Heiliger Andreas

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St. Andreas

Nach dem Neuen Testament war der Apostel Andreas, auch bekannt als der heilige Andreas, ein Jünger Jesu. He is the brother of Saint Peter and was part of the inner circle of Jesus Christ.

In der orthodoxen Tradition wird er als Erstberufener bezeichnet. The Patriarch of Constantinople is the apostolic successor to Saint Andrew.

Andrew was born in the early first century in the village of Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee, according to the New Testament. He was a fisherman. His name means “strong,” and he was bekannt für seine soziale Kompetenz.

Nach dem Matthäusevangelium ging Jesus am Ufer des Sees Genezareth entlang, als er Andreas und Simon Petrus beim Fischen bemerkte.

Dann bat er sie, Jünger und „Menschenfischer“ zu sein.

Andrew is not named in the Gospel of Luke at first. It describes Jesus using a boat, thought to be solely Simon’s, to preach to the multitudes and catch a large amount of fish on a previously dry night. Later, in Luke 5:7, it is mentioned that Simon was not the only Fischer auf dem Boot, but it is not mentioned until Luke 6:14 that Andrew is Simon Peter’s brother.

Birth/Early Life

Es gibt ein paarAndreas der Apostel Fakten that you should know for instance that Andrew was born between the years of 5 and 10 in Bethsaida, Palestine’s main fishing port. His parents’ names were Jona and Joanna, and he had a brother called Simon.

Jona war Fischer, zusammen mit seinem Geschäftspartner und Freund Zebedee und seinen Söhnen James und John.

Im Alter von fünf Jahren hätte er die Synagogenschule besucht, wo er Schrift, Astronomie und Arithmetik studiert hätte.

Life With Jesus

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Andrew the Apostle

Der Apostel Andreas, dessen Name „männlich“ bedeutet, war der erste Apostel Jesu Christi. Er war zuvor ein Jünger von Johannes dem Täufer gewesen, aber als Johannes Jesus zum „Lamm Gottes“ erklärte, folgte Andreas ihm und verbrachte einen Tag mit ihm.

Andrew went straight to his brother Simon and told him, “We have found the Messiah.” (John 1:41) He accompanied Simon to meet Jesus.

Laut Matthäus ließen Simon und Andreas ihre Fischernetze fallen und folgten Jesus im Vorbeigehen.

Drei Episoden mit dem Apostel Andreas sind in den Evangelien aufgezeichnet.

He and three other disciples questioned Jesus about his prediction that the Temple would be demolished (Mark 13:3-4).

Andrew brought a boy to Jesus with two fish and five barley loaves, which he multiplied to feed 5,000 people (John 6:8-13).

DieApostel Philippus and Andrew brought some Greeks who wanted to meet Jesus to him (John 12:20-22).

Obwohl es in der Bibel nicht erwähnt wird, behauptet die Kirchentradition, dass Andreas als Märtyrer an einem X-förmigen Kreuz gekreuzigt wurde.

Reflection

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Andrew

The Gospels tell us very little about Andrew’s holiness, as they do about all of the apostles except Peter and John. He was a preacher.

Das ist ausreichend.

Jesus forderte ihn persönlich auf, die Frohe Botschaft zu verkünden, mit der Kraft Jesu zu heilen und sein Leben und seinen Tod zu teilen.

Die Heiligkeit von heute ist nicht anders. Es ist ein Geschenk, das den Ruf beinhaltet, sich um das Königreich zu kümmern, eine nach außen gerichtete Haltung, die nichts mehr wünscht, als den Reichtum Christi mit allen Menschen zu teilen.

Viele Katholiken praktizieren die St.-Andreas-Novene, auch bekannt als St.-Andreas-Weihnachtsnovene, bei der von seinem Festtag am 30. November bis Weihnachten 15 Mal täglich ein bestimmtes Gebet gesprochen wird.

Liturgical Calendar

Das liturgische Jahr im römisch-katholischen Kalender beginnt mit dem Advent, und der erste Adventssonntag ist immer der Sonntag, der dem Fest des Heiligen Andreas am nächsten liegt.

Though Advent can begin as late as December 3, Saint Andrew’s feast (November 30) is traditionally listed as the first saint’s day of the liturgical year, even when the First Sunday of Advent falls after it—an honor befitting of Andrew’s position among the apostles.

Legacy/Achievements

Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, Russia, Romania, Amalfi, and Luqa (Malta). Many national flags depict the cross on which he was crucified, serving as a memorial to him.

Zum Beispiel enthält die schottische Flagge (und später der Union Jack und die Flagge von Nova Scotia) einen Saltire, um an die Form des Andreaskreuzes zu erinnern. Der Saltire ist auch die Flagge von Teneriffa und Russlands Marineheber.

Das Andreasfest wird am 30. November sowohl in der Ost- als auch in der Westkirche gefeiert und ist Schottlands Nationalfeiertag. Das Fest des Hl. Andreas ist der erste Festtag im Proprium der Heiligen in den traditionellen liturgischen Büchern der katholischen Kirche.

Andrew is revered in the Greek Orthodox tradition as the founder of the See of Constantinople and the source of apostolic succession in this church.

Er ist auch eine beliebte Darstellung in Ikonen und ein beliebter Name für Jungen in mehreren Ländern mit überwiegend christlicher Bevölkerung.

His Travels

Andreas ging wie die anderen Apostel aus, um das Evangelium nach Christi Tod, Auferstehung und Himmelfahrt zu verbreiten, aber die Berichte über den Umfang seiner Reisen gehen auseinander.

Andrew, according to Origen and Eusebius, first traveled around the Black Sea as far as Ukraine and Russia, whereas other accounts focus on Andrew’s later evangelization in Byzantium and Asia Minor.

He is credited with establishing the Sea of Byzantium (later Constantinople) in the year 38, which is why he is the patron saint of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, even though Andrew was not the first bishop there.

Key Takeaway

Andrew war einer vondie zwölf Apostel, and he is known as “Protocletus” (the First-Called) because he was the first Apostle to be summoned into Jesus’ service. Andrew and his brother Peter were fishermen on the Sea of Galilee. Both men became Apostles, and while his brother came to symbolize the Church of the West, Andrew came to symbolize the Church of the East.

Heute ruft die Stimme des Hl. Andreas weiterhin alle Christen auf, insbesondere die griechisch-orthodoxen Christen auf der ganzen Welt. Sein ungestillter Geist lockt über die Jahrhunderte hinweg und verkündet:

„Der Retter der Welt ist gekommen! Er ist der Christus, der Sohn Gottes!“

This is the call of St. Andrew to all men for “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow.” (Hebrews 13:8)

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Andrew

Death

TraditionsorteAndrew’s martyrdomam 30. November des Jahres 60.

Andrew was martyred on November 30, 60 (during Nero’s persecution) in the Greek city of Patrae, according to tradition.

A medieval tradition also holds that he did not consider himself worthy of being crucified in the same manner as Christ, and so he was placed on an X-shaped cross, now known as Saint Andrew’s Cross (especially in heraldry and flags).

Der römische Statthalter ließ ihn eher binden als ans Kreuz nageln, um die Kreuzigung und damit Andreas Agonie zu verlängern.

St. Andreas Geschenke

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SS Roter Juli Rosenkranz des heiligen Apostels Andreas

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St. Andrew the Apostle Pendant

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Zusammenfassung

Andrew demonstrated his love for his brother as well as his apostolic zeal when he sought out Peter, convinced that Jesus was the Messiah. “Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard John and followed Jesus. He first went to his own brother Simon and told him, ‘We have found the Messiah,’ and then brought him to Jesus.” (John 1:40-42)

Some of Andrew’s relics were brought to Scotland in the fourth century, but parts of his skeleton are kept in the crypt of Amalfi Cathedral in Italy, where they are removed twice a year and produce a clear, water-like substance. The substance, known as “manna,” is said to have miraculous properties.

#1. Which is the St Andrew Symbol?

#2. How is Andrew known in the ecclesiastical tradition?

#3. Whose disciple was Andrew before Jesus?

#4. What year did Saint Andrew die?

#5. What was Andrew best known for in the Bible?

#6. Who ordered Andrew to stop preaching?

#7. Where was Andrew when Jesus met him?

#8. What was another Biblical name for Andrew?

#9. What period was Andrew Born?

#10. What is St Andrew the patron saint of?

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is Saint Andrew known for?

Saint Andrew is known for being the patron saint of Scotland. He is also the patron saint of fisheries and sailors. Andrew is said to have been martyred by crucifixion on an X-shaped cross.

Why was Saint Andrew crucified?

There are a few different theories surrounding why Andrew was crucified, but the most likely explanation is that he was executed for his religious beliefs. As one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, Andrew preached Christianity throughout Asia Minor and Greece. He was eventually arrested and brought before the Roman authorities, who sentenced him to death by crucifixion.

How did Andrew meet Jesus?

It is said that Andrew was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee when he first met Jesus. Jesus had been preaching in the nearby city of Capernaum and some of Andrew’s friends, including Simon Peter, had gone to hear him. When they returned, they were full of exciting stories about this amazing teacher. Andrew went to see for himself and was immediately impressed. He came away convinced that Jesus was the Messiah and became one of his earliest disciples.

What happened to Andrew’s body?

After his death, his remains were transported to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), the capital of the Byzantine Empire. In the late 11th century, when the Byzantine Empire was in decline and under attack from the Seljuk Turks, Emperor Alexios Komnenos ordered that Andrew’s relics be transferred from Constantinople to the city of Amalfi in southern Italy.
Legend has it that as the sailors transporting Andrew’s relics were about to set sail for Italy, a violent storm erupted and threatened to sink their ship. In a miraculous turn of events, the storm suddenly subsided and the ship reached its destination safely.

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