Según el Nuevo Testamento, el apóstol Andrés, también conocido como San Andrés, fue discípulo de Jesús. He is the brother of Saint Peter and was part of the inner circle of Jesus Christ.
En la tradición ortodoxa, se le conoce como el Primer Llamado. The Patriarch of Constantinople is the apostolic successor to Saint Andrew.
Andrew was born in the early first century in the village of Bethsaida on the Sea of Galilee, according to the New Testament. He was a fisherman. His name means “strong,” and he was conocido por sus habilidades sociales.
Según el evangelio de Mateo, Jesús caminaba por la orilla del mar de Galilea cuando notó que Andrés y Simón Pedro estaban pescando.
Luego les pidió que fueran discípulos y "pescadores de hombres".
Andrew is not named in the Gospel of Luke at first. It describes Jesus using a boat, thought to be solely Simon’s, to preach to the multitudes and catch a large amount of fish on a previously dry night. Later, in Luke 5:7, it is mentioned that Simon was not the only pescador en el barco, but it is not mentioned until Luke 6:14 that Andrew is Simon Peter’s brother.
Hay algunosAndrés el apóstol en hechos that you should know for instance that Andrew was born between the years of 5 and 10 in Bethsaida, Palestine’s main fishing port. His parents’ names were Jona and Joanna, and he had a brother called Simon.
Jona era pescador, junto con su socio comercial y amigo Zebedeo y sus hijos James y John.
Habría comenzado a asistir a la escuela de la sinagoga a la edad de cinco años, donde habría estudiado escrituras, astronomía y aritmética.
Life With Jesus
El apóstol Andrés, cuyo nombre significa "varonil", fue el primer apóstol de Jesucristo. Anteriormente había sido discípulo de Juan el Bautista, pero cuando Juan declaró que Jesús era “el cordero de Dios”, Andrés lo siguió y pasó un día con él.
Andrew went straight to his brother Simon and told him, “We have found the Messiah.” (John 1:41) He accompanied Simon to meet Jesus.
Según Mateo, Simón y Andrés soltaron sus redes de pesca y siguieron a Jesús cuando pasaba.
En los evangelios se registran tres episodios que involucran al apóstol Andrés.
He and three other disciples questioned Jesus about his prediction that the Temple would be demolished (Mark 13:3-4).
Andrew brought a boy to Jesus with two fish and five barley loaves, which he multiplied to feed 5,000 people (John 6:8-13).
Aunque no se menciona en la Biblia, la tradición de la iglesia sostiene que Andrés fue crucificado como mártir en una cruz en forma de X.
Eso es suficiente.
Jesús lo llamó personalmente a proclamar la Buena Nueva, a sanar con el poder de Jesús y a compartir su vida y su muerte.
La santidad de hoy no es diferente. Es un don que incluye un llamado a preocuparse por el Reino, una actitud extrovertida que no desea más que compartir las riquezas de Cristo con todas las personas.
Muchos católicos practican la Novena de San Andrés, también conocida como Novena de Navidad de San Andrés, en la que se recita una oración específica 15 veces al día desde su fiesta el 30 de noviembre hasta Navidad.
El año litúrgico en el calendario católico romano comienza con el Adviento, y el primer domingo de Adviento es siempre el domingo más cercano a la fiesta de San Andrés.
Though Advent can begin as late as December 3, Saint Andrew’s feast (November 30) is traditionally listed as the first saint’s day of the liturgical year, even when the First Sunday of Advent falls after it—an honor befitting of Andrew’s position among the apostles.
Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland, Russia, Romania, Amalfi, and Luqa (Malta). Many national flags depict the cross on which he was crucified, serving as a memorial to him.
Por ejemplo, la bandera escocesa (y, más tarde, la Union Jack y la bandera de Nueva Escocia) incluye un saltire para conmemorar la forma de la cruz de San Andrés. El saltire es también la bandera de Tenerife y el gato naval de Rusia.
La fiesta de Andrew se celebra el 30 de noviembre en las iglesias orientales y occidentales, y es el día nacional de Escocia. La fiesta de San Andrés es la primera fiesta del Propio de los Santos en los libros litúrgicos tradicionales de la iglesia católica.
Andrew is revered in the Greek Orthodox tradition as the founder of the See of Constantinople and the source of apostolic succession in this church.
También es una representación popular en iconos y un nombre popular para los niños en varios países con poblaciones predominantemente cristianas.
Andrés, como los otros apóstoles, salió a difundir el evangelio después de la muerte, resurrección y ascensión de Cristo, pero los relatos difieren en cuanto a la extensión de sus viajes.
Andrew, according to Origen and Eusebius, first traveled around the Black Sea as far as Ukraine and Russia, whereas other accounts focus on Andrew’s later evangelization in Byzantium and Asia Minor.
He is credited with establishing the Sea of Byzantium (later Constantinople) in the year 38, which is why he is the patron saint of the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, even though Andrew was not the first bishop there.
Andrew fue uno delos doce apóstoles, and he is known as “Protocletus” (the First-Called) because he was the first Apostle to be summoned into Jesus’ service. Andrew and his brother Peter were fishermen on the Sea of Galilee. Both men became Apostles, and while his brother came to symbolize the Church of the West, Andrew came to symbolize the Church of the East.
Hoy la voz de San Andrés sigue llamando a todos los cristianos, especialmente a los cristianos ortodoxos griegos de todo el mundo. Su espíritu sereno llama a través de los siglos proclamando:
“¡Ha venido el Salvador del mundo! ¡Él es el Cristo, el Hijo de Dios! "
This is the call of St. Andrew to all men for “Jesus Christ is the same yesterday, today and tomorrow.” (Hebrews 13:8)
Andrew was martyred on November 30, 60 (during Nero’s persecution) in the Greek city of Patrae, according to tradition.
A medieval tradition also holds that he did not consider himself worthy of being crucified in the same manner as Christ, and so he was placed on an X-shaped cross, now known as Saint Andrew’s Cross (especially in heraldry and flags).
El gobernador romano lo ataba en lugar de clavarlo en la cruz para prolongar la crucifixión y, por lo tanto, la agonía de Andrés.
Regalos de San Andrés
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Andrew demonstrated his love for his brother as well as his apostolic zeal when he sought out Peter, convinced that Jesus was the Messiah. “Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard John and followed Jesus. He first went to his own brother Simon and told him, ‘We have found the Messiah,’ and then brought him to Jesus.” (John 1:40-42)
Some of Andrew’s relics were brought to Scotland in the fourth century, but parts of his skeleton are kept in the crypt of Amalfi Cathedral in Italy, where they are removed twice a year and produce a clear, water-like substance. The substance, known as “manna,” is said to have miraculous properties.
#1. From what country did the name Andrew originate?
#2. When is Andrew Feast day?
#3. Who was Saint Andrew's wife?
#4. Who ordered Andrew to stop preaching?
#5. How many Synoptic gospels mention Andrew?
#6. Which countries flag is Andrew represented on?
#7. How is Andrew known in the ecclesiastical tradition?
#8. Where was Andrew from?
#9. What year did Saint Andrew die?
#10. What period was Andrew Born?
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Saint Andrew known for?
Saint Andrew is known for being the patron saint of Scotland. He is also the patron saint of fisheries and sailors. Andrew is said to have been martyred by crucifixion on an X-shaped cross.
Why was Saint Andrew crucified?
There are a few different theories surrounding why Andrew was crucified, but the most likely explanation is that he was executed for his religious beliefs. As one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, Andrew preached Christianity throughout Asia Minor and Greece. He was eventually arrested and brought before the Roman authorities, who sentenced him to death by crucifixion.
How did Andrew meet Jesus?
It is said that Andrew was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee when he first met Jesus. Jesus had been preaching in the nearby city of Capernaum and some of Andrew’s friends, including Simon Peter, had gone to hear him. When they returned, they were full of exciting stories about this amazing teacher. Andrew went to see for himself and was immediately impressed. He came away convinced that Jesus was the Messiah and became one of his earliest disciples.
What happened to Andrew’s body?
After his death, his remains were transported to Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), the capital of the Byzantine Empire. In the late 11th century, when the Byzantine Empire was in decline and under attack from the Seljuk Turks, Emperor Alexios Komnenos ordered that Andrew’s relics be transferred from Constantinople to the city of Amalfi in southern Italy.
Legend has it that as the sailors transporting Andrew’s relics were about to set sail for Italy, a violent storm erupted and threatened to sink their ship. In a miraculous turn of events, the storm suddenly subsided and the ship reached its destination safely.