San Pedro

Apostle Peter

Saint Peter
San Pedro

Saint Peter, also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, Cephas, or Peter the Apostle, was one of Jesus Christ’s Twelve Apostles and one of the early Church’s founders. Saint Peter is historically regarded as the first bishop of Rome or pope, as well as the first patriarch of Antioch by Eastern Christian custom.

The ancient Christian churches regard him as the father of the Roman Church and the Church of Antioch, but there is disagreement regarding the authority of his modern-day successors. He was a pescadorquien se elevó para convertirse en elLíder de los apóstolesa pesar de fallarle a Jesucristo en muchas ocasiones.

Thousands of people were converted by his sermons, and he performed several miracles throughout his lifetime. Saint Paul and Saint Peter had a tumultuous relationship because they held contrasting opinions on the sociability of Jewish and Gentile Christians.

Early Life/Births

Simón era el nombre original de San Pedro hasta que Jesús le dio el nombre de Pedro. San Pedro nació en el siglo I a.C. como Simón o Simeón, según el Nuevo Testamento. Su nombre siguió la costumbre judía de nombrar a los hijos varones como un patriarca prominente del Antiguo Testamento. Simon no tenía educación formal y solo hablaba en arameo.

El era unpescador de profesión, y habitó en Betsaida, junto al mar de Galilea. Antes de unirse a Jesús en la difusión de su mensaje, trabajó en redes de pesca con su hermano Andrés y los hijos de Zebedeo, Juan y Santiago, quienes formaban parte deCírculo íntimo de Jesús.

ya estaba casado (Marcos 1:30) cuando conoció y siguió a Jesús; no tuvo educación formal (Hechos 4:13), y trabajó las redes de pesca con su padre y su hermano Andrew en la ciudad de Cafarnaúm, frente al lago. El mismo día, Andrés se unió al grupo de los discípulos de Jesús.

Pietro (apostolo)
Pietro (apostolo)

Primacy

Los cristianos de diversos trasfondos teológicos no están de acuerdo sobre el significado preciso del ministerio de Pedro. Por ejemplo, los católicos consideran a San Pedro como el primer Papa. Según la Iglesia Católica, el ministerio de Pedro, tal como le fue otorgado por Jesús de Nazaret en los evangelios, establece el fundamento teológico para el ejercicio de la autoridad pastoral por parte del Papa sobre la Iglesia.

En el catolicismo, se argumenta que el primado de San Pedro es el fundamento del primado del obispo de Roma sobre otros obispos en toda la Iglesia.

The primacy of the Bishop of Rome, also known as the primacy of the Roman Pontiff, is the extension of Petrine’s primacy to popes. According to this Catholic Church doctrine, the papacy has authority delegated by Jesus to rule over the entire Church.

Eastern Orthodox believe that Peter’s ministry points to an underlying theology in which a special primacy over other Church leaders should be granted to Peter’s successors, but see this as merely a “primacy of honor,” rather than the right to exercise pastoral authority.

Las denominaciones protestantes argumentan que la obra apostólica de Pedro en Roma no implica una relación con el papado.

Asimismo, historiadores de diversos orígenes ofrecen diversas interpretaciones de la presencia del Apóstol en Roma.

St. Peter Preaching in Jerusalem
St. Peter Preaching in Jerusalem

La vida de Pedro con Cristo

When Peter met Jesus, his life was transformed. Jesus tells Peter to put out his boat in the middle of the day to fish in Luke 5: 1–11. Peter, who had just returned from a fruitless night of fishing, was skeptical, but he obeyed Jesus’ command. Peter caught so many fish that he needed a second boat to help him bring them in.

Esta experiencia de abundancia, según Pedro, fue un signo de la presencia de Dios. Le pidió a Jesús que lo dejara, pero Jesús le dijo que se convertiría en pescador de hombres.

Como se dijo anteriormente, Pedro fue uno de los primeros discípulos llamados por Jesús, y con frecuencia fue su portavoz, para bien o para mal. Una de las cosas que se le atribuye es una visión única de la identidad de Jesús. Pedro fue el primero en referirse a Jesús como el Hijo de Dios, el Mesías (Marcos 8:29,Lucas 9:20,Mateo 16:16;Mateo 16:17)

Cuando Jesús llamó a Pedro, sabía que venía de Dios, pero se sentía indigno de estar en la presencia de Jesús (Lucas 5:6;Lucas 5:7;Lucas 5:8). No obstante, Jesús no se demoró en decirles a Pedro y a Andrés que los haría “pescadores de hombres” (Marcos 1:17)

Peter era valiente, pero con frecuencia se equivocaba. Incluso reprendió al Señor una vez y declaró que estaba dispuesto a morir por Jesús, aunque lo negó tres veces durante el arresto y el juicio de Jesús (Mateo 16:21;Mateo 16:22)

Jesús amaba a los discípulos y sabía quién le sería fiel y quién lo traicionaría (Judas Iscariote). Pedro fue testigo de muchos de los milagros de Jesús, así como de la Gloria Shekhinah con Juan y Santiago durante la Transfiguración. Este fue el punto en el que la humanidad de Jesús se reveló para revelar la gloria de Su Divinidad (Mateo 17:1;Mateo 17:2;Mateo 17:3;Mateo 17:4;Mateo 17:5;Mateo 17:6;Mateo 17:7;Mateo 17:8;Mateo 17:9)

Peter in Chora
Peter in Chora

Achievement

Peter was one of Los 12 Apóstoles de Jesús. Según la tradición católica romana, Jesús nombró a San Pedro como el primer Papa (Mateo 16:18). Jesús también le dio “las llaves del reino de los cielos” (Mateo 16:19), which is why he is frequently depicted in art and popular culture at the gates of heaven. Just have a look at Saint Peter icons and you will see that he is often painted with keys in his hand or a scroll.

Pedro fue el primer Apóstol en reconocer a Jesús como el Mesías, aquel a quien Dios había prometido que salvaría a su pueblo. Al ser un pescador de hombres (Mateo 4:19) por Cristo, entregó su vida de pescador para llevar a otros a Jesús. Fue testigo de la Transfiguración, durante la cual se reveló que Jesús era el Hijo de Dios.

Saint Peter
San Pedro

Fue testigo de cómo Jesús resucitó a un niño muerto y fue testigo de la agonía de Jesús en el Huerto de Getsemaní. También fue el primero de los apóstoles en comenzar a realizar milagros en el nombre de Cristo. Debido a que San Pedro apoyó la difusión de la Buena Nueva a los gentiles, la Iglesia se volvió verdaderamente católica, o “universal”, porque el mensaje se difundió a todos, independientemente de su origen.

La creencia católica de que la iglesia en Roma dirige a toda la iglesia cristiana se basa en la creencia de que Jesús le dio este trabajo a Pedro, quien luego estableció la primera iglesia cristiana en Roma.

Es el santo patrón de los papas, Roma y muchas ciudades que llevan su nombre, incluida San Pedro Saint-Pierre. Como ex pescador, es el santo patrón de los fabricantes de redes, constructores de barcos y pescadores, y también es el santo patrón de los cerrajeros porque posee las "llaves del cielo".

In the Bible

Pedro es una figura prominente en los evangelios y Hechos, y Pablo lo menciona varias veces en sus cartas. En muchos relatos bíblicos, Pedro es el primero en declarar lo obvio y decir lo que todos los demás están pensando (o al menos lo que él está pensando), y ocupa un lugar central.

La gente se sorprendió por la audacia y la convicción de Peter a pesar de su falta de educación formal. Peter fue elocuente pero poco llamativo. También notaron que había estado con Jesús y vieron de primera mano cómo alinearse con Jesús marcaba la diferencia.

Saint Peter
San Pedro

La negación de Pedro

Según los cuatro evangelios del Nuevo Testamento, la Negación de Pedro se refiere a las tres veces que el Apóstol Pedro negó a Jesús. Según los cuatro evangelios, Jesús predijo durante elÚltima cenaque Pedro negaría su conocimiento y lo repudiaría antes de que "cantara el gallo" a la mañana siguiente.

Lo negó por primera vez cuando una sirvienta del sumo sacerdote lo descubrió y lo acusó de estar con Jesús. “El gallo cantó”, según el relato de Marcos, mientras que Lucas y Juan lo mencionan sentado junto al fuego con otros.

La segunda negación ocurrió cuando se dirigió a la puerta de entrada, lejos de la luz del fuego. Según Marcos, la misma sirvienta, u otra sirvienta, según Mateo, o un hombre, como se menciona en Lucas y Juan, informó a la gente que Pedro era uno de los seguidores de Jesús. “El gallo cantó”, dice John una vez más.

Según el Evangelio de Juan, la segunda negación ocurrió mientras Pedro todavía estaba sentado junto al fuego, y alguien que lo vio en el Huerto de Getsemaní mientras arrestaban a Jesús hizo una afirmación.

La tercera y última negación se produjo cuando se utilizó su acento galileo para demostrar que era un discípulo de Jesús. “El gallo cantó” una vez más, según Mateo, Marcos y Lucas.

Mateo continúa diciendo que fue su acento lo que lo identificó como galileo.

Luke no está de acuerdo con la tercera negación, afirmando que era solo una persona lo que lo acusaba, no toda una multitud. No se menciona ningún acento en los escritos de John.

Pedro negó a Jesús tres veces, pero después de la tercera, escuchó el canto del gallo y recordó la predicción de Jesús. Luego comenzó a llorar incontrolablemente. Esto se conoce como el 'Arrepentimiento de Pedro'.

Masaccio, Crucifixion of St Peter
Masaccio, Crucifixion of St Peter

Muerte de Pedro

Según el Evangelio de Juan, Jesús aludió a la muerte de San Pedro.

"Cuando seas viejo, extenderás las manos y alguien más te vestirá y te llevará a donde no quieras".

Jesús

él dijo (Juan 21:18)

Desafortunadamente, la muerte de Pedro no se menciona en la Biblia. Sin embargo, los historiadores creen quemurió por crucifixióndurante el reinado del emperador Nerón en el 64 d.C.

Cuando se enfrentó a su destino, Pedro pidió que lo crucificaran boca abajo. Se dice que no se consideraba digno de ser martirizado de la misma manera que lo fue Cristo. San Linus sucedió a San Pedro como el primer Papa Romano de la Iglesia Católica después de la muerte de San Pedro.

The line of succession from St. Linus is unbroken, stretching back to 64 A.D. To become a saint in the Catholic Church, you must meet several criteria, including a life lived as a servant of God, evidence of heroic virtue, and verified miracles. St. Peter walked on water with Jesus for the last of these. St. Peter not only fulfilled all of these requirements, but he is also the patron saint of popes, Rome, fishermen, and locksmiths.

Travels

San Pedro viajó por muchas regiones, incluidas Jerusalén, Antioquía y Corinto, predicando el Evangelio y convirtiendo a la gente al cristianismo. La última ciudad que visitaría fue Roma, donde San Pedro fue martirizado durante la persecución del cristianismo por parte del emperador Nerón en el año 64.

Medals

A St. Peter pendant or medallion will typically depict him holding large keys, a symbol of Jesus handing him the keys to the kingdom of heaven. This reference can still be found in contemporary depictions of Peter as the gatekeeper to the pearly gates of heaven.

Prayer to Saint Peter The Apostle

Saint Peter Prayer
Thou art the Shepherd of the sheep, the Prince of the Apostles, unto thee, were given the keys of the kingdom of heaven. “Thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my Church.” Raise us, we beseech Thee, O Lord, by the apostolic assistance of blessed Peter, Thine Apostle; so that the weaker we are, the more mightily we may be helped by the power of his intercession; and that being perpetually defended by the same holy apostle, we may neither yield to any iniquity nor be overcome by any adversity. Through Christ, Our Lord. Amen

Punto clave

St. Peter, whom Jesus appointed as the first pope, is mentioned more than any other apostle in the New Testament. St. Peter, a fisherman called by Christ to abandon his nets and become a “fisher of men,” was by Jesus’ side for much of his public ministry.

San Pedro dirigió a la iglesia primitiva a través de la expansión y persecución después de la crucifixión, muerte y resurrección de Cristo, y su posterior ascensión al cielo.

When St. Peter was sentenced to death by crucifixion under Emperor Nero in 64 AD, he chose to be crucified upside-down, claiming he was unworthy to die in the same manner as the Messiah. His relics are revered in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome, where pilgrims come to honor him and his successors as the Vicar of Christ and His Church on Earth.

Attributed to Bernardino da Asola - the death of Saint Peter martyr
Attributed to Bernardino da Asola - the death of Saint Peter martyr

Characteristics

Diving into the characteristics of the apostle Peter then we see that Peter was a man with certain glaring character faults. Simon was loud-mouthed, he was impetuous, boastful, lacked humility, and was unstable. You might wonder why Jesus would want Simon as a disciple – but then, the characteristics of the 12 Apostles were not much better. (At this time, they were all young men with many of the faults of youth, but they were capable of changing.)

And we do see other sides of Simon’s character, which are more positive. I think he was a generous man; he was warm and outgoing, he was enthusiastic, he was a man of strong emotions, and he was a natural leader.

Saint Peter
San Pedro

But most important of all: he was devoted to Jesus.

Not all of us will have Peter’s gregarious and extrovert temperament, but we all can learn from Simon Peter’s life. So, let’s first look at some of Apostle Peter’s Characteristics:

Impulsiveness

“Impulsive” is the word you would use to describe Saint Peter. Whenever a new situation arose, you could always guarantee that it would be Simon Peter who would jump in with both feet!

Remember when Jesus walked on water? It was Simon who said,

“Lord, command me to come to you on the water. “(Matthew 14: 22)

Simon Peter

– and before you could say “Jack Robinson,” Simon stepped out of the boat and walked across the water towards Jesus. Now that is impulsive behavior.

On the night that Jesus was arrested, Simon Peter whipped out his sword and attacked the servant of the High Priest (John 18:10). That is impulsive behavior.

After Jesus rose from the dead, it was John who got to the empty tomb first, but he hesitated before going in. (He was a cautious character.)

Peter arrived after the apostle John and just rushed straight into the tomb. John then looked in as well, and it was John, not Peter, who understood what he saw and believe that Jesus was alive. Do you understand what I’m saying? Peter was the one who bounded into the tomb without really understanding.

There are many other occasions when we see examples of Peter’s impetuousness. He’s always the one who speaks up first. Sometimes that is a good thing – as when he confessed Jesus to be the Son of the Living God. But then later, we read about him remonstrating with Jesus for saying that he will be killed.

Apostle Peter in Prison
Apostle Peter in Prison

Lord,”

Pedro

he said,

“this will never happen to you.”

Pedro

Now for Jesus, this was a temptation to forgo the way of the Cross. Jesus saw this temptation as coming from the Devil, even though Peter said the words. He had to rebuke Peter, saying that he is in effect the mouthpiece of Satan. Unknowingly, Simon Peter was seeking to deflect Jesus from the path of duty and sacrifice.

So sometimes, Peter’s impulsive words were commendable – at other times, they were the opposite.

Inappropriate Words

At the Transfiguration, we have an awe-inspiring occasion: Jesus is shining out with divine light and speaking to Moses and Elijah, who also shines out with heavenly glory. The other two disciples, James and John, are struck silent with awe. But Peter just comes out with whatever is on his mind! First, he just speaks a platitude:

“Lord, it’s good to be here with you up on the mountain.”

Pedro

And then, he suggests making three shelters for Moses, Elijah, and Jesus. He didn’t know what he was saying. It doesn’t make sense, and anyway, what did he think he was doing interrupting the conversation that Jesus was having with no less than Moses and Elijah? These were inappropriate words.

Peter’s reaction is always to open his mouth without first engaging his brain! And so, he did often act and speak without thinking. This was a great fault; you might think, and surely a disqualification to become the leader of the Apostolic Band. But apparently, Jesus saw things differently. He saw what Peter was capable of becoming – a Rock upon which he would be able to rely.

The release of Saint Peter
The release of Saint Peter

Arrogant and Boastful

Peter was always likely, in his enthusiasm, to bite off much more than he could chew. He was also arrogant and boastful.

On one occasion, he claimed that he loved Jesus more than the others and that he would be more loyal to Jesus. Jesus had said how all his disciples were going to leave him when he was arrested.

And Peter said,

“All the others might run off Lord, but I will never abandon you. I will go to prison and death rather than leave you.”

Pedro

Peter was in for a rude awakening. When it came down to the nitty-gritty, when Jesus was arrested, Peter ran off, just as the others did.

Later, we read how he denied Jesus three times to save his skin. Where was all his boasted loyalty now?

When the cock crowed, Peter remembered the words of Jesus,

Before the cock crows, you will deny that you know me three times“.

Jesús

And he went out and wept bitterly.

This was a testing time for Peter – this was a turning point in his life. He was humbled. He realized he had failed to be a Rock. He had not lived up to the nickname the Lord has given him.

Saint Peter
San Pedro

Reinstatement

We see a change in Peter’s life after the Resurrection. The first significant event was when Jesus reinstated him as leader of the Apostolic Band. This happened on the lakeside in Galilee, where the risen Jesus asked Peter three times if he loved Jesus. Peter replied three times that he did, and three times, he told him to take care of his lambs and feed his sheep.

Peter had denied his Lord three times: now Jesus reassures him that he is forgiven three times. Not only that, but Jesus will entrust to Peter the pastoral care of the early Church. What a risk for the Lord to take: to give the job to unreliable, boastful blustering Peter! But the Lord knew what he was doing.

Peter had denied Jesus rather than face imprisonment or death, but now Jesus predicts that he will one day die as a martyr for his faith in Jesus:

Very truly, I tell you, when you were younger, you dressed and went where you wanted; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go.’ Jesus said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Then he said to him,

‘Follow me!’

Jesus (Juan 21:18John 21:19)

Filled with the Spirit

And Peter did indeed follow Jesus. Just a few weeks later, we find him standing up on the Day of Pentecost, filled with the Spirit and boldly speaking to a crowd.

“With the help of evil men, you nailed him to a cross,”

Peter (Acts 2:23)

Peter said to the crowd.

Yes, he is brave enough to accuse them of crucifying Christ. Later, when he speaks to the crowd after the healing of the man at the Temple, he says,

“You killed the one who gives life! But God raised him from death.”

Pedro

Once again, he is bold enough to make the direct accusation of the people that they had crucified Jesus.

Then, when he and John were brought before the Jewish leaders, once again, he said,

“You nailed him to the Cross. But God raised him from death.

Peter (Acts 4:10)

All fear of reprisal is now gone, and Peter boldly testifies to Christ. He truly is becoming a Rock.

Crucifixion Saint Peter
Crucifixion Saint Peter

Peter’s Xenophobia

One of the characteristics that I have not yet mentioned is Peter’s xenophobia. In this respect, he was very much the same as most of the Jews of his day. They tended to despise the Gentiles. They prided themselves on being God’s people: the Jews. They thought they were superior to everyone else. And so, there was a certain degree of xenophobia. They weren’t supposed to fraternize with Gentiles, to sit down at the table with them, nor to have any kind of fellowship with them.

Now, Peter was orthodox in his practice of the Jewish Faith, and he didn’t cease to keep the Jewish ritual laws of diet and custom after he became a follower of Jesus. Indeed, all the first Christians were Jews, and they had all been circumcised.

However, the time came when the Holy Spirit led some of these Jewish Christians to go out to preach to the Gentiles and the Jews. And so, it was that non-Jews were coming to faith in Christ. At this time, Peter has his famous vision of a cloth or sheet coming down from heaven.

The Spirit of God wanted to get Peter out of his xenophobic rut and start welcoming Gentile believers into his house, to sit at the table with them and have fellowship with them. This was a very big thing to ask from a very observant Jew!

In his vision, Peter sees what looks like a huge sheet lowered down to earth from heaven. In the sheet, he sees all sorts of animals that were considered unclean by the Jews. I imagine there would have been pigs and rats as well as all kinds of unclean birds and reptiles. A voice from heaven said:

“Get up, Peter, kill and eat!”

the Voice from Heaven

Peter replied:

“Lord, I have never eaten anything that isn’t holy or clean.”

Pedro

The voice said:

“God has made these things clean. Don’t you call them unclean?”

the Voice from Heaven

This vision was repeated two more times, and then Peter came out of the trance that he was in. And just then messengers came asking Peter to go to the house of Cornelius the Centurion, to tell him and all his Gentile relatives and friends about Jesus. (You can read about all this in Acts, Chapter 10).

The upshot of it all was that Peter went to Cornelius’ house and told the people there the message of salvation. When they heard Peter’s words, they believed in Jesus, and the Holy Spirit came upon them – a sure sign that God had accepted them. The Holy Spirit had made it known to the early Church that the Gentiles were just as welcome as the Jews in God’s Kingdom.

And so, Peter was changed forever from being a narrow, xenophobic Jew to one who welcomed Gentile believers and had fellowship with them. (It is true that later on, we find him backtracking a little bit when he met some very extreme Jewish Christians. Peter compromised his position at that time.)

But he has changed. He has become one who will welcome anyone who believes in Jesus – whatever their race or origin. His whole approach has changed.

Pope Peter
Pope Peter by Rubens

The Lesson of Humility and Submission

By the time we get to the Epistles of Peter, at the end of the New Testament, written when Peter was getting to be an old man, we see one who has learned the lesson of humility, submission to God, and being prepared to suffer for the sake of the Gospel.

In his youth, he had been as unstable as water, but he became the Rock on which the Church was built in his maturity. He had been a young man when he first met Jesus – probably only in his early twenties – he had been full of immaturity and pride. But God has taken hold of him and changed them. He became Peter the Rock.

Summary Characteristics

Apostle Peter’s, one of the Twelve, good and bad qualities were two sides of the same coin. And we are all like this – we all have unique personalities, and those personalities will have both strengths and weaknesses.

Our personalities need to be submitted to God so that the Holy Spirit can work to produce the Fruit of the Spirit in us. Then the positive aspects of our personality will show up, and we will help to build up the body of Christ, the fellowship of the Church.

Facts

St Peter Facts show that Peter was a gregarious, natural leader, and an obvious spokesperson for the twelve. Peter’s name is mentioned far more in the New Testament than any other of the disciples. He was the older of the two brothers and the only married disciple. (Luke 4:38) His wife was known to travel with him when he was on a mission. (1 Corinthians 9:5)

His assignment was to bring the Gospel to the circumcised. (Galatians 2:7) Peter is well known for denying Christ three times after Christ was arrested. After his arrest, many years later he requested to be crucified with his head down. He didn’t believe he was worthy to be crucified in the same manner as his Lord. Saint Peter died a martyr’s death in Rome during the reign of Nero. Some speculate around the same time as Paul was being beheaded.

Apostle Peter Logo
Apostle Peter Logo

Peter’s Symbol

One of the St Peter Facts is that the Apostle Peter’s symbol is comprised of two keys that are crossed over each other. The keys point us to the Gospel of Matthew.

In chapter 16, Jesus asks the disciples,

“Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”

They respond with several answers. Jesus finally asks the disciples,

“But who do you say that I am?”

Peter responds,

“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

Jesus praises Peter for his confession of faith, and then he says, “And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. The keys remind us of the confession that Peter made and the forgiveness that Jesus gave to his church in the office of the keys.

Peter is often portrayed as the closest disciple to Jesus and the leader of the Apostles. According to Matthew Jesus appeared first to Peter after the Resurrection. Among the Apostles, he is often described as the first among equals.

The upside-down cross reminds us of how Peter was martyred. Tradition has it that the apostle said that he wasn’t worthy to be crucified like Jesus, so they crucified him upside down instead.

Saint Peter
San Pedro

Resurrection Appearances

In John’s gospel, Peter is the first person to enter the empty tomb, although the women and the beloved disciple get there before him (John 20:1John 20:2John 20:3John 20:4John 20:5John 20:6John 20:7John 20:8John 20:9). In Luke’s account, the women’s report of the empty tomb is dismissed by the apostles and Peter goes to check for himself (Luke 24:1Luke 24:2Luke 24:3Luke 24:4Luke 24:5Luke 24:6Luke 24:7Luke 24:8Luke 24:9Luke 24:10Luke 24:11Luke 24:12)

Paul’s First Epistle to the Corinthians contains a list of resurrection appearances of Jesus, the first of which is an appearance to “Cephas” (1 Corinthians 15:31 Corinthians 15:41 Corinthians 15:51 Corinthians 15:61 Corinthians 15:7)

An appearance to Simon is also reported in Luke 24:34. In the final chapter of the Gospel of John, Peter three times affirms his love for Jesus, apparently restoring his threefold denial, and Jesus reconfirms Peter’s position (John 21:15John 21:16John 21:17), instructing him to “feed my sheep.”

Miracles

According to Acts of the Apostles, Peter was a prolific performer of miracles. His first miracle cure was performed in the name of Jesus, at the temple, where the faithful saw the healed beggar praising God, and was the opportunity for some outstanding proselytizing.

In an even more difficult challenge, Peter resurrected Tabitha, a good woman, and a disciple, who was certainly dead and her body had already been washed; a miracle that became known throughout Joppa and, as a result, many were converted. Peter was also capable of malevolent miracles if it suited his purposes.

Peters walk on water

Experience the awe-inspiring tale of Peter’s miraculous walk on water. Witness the divine power that defied all expectations.

A certain man named Ananias sold a possession and gave only some of the proceeds to Peter, who believed that the church was entitled to all the money. Peter realized the deceit immediately and Ananias fell dead, then Peter told Ananias’ wife she would also die because she repeated the deceit.

Those accounts would be conclusive evidence that Peter ranked alongside Jesus as a miracle worker.

Peter’s Position Among the Apostles

Peter is also often depicted as the spokesman of all the apostles, and as one to whom Jesus gave special authority. Interestingly, Peter tells us that according to the Gospel of Matthew, Peter alone was able to walk on water after seeing Jesus do the same thing (Matthew 14:22Matthew 14:23Matthew 14:24Matthew 14:25Matthew 14:26Matthew 14:27Matthew 14:28Matthew 14:29Matthew 14:30Matthew 14:31Matthew 14:32). The gospels of Mark and John also mention Jesus walking on water, but do not mention Peter doing so.

It is Peter who first declares Jesus the Messiah in the synoptic gospels, saying

“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

Peter (Mateo 16:16)

Jesus praises Peter for this confession and declares, punning on Peter’s nickname:

“I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock, I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.”

Jesus (Mateo 16:18)

Peter is frequently mentioned in the Gospels as forming, together with James the Elder and John, a special group, or trinity of disciples, within the Twelve Apostles.

This core group of three was present at special incidents, such as the transfiguration and Jesus’ prayer in Gethsemane, in which the others did not participate.

Mark 5 reports that Peter alone was allowed to follow Jesus into the house of the synagogue leader Jairus where Jesus brought Jairus’ daughter back from the dead. Several times, Jesus takes Peter, John, and James aside and reveals things to them that the other disciples do not hear.

Peter in the Early Church

The author of the Acts of the Apostles portrays Peter as an extremely important figure within the early Christian community, although it is not clear whether Peter or James, “the Lord’s brother,” is the leading figure in the Jerusalem church.

Researching the St Peter Facts it is clear that Peter did play a key role early on. He took the lead in selecting a replacement for Judas Iscariote (Acts 1:15) and delivered a significant speech during Pentecost at which 3,000 Jews reportedly accepted his message and were baptized (Acts 2:38Acts 2:39Acts 2:40Acts 2:41)

He became famous in Jerusalem for healing a crippled beggar. He was twice arraigned before the Sanhedrin for preaching the gospel.

It was also Peter who condemned the disciple Ananias for withholding from the church part of the proceeds of the sale of his home, after which the Holy Spirit immediately killed both Ananias and his wife (Acts 5:1Acts 5:2Acts 5:3Acts 5:4Acts 5:5Acts 5:6Acts 5:7Acts 5:8Acts 5:9Acts 5:10)

Healing the Sick

Explore a deep dive into the historical and cultural context of the ‘Shadow of Peter Healing the Sick.’ Uncover the enduring impact of this miracle on Christian theology, its depiction in art and literature, and its relevance in contemporary Christianity.

Church Traditions

In the Roman Catholic Church, Peter’s leadership role among the apostles lies at the root of the leadership role of the pope among the bishops of the Church as the body of Christ. Popes wear the Fisherman’s Ring, which bears an image of the saint casting his nets from a fishing boat.

The keys used as a symbol of the pope’s authority refer to the “keys of the kingdom of Heaven” promised to Peter (Mateo 16:18Mateo 16:19). Peter is therefore often depicted in both Western and Eastern Christian art holding a key, a set of keys or a scroll.

The Roman patriarch, though not the only “pope” of the time, was recognized as the successor of Peter as bishop of Rome by all the ancient Christian churches, except those deemed to be heretical.

However, many Protestants the idea of Peter’s primacy on the grounds of lack of contemporary evidence, as the tradition that Peter went to Rome and was martyred there was not well established until the second century.

Moreover, even if the tradition is true, this does not necessarily establish Rome’s authority over other churches. In the Orthodox tradition, the Peter position is seen as primus inter pares—the first among equals, together with the other metropolitan patriarchates.

Recent studies of apocryphal literature, especially of the gnostic variety, indicate that Peter’s position was emphasized by the “orthodox” churches as a rallying point to strengthen the authority of the orthodox bishops against supposedly false teachings.

Thus, some of the gnostic gospels and other apocryphal literature portray Peter in a more negative light than the canonical gospels and surviving church tradition.

Conclusion Facts

In summary, the St Peter Facts tell us that Peter is the most well-known Apostle. Described by Jesus as “a fisher of men, “he was a fisherman by trade and was with Jesus from the beginning of his teachings.

According to Matthew, Peter was the first to believe in the divinity of Jesus. He said:

“Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.”

Pedro

Peter was present at most of the important events described in the Gospels.

After Jesus was arrested by Roman police after the Last Supper a violent struggle ensued in which Peter drew his sword and sliced off the ear of one policeman. When Jesus was grabbed, the fighting stopped and the disciples ran away.

When the Romans asked Peter if he knew Jesus, Peter denied he did (three times) just as Jesus predicted. Peter “went outside and wept bitterly.” He later repented his denial.

Resumen San Pedro

San Pedro es considerado tradicionalmente como el primer obispo de Roma y el líder de los 12 apóstoles de Jesús. Se conocieron mientras escuchaban un sermón de San Juan Bautista. Pedro reconoció a Jesús como el Mesías en el momento en que lo conoció. De manera similar, desde el momento en que Jesús conoció a Pedro, supo que sería la roca de la Iglesia.

Después de la Resurrección, Jesús hizo su primera visita a San Pedro. Fue allí donde Jesús se declaró líder de la Iglesia. Como resultado, Pedro se convirtió en el primero de una línea ininterrumpida de líderes en la Iglesia Católica, ahora conocidos como papas. Él, como Jesús, murió mártir. El Nuevo Testamento contiene una gran cantidad de información sobre San Pedro, particularmente en los cuatro evangelios sinópticos.

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