Matthias (also known as Saint Matthias in the Catholic church) was chosen by the remaining eleven disciples to replace the betrayer, Judas Iscariot before Jesus’ resurrection. The scriptural recommendation was for twelve disciples and so Apóstol san pedro declared that they must choose another disciple to take the place of Judas Iscariot.
Matthias was chosen as the twelfth Apostle since he was present with Jesus Christ during his time on Earth as well as through his crucifixion. While two men were chosen to take the twelfth place in the Apostles lots were drawn and Matthias was selected as the twelfth and final apostle.
Tabla de contenido
¿Quién fue San Matías?
According to the biblical “Acts of Apostles 1:21; Acts of Apostles 1:22; Acts of Apostles 1:23; Acts of Apostles 1:24; Acts of Apostles 1:25; Acts of Apostles 1:26,” Saint Matthias was a disciple chosen by the apostles as a replacement for Judas Iscariot after the latter’s betrayal of Jesus Christ. It was important that the community endured even after the crucifixion to spread the Christian faith all around the world, and it was crucial that the number of apostles remained 12, as 12 was the number of tribes of Israel and a twelfth apostle was required for the coming of the new Israel.
Jesús mismo eligió a los 12 apóstoles originales, y el resto de los apóstoles eligió a San Matías después de la Ascensión. Emitieron sus votos por sorteo y seleccionaron a Matthias.
There is no further information about him in the New Testament. It is believed that Matthias placed his faith in Jesus Christ above everything else and was present with the other apostles at Pentecost. He embraced all the teachings of Jesus and sacrificed his life for the service of the Lord, even after being persecuted by many.
He also worked many miracles in the name of the Lord Jesus, which converted many to the Christian faith. He is a patron of carpenters, tailors, and those who are affected by smallpox.
Infancia y vida temprana
Saint Matthias was born in the 1st century AD, at Judaea. In his early youth, he studied the Law of God under Saint Simeon. According to the acts, it is said that Matthias had accompanied the Lord from the time of his baptism and was among the 72 disciples paired off and dispatched by Jesus.
El Evangelio de Matías
El Evangelio de Matías es un texto perdido que dice haber sido escrito por Matías. La iglesia primitiva tenía opiniones encontradas sobre su autenticidad, y solo sabemos de ella por los escritos de otros.
Clement of Alexandria quotes it while describing a heretical sect of Christianity known as the Nicolaitanes—whose teachings John the Revelator claims Jesus hated (Revelation 2:6)—telling us it says,
“Debemos combatir nuestra carne, no ponerle ningún valor y no concederle nada que pueda halagarla, sino aumentar el crecimiento de nuestra alma por la fe y el conocimiento”.
Clement of Alexandria
Eusebio afirmó que también fue escrito por herejes. Pero sin el texto en sí, es imposible decir qué valor pudo haber tenido.
As one of the Twelve, Matthias was an apostle, which meant he was charged with preaching the gospel and helping it spread throughout the known world. The word we translate as an apostle (Apostolos) literally means “one who is sent,” and all of the apostles were sent somewhere. But where exactly Matthias went depends on which tradition you follow.
Según la tradición, se cree que, después de la Venida del Espíritu Santo, Matías ministró y predicó el Evangelio en Jerusalén y en Judea con los otros apóstoles.
Desde Jerusalén, fue a la Antioquía siria y estuvo presente en la ciudad de Titanium y Sinope. Durante su tiempo aquí, San Matías fue encarcelado pero fue liberado milagrosamente porSan Andrés el Primero Llamado. Después de esto, viajó a la ciudad de Amasea, que estaba a orillas del Mar Caspio.
He accompanied Apostle Andrew during a three-year journey and was with him at Edessa and Sebaste. According to tradition, he preached at Pontine Ethiopia (presently known as Western Georgia) and Macedonia. He was constantly persecuted by the people there but kept preaching the Gospel to them.
En una versión de la historia, los etíopes pontinos eran considerados paganos y bárbaros, y obligaban al santo a beber veneno. Pero permaneció ileso porque tenía la protección del Señor, e incluso curó a otros prisioneros que estaban cegados por el veneno.
San Matías salió de la prisión, y esto enfureció a los paganos que seguían buscándolo en vano. Tenían la intención de matar al santo y, según la historia, la tierra se abrió y los envolvió.
After this, he returned to Judaea and continued enlightening his countrymen about Christ’s teachings. He also told them how he was able to perform miracles in the name of the Lord Jesus and motivated many to have faith in Christ.
Esto enfureció al sumo sacerdote judío Ananías, que odiaba a Cristo. Ya había ordenado la ejecución del apóstol Santiago en el pasado y decidió arrestar a Matthias. El santo fue llevado para juicio ante el Sanedrín en Jerusalén.
Durante la audiencia, el sumo sacerdote Ananías calumnió al Señor con un discurso blasfemo. Pero Matías, usando las profecías del Antiguo Testamento, explicó que Jesucristo es "el Dios Verdadero, el Mesías prometido, el Hijo de Dios, Consustancial y Coeterno con Dios el Padre".
¿Cuál fue la santidad de Matías? Obviamente, estaba preparado para el apostolado por la experiencia de estar con Jesús desde su bautismo hasta su ascensión. También debe haber sido el adecuado personalmente, o no habría sido nominado para una responsabilidad tan grande.
¿No debemos recordarnos a nosotros mismos que la santidad fundamental de Matías fue el recibir con alegría la relación con el Padre ofrecida por Jesús y completada por el Espíritu Santo?
Si los apóstoles son el fundamento de nuestra fe por su testimonio, también deben ser recordatorios, aunque sólo sea implícitamente, de que la santidad es una cuestión de la dádiva de Dios, y se ofrece a todos, en las circunstancias cotidianas de la vida. Recibimos, e incluso para esto, Dios proporciona el poder de la libertad.
Muerte y legado
Según Nicéforo, San Matías fuelapidadaen Etiopía (la actual Georgia). Un copto existente "Hechos de Andrés y Matías" valida esta historia. Un marcador que se coloca en las ruinas de la fortaleza romana en Gonia afirma que el santo está enterrado en ese sitio.
The Synopsis of Dorotheus also talks about a similar story. It claims that Matthias was predicando el evangelio in the sea harbor of Hyssus and at the mouth of the river Phasis. He died at Sebastopolis and was buried near the Temple of the Sun.
En otra tradición, San Matías fue apedreado por la gente de Jerusalén después de que enfureció a Ananías. Después de su muerte, los judíos lo decapitaron para ocultar su crimen. Luego, sus asesinos lo tildaron de enemigo de César. Según Hipólito de Roma, el santo murió de viejo en Jerusalén.
It is said that Empress Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine I, brought the saint’s remains to Italy. Part of these relics was placed in the Abbey of Santa Giustina and the remaining in the Abbey of St. Matthias.
The Latin Church celebrates the feast of Saint Matthias on the 14th of May, and the Greek Church celebrates it on the 9th of August.
Matthias, whose name means “gift of God”, was the disciple chosen to replace Judas as one of the twelve Apostles. The Acts of the Apostles state that he was also one of the 72 disciples that the Lord Jesus sent out to preach the good news. Matthias was with the Lord since His Baptism, and was “a witness to Christ’s Resurrection,” according to St. Peter in Acts. He remained with Jesus until His Ascension.
Según varias tradiciones, Matías predicó en Capadocia, Jerusalén, las orillas del Mar Caspio (en la actual Turquía) y Etiopía. Se dice que encontró la muerte por crucifixión en Cólquida o por lapidación en Jerusalén.
Hay evidencia citada en algunos de los primeros padres de la Iglesia de que había un Evangelio según Matías en circulación, pero desde entonces se ha perdido y fue declarado apócrifo por el Papa Gelasio.
He is invoked for assistance against alcoholism, and for support from recovered alcoholics.
The remaining eleven disciples chose characteristics of Saint Matthias to replace the betrayer, Judas Iscariot, before Jesus’ resurrection. According to the caracteristicas de los 12 apostoles, it was believed that these twelve witnesses would represent the twelve tribes of Israel. Thus, these followers of Christ gathered together to cast lots between two candidates: Joseph called Barsabas (Justus), and Matthias.
As one of the Twelve, Matthias was an apostle, which meant he was charged with preaching the gospel and helping it spread throughout the known world. The word we translate as Apostle (Apostolos) means “one who is sent,” and all of the apostles were sent somewhere. But where exactly Matthias went depends on which tradition you follow.
Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos was a fourteenth-century historian who built on the work of his predecessors and had access to important texts that no longer exist. He claimed Matthias preached in Judea, then Aethiopia (modern-day Georgia).
One of the Seventy
In the Gospel of Luke, we learn that Jesus appointed 70 disciples (or depending on the manuscript, 72) to spread the gospel in pairs of two; these believers were sent out to test the hospitality of the towns Jesus was heading to and gauge their receptiveness to the gospel.
They were given the authority to heal the sick and cast out demons (Luke 10:9, Luke 10:17), and they preached the gospel.
Interestingly, Luke is the only gospel writer to mention them, and he doesn’t tell us their names (that’d be about as thrilling to read as Matthew’s genealogy).
While that saves us from slogging through seventy (or seventy-two) names of people we’d likely never read about again, it also, unfortunately, prevents us from learning about these important early followers of Jesus. They were probably leaders in the first-century church.
Witness the Resurrection
The first qualification is laid out in verse 22:
‘He must become a witness with us of His resurrection.’
This is interesting phrasing as he would have witnessed the resurrection having been with Jesus from baptism to ascension.
I think the emphasis here is that he must be prepared to become united with them in their witness. Given that the atmosphere of the church was one of unity and prayer, the new person needed to commit to this and become a witness ‘with us.’ There was no space here for a different plan.
This was a group of people that would be witnessing the resurrection amidst opposition. The church would be staking its reputation on the resurrection of Jesus. This crucial doctrine was foundational teaching, and the new member of the Twelve needed to be prepared to witness this.
Purity of Heart
A shortlist of two men is drawn up. Both, Joseph called Barsabbas (who was also called Justus), and Matthias are ideal candidates. The final decision is committed to God in prayer before lots are drawn. God is addressed as the One ‘who knows the hearts of all men’ or the ‘heart-knower, and He is asked to choose the man He wants.
Ultimately, this is both the most important characteristic of the new Apostle and the one most hidden from us. Who can know the real motives of a man’s heart? Only God. He alone knows our hidden and deep motives. The fact that Matthias is selected speaks volumes of his character.
So Matthias, a man of exemplary character and a persevering witness of the resurrection, is selected by lot and is ‘added to the eleven apostles. Exciting times are ahead for all the apostles as the church is birthed at Pentecost and established throughout the known world.
The last qualification is that he must be one of ‘the men who have accompanied us all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us – beginning with the baptism of John until the day that He was taken up from us’. He must have been present throughout Jesus’ ministry.
This was a new movement and the people who were to ensure that the church got off the ground needed to be people who had seen the whole story unfold. They needed to have been part of what was going on when Jesus was conducting His earthly ministry. They needed to be people who could answer the cynics who questioned who Jesus was.
They needed to be people who could accurately report what Jesus had taught so that they could combat any dubious perversions of His teaching. They needed to be people who Jesus had commissioned to go out preaching the message of the kingdom and healing the sick.
This was an issue of credibility and was important since the new church was being established in an atmosphere of hostility. The individual who was chosen therefore needed to have proven that they had perseverance and not left Jesus when the teaching became difficult or when opposition from the authorities had come.
Before 120 followers of Christ, Peter gave an account of the life, ministry, and death of Judas Iscariot. Because of the loss of Judas, a replacement was to fill the gap within the original twelve disciples. It was necessary to select one who had known them since the Lord’s baptism by John to the resurrection of the Son of Man.
“And they drew lots for them, and the lots fell to Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles”
Many believe that Barsabbas and Matthias were among the seventy disciples who were sent out to proclaim the gospel (Luke 10:1). However, neither one has been mentioned again in Scripture, nor is there any account for their later ministries.
Read more about Saint Matthias in the Bible.
Resources Characteristics of Saint Matthias
Conclusión Saint Matthias
The Bible tells us almost nothing about Matthias. But what we do know is that he’d been following Jesus from the beginning despite not receiving a personal invitation, like the miembros originales de los Doce. Y ya sea que Matías sea un apóstol fue el diseño de Dios o de Pedro, se convirtió en un líder integral en la iglesia del primer siglo y jugó un papel importante en la difusión del evangelio por todo el mundo.