speaker. He was a low-keyed individual who was very trustworthy.
While we admire Peter as the foremost Apostle through whom 3,000 were added to the church on the day of Pentecost, let us not forget that without Andrew, “Simon” would never have become “Peter.” So, well-known was his love for souls that when certain Greeks desired to see Jesus, Andrew was the person to whom Philip brought them.
The next Apostle we will look at is James, the son of Zebedee and the older brother of John. From the time, he has ordained an apostle, James occupied a prominent place among the apostles and, along with Peter and John, became the special confidant of Jesus. These three apostles alone were present at the raising of Jairus’ daughter (LUK 8:51), at the Transfiguration (MAT 17:1-8), and at the Agony in the Garden of Gethsemane, MAT 26:36-46.
Shortly after the Transfiguration, when Jesus was determined to go to Jerusalem, in LUK 9:51, they were passing through Samaria, the fury of James and John was kindled by the unkind reception given to our Lord by the crowd,
Es war wahrscheinlich für diese Art von hitzköpfiger Unbesonnenheit und Fanatismus, dass ihnen der Nachname „Boanerges“, was „Söhne des Donners“ bedeutet, verliehen wurde, als sie am 3. März zu den Zwölf ordiniert wurden. Beachten Sie jedoch, dass es eine Entschuldigung für ihre Aktion gab.
Der Eindruck, den die Verklärung hinterlassen hatte, war noch immer sehr stark bei ihnen. Sie waren der festen Überzeugung, dass ihr Herr, den sie gerade „in seiner Herrlichkeit“ mit „verändertem Antlitz“ und „glänzenden Gewändern“ gesehen hatten, von den Samaritern nicht solchen Demütigungen ausgesetzt werden sollte.
John was the kind of man who could profit by the rebuke of Jesus. John’s passionate disposition was held in check and under control, and he was allowed to vent only on occasions when it was permissible and even necessary.
In John’s gospel writings, note the intensity that he had displayed, but directed only against those who refused to believe in and acknowledge Jesus as the Christ.
John also held an intimate connection with the Lord. He was a young man of fiery zeal and a tendency toward intolerance and exclusiveness, evident in his desire to call down fire upon the Samaritan village.
His tendency toward exclusiveness is manifested in his mother’s request as to the place her sons were to occupy in the kingdom – the highest positions.
Along with Andrew and other fellow townsmen, Philip had journeyed to Bethany to hear the teaching of John the Baptist, and there he received his first call from Christ.
This is strengthened by the fact that he acted as the spokesman of the Greeks at the Passover. Of a weaker mold than Andrew, he was the one whom the Greeks would first appeal to when seeking answers from the Lord. Philip was very interested, asked probing questions, and sympathized and understood the doubts and difficulties that the Greeks had.
While Andrew was practical, strong-minded, and naturally the type of man to win the impulsive, head-strong Peter, the slower Philip, versed in the Scriptures, appealed more to the critical Nathanael and the cultured Greeks. Philip was very cautious, deliberate, and desirous of submitting all truth to the test of sensual experience.
One of the first characteristics of Apostle Bartholomew or Nathaniel was what appeared to be a prejudice in him, as when he says,
“Can any good thing come out of Nazareth?”
Dies soll nicht verurteilen oder urteilen, sondern lediglich versuchen, Ihnen ein Bild davon zu geben, wie er sowohl im natürlichen als auch im spirituellen Bereich war.
Nathanael or Bartholomew appears to be a calm, retiring, behind-the-scenes type whom a man may not recognize, but God does.
According to tradition, he was crucified upside down after being flayed alive.
There is no further reference to him in the New Testament.
Thomas, as many of you know, was known as the doubter in the group. When he said, “Let us also go, that we may die with Him,” this was not a statement of courage but one of pessimism.
Thomas tended to stress the unfavorable or take the gloomiest possible view of things. On the night before our Lord’s death, Thomas asked that famous question.
He is typical of many individuals who have certain conflicting principles difficult to reconcile.
He was the type of individual who seemed to have difficulty recovering quickly from setbacks, and he was inclined to look upon life with the eyes of gloom or despair.
However, he still was a man of courage and entire unselfishness. With his perplexed faith in the teaching of Jesus, there was mingled a sincere love for Jesus, the teacher.
Matthew is called “Matthew” in the first gospel, while in the second and third gospels, he is called “Levi.” Then in the book of Acts, he is once again called Matthew.
Als Zöllner wurde Matthäus von den Juden besonders gehasst, weil sie die Zöllner für böse, böse Männer hielten.
Whether he had more to repent of than his neighbors, we cannot tell. He indeed belonged to a class of men, many of whom were truly guilty of fraud and extortion, but Matthew may have been an exception.
We can only say this, if he had been covetous, the spirit of greed was now gone.
If he had ever been guilty of oppressing the poor, he now despised such work. He had grown weary of collecting revenue from a reluctant population and was glad to follow one who had come to take burdens off instead of laying them on, to release from debts instead of collection from them with severity.
James is generally identified with James the Little or the Less, the brother of Joseph and son of Mary, MAT 27:56; MAR 15:40. In each list of the apostles, he is mentioned in the ninth position.
He is said to be the brother of Jude, JUD 1:1.
We know very little of his background except that some teach that he was known for his quietness and humility.
Perhaps the type of individual who doesn’t stand out in a crowd but is always faithful.
Judas, surnamed Thaddeus, was also called Judas the Zealot and was a very enthusiastic and intense individual, MAT 10:3. The only incident recorded of Judas is in JOH 14:22, where during Christ’s address to the disciples after the last supper he put the question, JOH 14:22-25 “Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him,
'Herr, was ist dann passiert, dass Du Dich uns und nicht der Welt offenbaren wirst?'
Jesus answered and said to him, ‘If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him, and make Our abode with him. He who does not love Me does not keep My words, and the word you hear is not Mine, but the Fathers who sent Me.
These things I have spoken to you while abiding with you.'”
Er scheint ein Anhänger gewesen zu sein, der sich in seinen Herrn verlieben musste.
Simon is called the Zealot and the Canaanite to distinguish him from Simon Peter. He was an ex-member of a fanatical Jewish sect called the Zealots.
Members of this group were passionate opponents of Roman rule in Palestine. As a Zealot, Simon hated any foreign domination or interference.
The Zealots were also known for their fierce advocacy of the Mosaic rituals. He was strong-willed, and once he made up his mind, he was the type of individual to go all the way with what he believed.
He was not a leader but a tremendous strong-willed follower. Simon received his call to the apostleship and Andrew and Peter, the sons of Zebedee, Thaddaeus, and Judas Iscariot at the Sea of Tiberius, MAT 4:18-22.
Although Simon, like most of the apostles, was probably a Galilean, the designation “Canaanite” is regarded as political rather than geographical significance.
Interestingly, Judas Iscariot is always identified as such – Judas Iscariot. Judas was from Kerioth, which means he was near Hebron at birth, and being reared there, he is the only non-Galilean that Jesus chose.
He was the only one from Judea and probably the sharpest of the twelve – that’s why he was treasurer. However, don’t be impressed by the sharpest of a group.
Don’t always think that the brightest is the best of the bunch. What you should pay attention to is character and attitude – not intellectual ability only.
Our Lord does not grade according to SATs; He looks at the heart.
One of Judas’ characteristics proves He did not care about the poor. He was a hard-hearted man, too concerned with feathering his own nest while others, less fortunate, suffered around him.
He was a thief, stealing funds from the Lord’s treasury, which exposes that Judas was full of avarice or greed. Judas was not in tune with Jesus and rejected the Lord’s message.
What you want to pay attention to in this characteristics of the 12 apostles and attitude, not intellectual ability only. What did these men have except one? They were available, they were flexible, they were teachable, and they were dependable. With these four traits, the character can be built.
Sie hatten nicht viel intellektuelles Vermögen, außer wahrscheinlich bei Judas Iskariot, aber sie hatten die Dinge, aus denen Charakter aufgebaut werden konnte. Sie waren auch Galiläer. Galiläer waren leicht zu erkennen, wenn sie sprachen. Aus diesem Grund war es für das Dienstmädchen während des Prozesses gegen Jesus ein Leichtes, Simon Petrus als einen der Jünger Jesu zu entdecken.