Santiago hijo de Zebedeo

saint james son of zebedee

Santiago el Mayor

According to the New Testament, James the Great, also known as James son of Zebedee or Saint James the Greater, was one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles and part of His inner circle.

Uno de losJames Facts is that according to Catholic tradition, Apostle James spread Christianity in Spain.

Fue decapitado en Jerusalén en el 44, y sus restos fueron posteriormente transportados a Galicia en una barca de piedra hasta el emplazamiento de la Catedral de Santiago de Compostela.

Patron saints are not unique to Roman Catholicism, but also to Eastern Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and some branches of Islam.

The patron saint of pilgrims and Spain is St James the Greater, Son of Zebedee.

St James the Greater was one of Jesus Christ’s disciples and was thought to be his cousin by the Virgin Mary’s sister, and the brother of San Judas Tadeo.

He shared a fishing boat with his brother John, his father Zebedee, and his partner Simon. John and James were disciples of John the Baptist and, later, of Jesus.

When Jesus called James and his brother John to be “pescadores de hombres, ”Dejaron sus vidas como pescadores. Fue uno de los discípulos de Jesús hasta que fuecrucificado por los romanos.

lucas cranach the elder, saint james the greater, woodcut, rosenwald collection, 1952.8.219
"Lucas Cranach the Elder, Saint James the Greater, woodcut, Rosenwald Collection, 1952.8.219"

Birth/Origins

According to Christian myth, James was born in Galilee around the year 5 BC. His parents appear to have been well-to-do. His father, Zebedee, was a Sea of Galilee fisherman who probably lived in or near Bethsaida, possibly in Capharnaum, and had some boatmen or hired men.

Su madre, Salomé, fue una de las mujeres piadosas que más tarde siguieron a Cristo y "le ministraron de sus bienes".

Su hermano eraJuan el apóstol, who, according to Christian tradition, was the only Apostle who did not die as a martyr and is the author of several New Testament books. According to the Church Fathers, his brother is the same person as John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, and the Beloved Disciple.

Debido a sus personalidades impulsivas, ambos hermanos fueron apodados “Boanerges” (“Hijos del trueno”) y estuvieron entre los primeros discípulos en unirse a Jesucristo.

Según los evangelios sinópticos, Santiago y Juan estaban en una barca con su padre remendando sus redes cuando Jesús los llamó para que lo siguieran.

Santiago fue uno de los tres elegidos que presenció la Transfiguración (metamorfosis), la hija resucitada de Jairo y la agonía en Getsemaní.

Achievements

St James, o St Lago como se escribe en español, es también el gran patrón militar de España. Sin embargo, su misión de defender a la Iglesia cristiana contra los invasores se pospuso hasta después de su muerte.

Durante la famosa batalla de Clavijo, apareció inesperadamente sobre un corcel blanco como la leche, ondeando un estandarte blanco y llevando a los cristianos a la victoria.

This manifestation occurred in response to the soldiers’ use of his name as the battle cry on that particular day, “Sant lago!” As a result, the ancient city of Santiago was named after him, and the cathedral was built in his honor.

saint paul the apostle church (westerville, ohio) - stained glass, arcade, saint james the greater
Saint Paul the Apostle Church (Westerville, Ohio) - stained glass, arcade, Saint James the Greater

Life Lessons

A pesar de todo lo que pasó Santiago como discípulo de Jesús, sula fe permaneció inestable until the resurrection. When he and his brother asked Jesus for the honor of sitting beside him in glory, Jesus only promised them a share of his suffering (Mark 10:35; Mark 10:36; Mark 10:37; Mark 10:38; Mark 10:39; Mark 10:40; Mark 10:41; Mark 10:42; Mark 10:43; Mark 10:44; Mark 10:45)

They were discovering that the greatest calling of a Jesus follower is to serve others. Following Jesus Christ can lead to adversity, persecution, and even death, but the reward is eternal life with him in heaven.

Travels

Un texto apócrifo conocido como El Evangelio de los Doce sugirió en el primer siglo que cuando el Espíritu Santo descendió sobre los apóstoles en Pentecostés (Hechos 2), cada uno de ellos tenía el poder de hablar el idioma de las personas a las que estaban llamados a alcanzar (como el Torre de Babel, pero al revés). James hablaba latín, que se habla principalmente en la mitad occidental del Imperio Romano.

Sin embargo, no fue hasta cientos de años después que alguien sugirió que James viajara a España.

Un texto conocido como el Breviario de los Apóstoles, escrito en el siglo VI, afirmaba que Santiago difundió el evangelio en España y fue enterrado en algún lugar cerca del mar, al oeste de España.

Esta afirmación se repitió en poemas, himnos, biografías y comentarios en los siglos VII y VIII. A principios del siglo IX, se dice que una estrella brillante guió a un pastor hasta la tumba de Santiago en Galicia, en lo que ahora se conoce como Santiago de Compostela.

Para lograr esto, Santiago habría tenido que salir de Jerusalén para evangelizar España, luego regresar a Jerusalén para ser ejecutado en el 44 d.C. y luego transportar sus restos a España para ser enterrados.

At the time, this legend was widely accepted, and the burial site became one of the most popular Christian pilgrimages. However, most modern scholars have found little evidence to support James’ ministry in Spain or his alleged burial there.

Incluso Paul lo hace parecer menos creíble. En Romanos 15, dice,

“It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was unknown so that I would not be building on someone else’s foundation” (Romans 15:20),

and he plans to go to Spain next (Romans 15:23; Romans 15:24)

Nadie ha llevado el evangelio a España, pero sería extraño que Pablo dijera:

"Prefiero ir donde nadie ha difundido el evangelio antes, por eso voy a donde James fue".

The majority of scholars believe James never made it to Spain. He died in Jerusalem, early in the Christian movement. This Spanish missionary journey was not mentioned again until the sixth century, and the discovery of his burial site was simply too fantastical. Despite its mythical origins, this pilgrimage, known as the Camino de Santiago, has remained popular to this day.

lucas cranach the elder, saint james the greater
Lucas Cranach the Elder, Saint James the Greater

Santiago con Jesús

Santiago fue uno de los apóstoles que buscó poder y autoridad sobre los demás, lo cual Jesús reprendió:

“And Zebedee’s sons, James and John, come to him, saying, “Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatever we shall desire.” And he said to them, “What do you want me to do for you?” They said to him, “Grant us a seat in thy glory, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left.”

(Matthew 10:35; Matthew 10:36; Matthew 10:37; Matthew 10:38; Matthew 10:39; Matthew 10:40)

Jesús aprovecha esta ocasión para reiterar su lección sobre cómo una persona que quiere ser "grande" en el reino de Dios debe aprender a ser el "más pequeño" aquí en la tierra, sirviendo a los demás y anteponiendo sus necesidades y deseos a los propios.

Santiago y Juan no solo son castigados por buscar su gloria, sino que el resto de los discípulos también son castigados por estar celosos de esto.

Esta es una de las pocas ocasiones en la Biblia en las que se cita a Jesús por tener mucho que decir sobre el poder político. Se enfoca en temas religiosos la mayor parte del tiempo. En el capítulo 8, advirtió contra la tentación de la “levadura de los fariseos… y la levadura de Herodes”, pero cuando se trata de detalles, siempre se ha enfocado en los problemas de los fariseos.

st. james, son of zebedee
Estatua de Santiago, hijo de Zebedeo

Arrest

James was not the first Christian martyr, as Stephen was, who was stoned to death in Acts 7:54; Acts 7:55; Acts 7:56; Acts 7:57; Acts 7:58; Acts 7:59 Acts 7:60. James died as a result of being beheaded, as recorded in the Book of Acts (Acts 12:1; Acts 12:2; Acts 12:3): “About that time, Herod laid violent hands on some of the church’s members.” He killed James, John’s brother, with the sword, and when he saw that it pleased the Jews, he arrested Peter as well.

Esto fue durante el período de los panes sin levadura ". Como resultado, el apóstol Santiago fue el primero en morir como mártir. Solo un apóstol, irónicamente, escapó de la muerte por su fe, y ese fue su hermano, el apóstol Juan.

The Death of James

Mártires y confesores son los dos tipos de santos. Un mártir cristiano es alguien que es ejecutado por sus creencias cristianas. Los confesores son personas que murieron por causas naturales.

In 44 AD, King Herod Agrippa I captured and beheaded James for heresy after he made the perilous journey back to Jerusalem to pay his respects. Even though James died in Jerusalem, his ashes were returned to his beloved Galicia, and a church was built over them. This was the beginning of Santiago de Compostela’s cathedral, and the body of St. James is said to be buried there to this day.

artus wolffort saint james the greater reading e1592421579565
Santiago el Mayor

Key Takeaway

Porque era uno de los apóstoles más francos, y dado queRey herodes killed James, it could have been James’ proclivity to speak boldly for Christ and speak against the evil that Herod was well known for. In any case, the Apostle James was completely transformed by the power of the Holy Spirit.

He was impulsive, outspoken, easily provoked to anger, and highly impulsive, and had a so-called “hair trigger” at one time, but like John, who became known as “the apostle whom Jesus loved” (Juan 13:23), he became a new creation in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17) and was forever changed, and today is one of the 12 apostles who will rule or judge the 12 tribes of Israel in God’s coming kingdom (Matthew 19:28). That was the Apostle, James.

Resumen

Santiago fue uno de los primeros doce discípulos. Cuando Jesús llamó a los hermanos, Jacobo y Juan eran pescadores en el mar de Galilea con su padre Zebedeo. Dejaron a su padre y su negocio de inmediato para seguir al joven rabino. Debido a que James siempre se menciona primero, lo más probable es que fuera el mayor de los dos hermanos.

Jesus invited James, John, and Peter three times to witness events that no one else witnessed: the raising of Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Mark 5:37; Mark 5:38; Mark 5:39; Mark 5:40; Mark 5:41; Mark 5:42; Mark 5:43; Mark 5:44; Mark 5:45; Mark 5:46; Mark 5:47), the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1; Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:3), and Jesus’ agony in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36; Matthew 26:37)

james the greater apostle hajdudorog frame
James the Greater Apostle Hajdudorog Frame

Pero James no estaba por encima de cometer errores. Cuando una aldea samaritana rechazó a Jesús, él y Juan quisieron invocar fuego del cielo. Como resultado, fueron apodados "Boanerges" o "hijo del trueno". La madre de Santiago y Juan fue demasiado lejos cuando le pidió a Jesús que le diera a sus hijos puestos especiales en su reino.

Debido a su devoción a Jesús, Santiago fue el primero de los doce apóstoles en ser martirizado. Por orden del rey Herodes Agripa I de Judea, fue asesinado con la espada alrededor del año 44 d.C., como parte de la persecución general de la iglesia primitiva.

En el Nuevo Testamento, hay otros dos hombres llamados Santiago: Santiago, el hijo de Alfeo, otro de los apóstoles elegidos por Cristo, y Santiago, el hermano del Señor, un líder en la iglesia de Jerusalén y autor del libro de Santiago.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is James in the Bible?

James was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. He is sometimes referred to as James the Greater to distinguish him from James, son of Alphaeus, who is also known as James the Lesser. James was martyred under King Herod Agrippa I in 44 AD. According to tradition, his remains were later brought to Spain, where they are now enshrined in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

What miracles did Saint James the Greater perform?

The Book of Acts records that James performed a number of miracles, including healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out demons. He was also responsible for bringing one of the first Gentile converts to Christianity, converted following a vision of Jesus.

Why is the scallop shell the symbol of St James?

There are a couple of different theories out there as to why the scallop shell is the symbol of James. One theory says that because James’s feast day falls on July 25th, which is also the feast day of Saint Helena (the mother of Constantine), scallops were traditionally eaten on her feast day. James was traditionally represented holding a pilgrim’s staff and shell in early Christian iconography, so it’s possible that the connection between him and the shell dates back to this early religious symbolism.
Another theory is that during the Middle Ages, pilgrims would often pick up shells as souvenirs from their travels to Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain, where James is said to be buried.

Where is the tomb of St James?

The tomb of St. James is located in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain. It is said to contain the remains of the apostle James the Greater, who is believed to have been martyred in Jerusalem in AD 44. Santiago de Compostela was a major pilgrimage destination in the Middle Ages, and the tomb of St. James was highly venerated by pilgrims. The tomb is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What is Saint James the Greater known for?

There are many things Saint James the Greater is known for, but perhaps chief among them is his zealousness for spreading the gospel. For James, there was no such thing as too much evangelism; he was always looking for ways to reach more people with the good news of Jesus Christ. This attitude led him to adopt some fairly unorthodox methods, such as going into enemy territory to preach the gospel or traveling to remote regions that had never heard of Christianity. His boldness and commitment earned him a reputation as one of the most effective evangelists of his era.

What is St James the Greater symbol?

St. James the Greater is a symbol of faith and devotion. He was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ and his feast day is celebrated on July 25. According to legend, St. James led the Christian army to victory against the Muslims in Spain. Because of this, he is also known as Santiago Matamoros (Saint James the Moor slayer). Today, devotees of St. James wear a scallop shell badge as a sign of their pilgrimage to his shrine in Compostela, Spain. The scallop shell also serves as a reminder that we are all called to be pilgrims on our journey through life, seeking after God with all our heart, mind, soul, and strength.

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