Der heilige Petrus
Saint Peter, also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of Jesus Christ’s Twelve Apostles and one of the early Church’s founders. Saint Peter is historically regarded as the first bishop of Rome or pope, as well as the first patriarch of Antioch by Eastern Christian custom.
The ancient Christian churches regard him as the father of the Roman Church and the Church of Antioch, but there is disagreement regarding the authority of his modern-day successors. He was a Fischerwer stieg auf, um der zu werdenFührer der Apostelobwohl Jesus Christus bei vielen Gelegenheiten versagt hat.
Thousands of people were converted by his sermons, and he performed several miracles throughout his lifetime. Saint Paul and Saint Peter had a tumultuous relationship because they held contrasting opinions on the sociability of Jewish and Gentile Christians.
Simon war der ursprüngliche Name des heiligen Petrus, bis Jesus ihm den Namen Petrus gab. Petrus wurde im ersten Jahrhundert v. Chr. als Simon oder Simeon nach dem Neuen Testament geboren. Sein Name folgte dem jüdischen Brauch, männliche Kinder nach einem prominenten Patriarchen aus dem Alten Testament zu benennen. Simon hatte keine formale Ausbildung und sprach nur auf Aramäisch.
He was a Fischer von Beruf, and he lived in Bethsaida, near the Sea of Galilee. Before joining Jesus in spreading his message, he worked on fishing nets with his brother Andrew and the sons of Zebedee, John, and James, who were all part of Jesus’ inner circle.
He was already married (Mark 1:30) when he met and followed Jesus; he had no formal education (Acts 4:13), and he worked the fishing nets with his father and brother Andrew in the lakefront town of Capernaum. On the same day, Andrew joined the party of Jesus’ disciples.
Christen mit verschiedenen theologischen Hintergründen sind sich über die genaue Bedeutung des Dienstes des Petrus nicht einig. Katholiken zum Beispiel betrachten den heiligen Petrus als den ersten Papst. Nach Ansicht der katholischen Kirche bildet das Amt des Petrus, wie es ihm in den Evangelien von Jesus von Nazareth verliehen wurde, die theologische Grundlage für die Ausübung der pastoralen Autorität des Papstes über die Kirche.
Im Katholizismus wird argumentiert, dass der Primat des Heiligen Petrus die Grundlage für den Primat des Bischofs von Rom gegenüber anderen Bischöfen in der gesamten Kirche ist.
The primacy of the Bishop of Rome, also known as the primacy of the Roman Pontiff, is the extension of Petrine’s primacy to popes. According to this Catholic Church doctrine, the papacy has authority delegated by Jesus to rule over the entire Church.
Eastern Orthodox believe that Peter’s ministry points to an underlying theology in which a special primacy over other Church leaders should be granted to Peter’s successors, but see this as merely a “primacy of honor,” rather than the right to exercise pastoral authority.
Protestantische Konfessionen argumentieren, dass die apostolische Arbeit des Petrus in Rom keine Beziehung zum Papsttum impliziert.
Ebenso bieten Historiker mit unterschiedlichem Hintergrund unterschiedliche Interpretationen der Anwesenheit des Apostels in Rom.
Das Leben des Petrus mit Christus
When Peter met Jesus, his life was transformed. Jesus tells Peter to put out his boat in the middle of the day to fish in Luke 5: 1–11. Peter, who had just returned from a fruitless night of fishing, was skeptical, but he obeyed Jesus’ command. Peter caught so many fish that he needed a second boat to help him bring them in.
Diese Erfahrung des Überflusses war nach Petrus ein Zeichen der Gegenwart Gottes. Er bat Jesus, ihn zu verlassen, aber Jesus sagte ihm, dass er ein Menschenfischer werden würde.
As previously stated, Peter was one of the first disciples called by Jesus, and he was frequently their spokesman – for better or worse. One of the things he is credited with is a unique insight into Jesus’ identity. Peter was the first to refer to Jesus as the Son of God – the Messiah (Mark 8:29, Luke 9:20, Matthew 16:16; Matthew 16:17).
When Jesus called Peter, he knew He was from God, but he felt unworthy to be in Jesus’ presence (Luke 5:6; Luke 5:7; Luke 5:8). Nonetheless, Jesus did not delay in telling Peter and Andrew that He would make them “fishers of men” (Markus 1:17).
Peter was brave, but he was frequently wrong. He even rebuked the Lord once and stated that he was willing to die for Jesus, even though he denied Him three times during Jesus’ arrest and trial (Matthew 16:21; Matthew 16:22).
Jesus loved the disciples and knew who would remain loyal to Him and who would betray Him (Judas Iscariot). Peter witnessed many of Jesus’ miracles, as well as the Shekhinah Glory with John and James during the Transfiguration. This was the point at which Jesus’ humanity was revealed to reveal the glory of His Divinity (Matthäus 17:1; Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:3; Matthew 17:4; Matthew 17:5; Matthew 17:6; Matthew 17:7; Matthew 17:8; Matthew 17:9).
It is clear that Peter was one of Jesus’ 12 Apostles. According to Roman Catholic tradition, Jesus appointed St. Peter as the first Pope (Matthew 16:18). Jesus also gave him “the keys of the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 16:19), which is why he is frequently depicted in art and popular culture at the gates of heaven. Just have a look at Saint Peter icons and you will see that he is often painted with keys in his hand or a scroll.
Peter was the first Apostle to recognize Jesus as the Messiah, the one whom God had promised would save his people. By being a fisher of men (Matthew 4:19) for Christ, he gave up his life as a fisherman to lead others to Jesus. He witnessed the Transfiguration, during which Jesus was revealed to be God’s Son.
He witnessed Jesus resurrecting a dead child, and he witnessed Jesus’ agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. He was also the first of the apostles to begin performing miracles in the name of Christ. Because St. Peter supported spreading the Good News to the Gentiles, the Church became truly Catholic, or “universal,” because the message was spread to everyone, regardless of origin.
Der katholische Glaube, dass die Kirche in Rom die gesamte christliche Kirche führt, basiert auf dem Glauben, dass Jesus diese Aufgabe an Petrus gegeben hat, der dann die erste christliche Kirche in Rom gründete.
Er ist der Schutzpatron der Päpste, Roms und vieler Städte, die seinen Namen tragen, darunter St. Peters Saint-Pierre. Als ehemaliger Fischer ist er der Schutzpatron der Netzmacher, Schiffsbauer und Fischer und auch der Schutzpatron der Schlosser, weil er die „Schlüssel des Himmels“ besitzt.
In the Bible
Petrus ist eine prominente Figur in den Evangelien und der Apostelgeschichte, und Paulus erwähnt ihn mehrmals in seinen Briefen. In vielen biblischen Berichten ist Petrus der Erste, der das Offensichtliche sagt und sagt, was alle anderen denken (oder zumindest was er denkt), und er steht im Mittelpunkt.
Die Leute waren verblüfft von Peters Kühnheit und Überzeugung trotz seines Mangels an formaler Bildung. Peter war eloquent, aber unauffällig. Sie bemerkten auch, dass er mit Jesus zusammen war und sahen aus erster Hand, wie es den Unterschied ausmachte, sich auf Jesus auszurichten.
Gemäß den vier Evangelien des Neuen Testaments bezieht sich die Verleugnung des Petrus auf die dreimalige Verleugnung Jesu durch den Apostel Petrus. Gemäß den vier Evangelien sagte Jesus während derDas letzte Abendmahldass Petrus sein Wissen leugnen und ihn verleugnen würde, bevor am nächsten Morgen „der Hahn krähte“.
Er verleugnete ihn zum ersten Mal, als ihn eine Dienerin des Hohenpriesters entdeckte und beschuldigte, mit Jesus zusammen zu sein. „Der Hahn krähte“, heißt es bei Markus, während Lukas und Johannes erwähnen, dass er mit anderen am Feuer saß.
Die zweite Verleugnung ereignete sich, als er zum Tor ging, weg vom Feuerschein. Nach Markus informierte dieselbe Dienerin oder eine andere Magd nach Matthäus oder ein Mann, wie bei Lukas und Johannes erwähnt, das Volk, dass Petrus einer von Jesu Nachfolgern war. „Der Hahn krähte“, sagt John noch einmal.
Nach dem Johannesevangelium geschah die zweite Verleugnung, während Petrus noch am Feuer saß, und es gab eine Behauptung von jemandem, der ihn im Garten Gethsemane sah, als Jesus verhaftet wurde.
Die dritte und letzte Verleugnung kam, als sein galiläischer Akzent verwendet wurde, um zu beweisen, dass er ein Jünger Jesu war. „Der Hahn krähte“ noch einmal, so Matthäus, Markus und Lukas.
Matthew fährt fort, dass es sein Akzent war, der ihn als Galiläer identifizierte.
Luke widerspricht der dritten Verleugnung und sagt, dass es nur eine Person war, die ihn beschuldigte, nicht eine ganze Menge. In Johns Schreiben wird kein Akzent erwähnt.
Petrus verleugnete Jesus dreimal, aber nach dem dritten Mal hörte er den Hahn krähen und erinnerte sich an Jesu Vorhersage. Dann begann er unkontrolliert zu weinen. Dies ist als „Reue des Petrus“ bekannt.
Nach dem Johannesevangelium spielte Jesus auf den Tod des heiligen Petrus an.
„Wenn du alt bist, wirst du deine Hände ausstrecken, und jemand anderes wird dich anziehen und dich dorthin tragen, wo du nicht hinwillst“
he said (John 21:18).
Leider wird der Tod von Petrus in der Bibel nicht erwähnt. Historiker glauben jedoch, dass erdurch Kreuzigung gestorbenwährend der Herrschaft von Kaiser Nero im Jahr 64 n. Chr
Als er mit seinem Schicksal konfrontiert wurde, verlangte Peter, dass er kopfüber gekreuzigt wird. Es wird gesagt, dass er sich nicht für würdig hielt, in der gleichen Weise wie Christus gemartert zu werden. St. Linus folgte St. Peter als erster römischer Papst der katholischen Kirche nach dem Tod von St. Peter.
The line of succession from St. Linus is unbroken, stretching back to 64 A.D. To become a saint in the Catholic Church, you must meet several criteria, including a life lived as a servant of God, evidence of heroic virtue, and verified miracles. St. Peter walked on water with Jesus for the last of these. St. Peter not only fulfilled all of these requirements, but he is also the patron saint of popes, Rome, fishermen, and locksmiths.
Der heilige Petrus reiste durch viele Regionen, darunter Jerusalem, Antiochia und Korinth, um das Evangelium zu predigen und die Menschen zum Christentum zu bekehren. Die letzte Stadt, die er besuchen sollte, war Rom, wo der heilige Petrus während der Verfolgung des Christentums durch Kaiser Nero im Jahr 64 den Märtyrertod erlitt.
A St. Peter pendant or medallion will typically depict him holding large keys, a symbol of Jesus handing him the keys to the kingdom of heaven. This reference can still be found in contemporary depictions of Peter as the gatekeeper to the pearly gates of heaven.
Prayer to Saint Peter The Apostle
Schlüssel zum Mitnehmen
Der heilige Petrus, den Jesus zum ersten Papst ernennt, wird im Neuen Testament mehr als jeder andere Apostel erwähnt. Der heilige Petrus, ein von Christus berufener Fischer, seine Netze aufzugeben und ein „Menschenfischer“ zu werden, war für einen Großteil seines öffentlichen Dienstes an der Seite Jesu.
Der heilige Petrus führte die frühe Kirche durch Expansion und Verfolgung nach Christi Kreuzigung, Tod und Auferstehung – und seiner anschließenden Himmelfahrt.
When St. Peter was sentenced to death by crucifixion under Emperor Nero in 64 AD, he chose to be crucified upside-down, claiming he was unworthy to die in the same manner as the Messiah. His relics are revered in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, where pilgrims come to honor him and his successors as the Vicar of Christ and His Church on Earth.
Diving into the characteristics of the apostle Peter then we see that Peter was a man with certain glaring character faults. Simon was loud-mouthed, he was impetuous, boastful, lacked humility, and was unstable. You might wonder why Jesus would want Simon as a disciple – but then, the characteristics of the 12 Apostles were not much better. (At this time, they were all young men with many of the faults of youth, but they were capable of changing.)
And we do see other sides of Simon’s character, which are more positive. I think he was a generous man; he was warm and outgoing, he was enthusiastic, he was a man of strong emotions, and he was a natural leader.
But most important of all: he was devoted to Jesus.
Not all of us will have Peter’s gregarious and extrovert temperament, but we all can learn from Simon Peter’s life. So, let’s first look at some of Apostle Peter’s Characteristics:
“Impulsive” is the word you would use to describe Saint Peter. Whenever a new situation arose, you could always guarantee that it would be Simon Peter who would jump in with both feet!
Remember when Jesus walked on water? It was Simon who said,
“Lord, command me to come to you on the water. “(Matthew 14: 22)
– and before you could say “Jack Robinson,” Simon stepped out of the boat and walked across the water towards Jesus. Now that is impulsive behavior.
On the night that Jesus was arrested, Simon Peter whipped out his sword and attacked the servant of the High Priest (John 18:10). That is impulsive behavior.
After Jesus rose from the dead, it was John who got to the empty tomb first, but he hesitated before going in. (He was a cautious character.)
Peter arrived after the apostle John and just rushed straight into the tomb. John then looked in as well, and it was John, not Peter, who understood what he saw and believe that Jesus was alive. Do you understand what I’m saying? Peter was the one who bounded into the tomb without really understanding.
There are many other occasions when we see examples of Peter’s impetuousness. He’s always the one who speaks up first. Sometimes that is a good thing – as when he confessed Jesus to be the Son of the Living God. But then later, we read about him remonstrating with Jesus for saying that he will be killed.
“this will never happen to you.”
Now for Jesus, this was a temptation to forgo the way of the Cross. Jesus saw this temptation as coming from the Devil, even though Peter said the words. He had to rebuke Peter, saying that he is in effect the mouthpiece of Satan. Unknowingly, Simon Peter was seeking to deflect Jesus from the path of duty and sacrifice.
So sometimes, Peter’s impulsive words were commendable – at other times, they were the opposite.
At the Transfiguration, we have an awe-inspiring occasion: Jesus is shining out with divine light and speaking to Moses and Elijah, who also shines out with heavenly glory. The other two disciples, James and John, are struck silent with awe. But Peter just comes out with whatever is on his mind! First, he just speaks a platitude:
“Lord, it’s good to be here with you up on the mountain.”
And then, he suggests making three shelters for Moses, Elijah, and Jesus. He didn’t know what he was saying. It doesn’t make sense, and anyway, what did he think he was doing interrupting the conversation that Jesus was having with no less than Moses and Elijah? These were inappropriate words.
Peter’s reaction is always to open his mouth without first engaging his brain! And so, he did often act and speak without thinking. This was a great fault; you might think, and surely a disqualification to become the leader of the Apostolic Band. But apparently, Jesus saw things differently. He saw what Peter was capable of becoming – a Rock upon which he would be able to rely.
Arrogant and Boastful
Peter was always likely, in his enthusiasm, to bite off much more than he could chew. He was also arrogant and boastful.
On one occasion, he claimed that he loved Jesus more than the others and that he would be more loyal to Jesus. Jesus had said how all his disciples were going to leave him when he was arrested.
And Peter said,
“All the others might run off Lord, but I will never abandon you. I will go to prison and death rather than leave you.”
Peter was in for a rude awakening. When it came down to the nitty-gritty, when Jesus was arrested, Peter ran off, just as the others did.
Later, we read how he denied Jesus three times to save his skin. Where was all his boasted loyalty now?
When the cock crowed, Peter remembered the words of Jesus,
„Before the cock crows, you will deny that you know me three times“.
And he went out and wept bitterly.
This was a testing time for Peter – this was a turning point in his life. He was humbled. He realized he had failed to be a Rock. He had not lived up to the nickname the Lord has given him.
We see a change in Peter’s life after the Resurrection. The first significant event was when Jesus reinstated him as leader of the Apostolic Band. This happened on the lakeside in Galilee, where the risen Jesus asked Peter three times if he loved Jesus. Peter replied three times that he did, and three times, he told him to take care of his lambs and feed his sheep.
Peter had denied his Lord three times: now Jesus reassures him that he is forgiven three times. Not only that, but Jesus will entrust to Peter the pastoral care of the early Church. What a risk for the Lord to take: to give the job to unreliable, boastful blustering Peter! But the Lord knew what he was doing.
Peter had denied Jesus rather than face imprisonment or death, but now Jesus predicts that he will one day die as a martyr for his faith in Jesus:
Very truly, I tell you, when you were younger, you dressed and went where you wanted; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go.’ Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him,
Jesus (John 21:18; John 21:19)
Filled with the Spirit
And Peter did indeed follow Jesus. Just a few weeks later, we find him standing up on the Day of Pentecost, filled with the Spirit and boldly speaking to a crowd.
“With the help of evil men, you nailed him to a cross,”
Peter (Acts 2:23)
Peter said to the crowd.
Yes, he actually is brave enough to accuse them of crucifying Christ. Later, when he speaks to the crowd after the healing of the man at the Temple, he says,
“You killed the one who gives life! But God raised him from death.”
Once again, he is bold enough to make the direct accusation of the people that they had crucified Jesus.
Then, when he and John were brought before the Jewish leaders, once again, he said,
“You nailed him to the Cross. But God raised him from death.
All fear of reprisal is now gone, and Peter boldly testifies to Christ. He truly is becoming a Rock.
One of the characteristics that I have not yet mentioned is Peter’s xenophobia. In this respect, he was very much the same as most of the Jews of his day. They tended to despise the Gentiles. They prided themselves on being God’s people: the Jews. They thought they were superior to everyone else. And so, there was a certain degree of xenophobia. They weren’t supposed to fraternize with Gentiles, to sit down at the table with them, nor to have any kind of fellowship with them.
Now, Peter was orthodox in his practice of the Jewish Faith, and he didn’t cease to keep the Jewish ritual laws of diet and custom after he became a follower of Jesus. Indeed, all the first Christians were Jews, and they had all been circumcised.
However, the time came when the Holy Spirit led some of these Jewish Christians to go out to preach to the Gentiles and the Jews. And so, it was that non-Jews were coming to faith in Christ. At this time, Peter has his famous vision of a cloth or sheet coming down from heaven.
The Spirit of God wanted to get Peter out of his xenophobic rut and start welcoming Gentile believers into his house, to sit at the table with them and have fellowship with them. This was a very big thing to ask from a very observant Jew!
In his vision, Peter sees what looks like a huge sheet lowered down to earth from heaven. In the sheet, he sees all sorts of animals that were considered unclean by the Jews. I imagine there would have been pigs and rats as well as all kinds of unclean birds and reptiles. A voice from heaven said:
“Get up, Peter, kill and eat!”
the Voice from Heaven
“Lord, I have never eaten anything that isn’t holy or clean.”
The voice said:
“God has made these things clean. Don’t you call them unclean?”
the Voice from Heaven
This vision was repeated two more times, and then Peter came out of the trance that he was in. And just then messengers came asking Peter to go to the house of Cornelius the Centurion, to tell him and all his Gentile relatives and friends about Jesus. (You can read about all this in Acts, Chapter 10).
The upshot of it all was that Peter went to Cornelius’ house and told the people there the message of salvation. When they heard Peter’s words, they believed in Jesus, and the Holy Spirit came upon them – a sure sign that God had accepted them. The Holy Spirit had made it known to the early Church that the Gentiles were just as welcome as the Jews in God’s Kingdom.
And so, Peter was changed forever from being a narrow, xenophobic Jew to become one who welcomed Gentile believers and had fellowship with them. (It is true that later on, we find him backtracking a little bit when he met some very extreme Jewish Christians. Peter compromised his position at that time.)
But he has definitely changed. He has become one who will welcome anyone who believes in Jesus – whatever their race or origin. His whole approach has changed.
The Lesson of Humility and Submission
By the time we get to the Epistles of Peter, at the end of the New Testament, written when Peter was getting to be an old man, we see one who has learned the lesson of humility, submission to God, and being prepared to suffer for the sake of the Gospel.
In his youth, he had been as unstable as water, but he became the Rock on which the Church was built in his maturity. He had been a young man when he first met Jesus – probably only in his early twenties – he had been full of immaturity and pride. But God that taken hold of him and changed them. He became Peter the Rock.
Apostle Peter’s, one of the Twelve, good and bad qualities were two sides of the same coin. And we are all like this – we all have unique personalities, and that personality will have both strengths and weaknesses.
Our personalities need to be submitted to God so that the Holy Spirit can work to produce the Fruit of the Spirit in us. Then the positive aspects of our personality will show up, and we will help to build up the body of Christ, the fellowship of the Church.
St Peter Facts show that Peter was a gregarious, natural leader, and an obvious spokesperson for the twelve. Peter’s name is mentioned far more in the New Testament than any other of the disciples. He was the older of the two brothers and the only married disciple. (Luke 4:38) His wife was known to travel with him when he was on a mission. (1 Corinthians 9:5)
His assignment was to bring the Gospel to the circumcised. (Galatians 2:7) Peter is well known for denying Christ three times after Christ was arrested. After his arrest, many years later he requested to be crucified with his head down. He didn’t believe he was worthy to be crucified in the same manner as his Lord. Saint Peter died a martyr’s death in Rome during the reign of Nero. Some speculate around the same time as Paul was being beheaded.
One of the St Peter Facts is that the Apostle Peter’s symbol is comprised of two keys that are crossed over each other. The keys point us to the Gospel of Matthew.
In chapter 16, Jesus asks the disciples,
“Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”
They respond with several answers. Jesus finally asks the disciples,
“But who do you say that I am?”
“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Jesus praises Peter for his confession of faith, and then he says, “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. The keys remind us of the confession that Peter made and the forgiveness that Jesus gave to his church in the office of the keys.
Peter is often portrayed as the closest disciple to Jesus and the leader of the Apostles. According to Matthew Jesus appeared first to Peter after the Resurrection. Among the Apostles, he is often described as the first among equals.
The upside-down cross reminds us of how Peter was martyred. Tradition has it that the apostle said that he wasn’t worthy to be crucified like Jesus, so they crucified him upside down instead.
In John’s gospel, Peter is the first person to enter the empty tomb, although the women and the beloved disciple get there before him (Johannes 20:1; John 20:2; John 20:3; John 20:4; John 20:5; John 20:6; John 20:7; John 20:8; John 20:9). In Luke’s account, the women’s report of the empty tomb is dismissed by the apostles and Peter goes to check for himself (Luke 24:1; Luke 24:2; Luke 24:3; Luke 24:4; Luke 24:5; Luke 24:6; Luke 24:7; Luke 24:8; Luke 24:9; Luke 24:10; Luke 24:11; Luke 24:12).
Paul’s First Epistle to the Corinthians contains a list of resurrection appearances of Jesus, the first of which is an appearance to “Cephas” (1 Corinthians 15:3; 1 Corinthians 15:4; 1 Corinthians 15:5; 1 Corinthians 15:6; 1 Corinthians 15:7).
An appearance to Simon is also reported in Luke 24:34. In the final chapter of the Gospel of John, Peter three times affirms his love for Jesus, apparently restoring his threefold denial, and Jesus reconfirms Peter’s position (John 21:15; John 21:16; John 21:17), instructing him to “feed my sheep.”
According to Acts of the Apostles, Peter was a prolific performer of miracles. His first miracle cure was performed in the name of Jesus, at the temple, where the faithful saw the healed beggar praising God, and was the opportunity for some outstanding proselytizing.
In an even more difficult challenge, Peter resurrected Tabitha, a good woman, and a disciple, who was certainly dead and her body had already been washed; a miracle that became known throughout Joppa and, as a result, many were converted. Peter was also capable of malevolent miracles if it suited his purposes.
A certain man named Ananias sold a possession and gave only some of the proceeds to Peter, who believed that the church was entitled to all the money. Peter realized the deceit immediately and Ananias fell dead, then Peter told Ananias’ wife she would also die because she repeated the deceit.
Those accounts would be conclusive evidence that Peter ranked alongside Jesus as a miracle worker.
Peter’s Position Among the Apostles
Peter is also often depicted as the spokesman of all the apostles, and as one to whom Jesus gave special authority. It is interesting that Peter tells us that according to the Gospel of Matthew, Peter alone was able to walk on water after seeing Jesus do the same thing (Matthew 14:22; Matthew 14:23; Matthew 14:24; Matthew 14:25; Matthew 14:26; Matthew 14:27; Matthew 14:28; Matthew 14:29; Matthew 14:30; Matthew 14:31; Matthew 14:32). The gospels of Mark and John also mention Jesus walking on water, but do not mention Peter doing so.
It is Peter who first declares Jesus the Messiah in the synoptic gospels, saying
“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Peter (Matthew 16:16)
Jesus praises Peter for this confession and declares, punning on Peter’s nickname:
“I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.”
Jesus (Matthew 16:18)
This core group of three was present at special incidents, such as the transfiguration and Jesus’ prayer in Gethsemane, in which the others did not participate.
Mark 5 reports that Peter alone was allowed to follow Jesus into the house of the synagogue leader Jairus where Jesus brought Jairus’ daughter back from the dead. Several times, Jesus takes Peter, John, and James aside and reveals things to them that the other disciples do not hear.
Peter in the Early Church
The author of the Acts of the Apostles portrays Peter as an extremely important figure within the early Christian community, although it is not clear whether Peter or James, “the Lord’s brother,” is the leading figure in the Jerusalem church.
Researching the St Peter Facts it is clear that Peter did play a key role early on. He took the lead in selecting a replacement for Judas Iskariot (Acts 1:15) and delivered a significant speech during Pentecost at which 3,000 Jews reportedly accepted his message and were baptized (Acts 2:38; Acts 2:39; Acts 2:40; Acts 2:41).
He became famous in Jerusalem for healing a crippled beggar. He was twice arraigned before the Sanhedrin for preaching the gospel.
It was also Peter who condemned the disciple Ananias for withholding from the church part of the proceeds of the sale of his home, after which the Holy Spirit immediately killed both Ananias and his wife (Acts 5:1; Acts 5:2; Acts 5:3; Acts 5:4; Acts 5:5; Acts 5:6; Acts 5:7; Acts 5:8; Acts 5:9; Acts 5:10).
In the Roman Catholic Church, Peter’s leadership role among the apostles lies at the root of the leadership role of the pope among the bishops of the Church as the body of Christ. Popes wear the Fisherman’s Ring, which bears an image of the saint casting his nets from a fishing boat.
The keys used as a symbol of the pope’s authority refer to the “keys of the kingdom of Heaven” promised to Peter (Matthew 16:18; Matthew 16:19). Peter is therefore often depicted in both Western and Eastern Christian art holding a key, a set of keys or a scroll.
The Roman patriarch, though not the only “pope” of the time, was recognized as the successor of Peter as bishop of Rome by all the ancient Christian churches, except those deemed to be heretical.
However, many Protestants the idea of Peter’s primacy on the grounds of lack of contemporary evidence, as the tradition that Peter went to Rome and was martyred there was not well established until the second century.
Moreover, even if the tradition is true, this does not necessarily establish Rome’s authority over other churches. In the Orthodox tradition, the Peter position is seen as primus inter pares—the first among equals, together with the other metropolitan patriarchates.
Recent studies of apocryphal literature, especially of the gnostic variety, indicate that Peter’s position was emphasized by the “orthodox” churches as a rallying point to strengthen the authority of the orthodox bishops against supposedly false teachings.
Thus, some of the gnostic gospels and other apocryphal literature portray Peter in a more negative light than the canonical gospels and surviving church tradition.
In summary, the St Peter Facts tell us that Peter is the most well-known Apostle. Described by Jesus as “a fisher of men, “he was a fisherman by trade and was with Jesus from the beginning of his teachings.
According to Matthew, Peter was the first to believe in the divinity of Jesus. He said:
“Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Peter was present at most of the important events described in the Gospels.
After Jesus was arrested by Roman police after das letzte Abendmahl a violent struggle ensued in which Peter drew his sword and sliced off the ear of one policeman. When Jesus was grabbed, the fighting stopped and the disciples ran away.
When the Romans asked Peter if he knew Jesus, Peter denied he did (three times) just as Jesus predicted. Peter “went outside and wept bitterly.” He later repented his denial.
Zusammenfassung Sankt Peter
Der heilige Petrus gilt traditionell als erster Bischof von Rom und als Führer der 12 Apostel Jesu. Sie trafen sich zum ersten Mal, als sie einer Predigt des Hl. Johannes des Täufers zuhörten. Petrus erkannte Jesus als den Messias, als er ihm begegnete. In ähnlicher Weise wusste Jesus von dem Moment an, als Jesus Petrus traf, dass er der Fels der Kirche sein würde.
Nach der Auferstehung stattete Jesus St. Petrus seinen ersten Besuch ab. Dort erklärte sich Jesus zum Führer der Kirche. Infolgedessen wurde Peter der erste in einer ununterbrochenen Reihe von Führern in der katholischen Kirche, die heute als Päpste bekannt sind. Er starb wie Jesus als Märtyrer. Das Neue Testament enthält eine Fülle von Informationen über den heiligen Petrus, insbesondere in den vier synoptischen Evangelien.
#1. In what town did Peter grow up?
#2. In which city did Peter preach and live in his last years?
#3. Which part of Peter was believed to be able to heal people?
#4. According to Christian tradition and belief, Simon Peter was arrested in Rome, and eventually sentenced to death. How was the sentence carried out?
#5. Peter was one of only three disciples to see Jesus transformed into his divine glory. What is this event called?
#6. Peter tells his readers that their faith is being tested to show its strength. He compares this to the purification of gold. What does he say tests and purifies gold?
#7. How many of Peter's letters are included in the New Testament?
#8. What is Peter depicted in art holding in his hands?
#9. Where did Apostle Peter confront Simon Magus?
#10. What was the name of the servant who answered the door after Peter escaped from prison?
Sankt Peter Ressourcen