the holy apostles

The Holy Apostles

From 12 Disciples to the Holy Apostles

saint teresa of ávila

Christ has no Body

The Holy Apostles Must Become His Body

Christ has no body but yours,

No hands, no feet on earth but yours,

Yours are the eyes with which He looks

Compassion on this world,

Yours are the feet with which He walks to do good,

Yours are the hands, with which He blesses all the world.

Yours are the hands, yours are the feet,

Yours are the eyes, you are His body.

Christ has no body now but yours,

No hands, no feet on earth but yours,

Yours are the eyes with which he looks

compassion on this world.

Christ has no body now on earth but yours.

~Saint Teresa of Ávila~

In this beautiful poem, Saint Teresa of Avila tells us that Christ no longer has a physical body here, on earth and we are to act as He taught and lived. In a sense, she is telling us that we are His disciples.

In the Gospel of Mark, verse 15, Jesus told His apostles, 

“Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.” 

After betraying Jesus, Judas was so overcome with remorse that he hung himself, so at this moment,  there were eleven apostles. These eleven men were asked to perform a difficult mission. They would separate and go to different parts of the world preaching what we now know as Christianity.

Of the eleven, all but Saint John would be martyred for their devotion and obedience to Jesus. Be it not for the holy apostles, we would have no Scripture. We would not know Our Lord.

Be it not for these Holy Apostles, we would neither understand nor accept our salvation. Jesus chose each of these men to follow Him.

They were from different backgrounds, had different personalities, and occupations. Jesus knew each man before He chose him and He chose each man for a reason. 

the holy apostles
les Saints Apôtres

The 12 disciples started out as average, unexceptional men of their time: fishermen, farmers, local magistrates. But their dedication to a prophetic Jewish preacher in the backwaters of the Roman Empire transformed them into revolutionaries and, in the process, changed the world itself in ways that would reverberate across time for two thousand years. Now, discover the extraordinary, untold stories of the men chosen by Jesus to bring God’s plan to the world.

Among them are Peter, who denied Christ three times but later became a “Rock,” James and John, the fiery-tempered “sons of thunder,” Matthew, the tax collector later murdered by cannibals, Simon the Zealot, the anti-Roman fanatic eventually “cut to pieces” preaching in Spain, and Judas Iscariot, whose betrayal would be paid for with silver and suicide.

From their early fear and discouragement at the shock of the Crucifixion to the final acceptance of the resurrection and their epic mission to spread the Gospel through the known world, it’s an inspiring, astonishing story of the little-known men who became The Twelve Apostles.

catholic answers for catholic parents

References both Scripturally and to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, parents, catechists, and religious educators alike will find this book to be an invaluable resource tool for teaching the Catholic Faith to children and teens.

Covering sixteen challenging topics that range from Confession to the Reality of Hell, best-selling author Maria Compton-Hernandez (Catholic Mothers Resource Guide) provides simple analogies and helpful advice that will assist adults both young and old in gaining a fundamentally sound background in Apologetics and Church Teaching.

The Truths the Church holds must be passed on to children, teens, and even non-Catholics who may come along with questions.

This book will provide the tools needed to sharpen your understanding of the Catholic Faith. Family catechesis precedes, transcends, accompanies and enriches all other forms of catechesis.-Pope John Paul II Catechesi Tradendae, #68

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Stories of the 12 Disciples

The twelve were not Jesus’s only disciples. In ancient Israel, a disciple was one who chose to follow a teacher and emulate both his lifestyle and teachings. Any good rabbi in Jesus’s world had disciples, and Jesus had quite a few.

Some were more devoted than others, of course. At times, he was followed by hundreds and even thousands of people, but only a few really walked closely with him, and only a few consistently emerge in the gospel story as faithful and committed to him.

These few include twelve men and a handful of women, the latter of whom, against every convention of the day, traveled with Jesus and the other disciples and sat at his feet to learn from him.

So Jesus had many disciples, many followers, many who believed in him — or at least were exploring the belief in him. But out of the many, he called twelve to serve as a special extension of his own ministry.

He called twelve to be apostles. Jesus called the Twelve his friends, and he trusted them. The Pharisees thought that the apostles were uneducated and ordinary. But Jesus gave them training for their work. They would be with Jesus at the most important times in his life, such as before his death and after his resurrection.

Like Jesus, most of the Twelve were from Galilee. Some of them were married. The apostles were imperfect men who made mistakes. Sometimes they spoke before thinking and made bad decisions. At times they were impatient. They even argued over who was more important. But they were good people who loved Jehovah. They would be the foundation of the Christian congregation after Jesus was gone.

“I have called you friends because I have made known to you all the things I have heard from my Father.”—John 15:15

These men became the pioneering leaders of the New Testament church, but they were not without faults and shortcomings. Interestingly, not one of the chosen twelve disciples was a scholar or rabbi. Jesus taught his apostles about the kingdom of heaven, and in return, he learned much from them about the kingdom of men.

These twelve men represented many different types of human temperament. In a religious sense, they were laymen, unlearned in the lore of the rabbis and untrained in the methods of rabbinical interpretation of the Scriptures. God chose them for a purpose—to fan the flames of the gospel that would spread across the face of the earth and continue to burn bright throughout the centuries to follow. He selected and used each of these regular guys to carry out his exceptional plan.

Their love and loyalty to Jesus made them uncommon heroes. After an intensive discipleship course and following his resurrection from the dead, the Lord fully commissioned the apostles (Matthew 28:16-2, Mark 16:15) to advance God’s kingdom and carry the gospel message to the world. Take a few moments now to learn a lesson or two from the twelve apostles—men who helped ignite the light of the truth that still dwells within our hearts today and calls us to come and follow Jesus Christ. Below is a brief summary of each apostle.

saint andrew stained glass
Saint André

Saint André

Andrew (brother of Simon Peter) and the son of Jonas. He lived in Bethsaida and Capernaum and was a fisherman. Andrew was initially a follower of John the Baptist. He brought his brother, Saint Peter, to Our Lord. He was the first chosen apostle, was active in bringing people to Jesus, and was the director-general of the twelve.

Andrew was chairman of the apostolic corps of the kingdom and he was 33, a full year older than Jesus and the oldest of the apostles. Saint Andrew was the best judge of men, a good organizer but a better administrator. Saint Andrew died on the cross

saint bartholomew stained glassed
Saint-Barthélemy

Saint-Barthélemy

Andrew (brother of Simon Peter) and the son of Jonas. He lived in Bethsaida and Bartholomew Nathanael was the son of Talmai and lived in Cana of Galilee. Many believe that he was the only one of the twelve men who descended from royalty. Bartholomew watched over the needs of the families of the twelve.

He received regular reports as to the requirements of each apostle’s family, and making requisition on Judas, the treasurer, would send funds each week to those in need. 

He was the sixth and last of the apostles to be chosen by the Master himself and was brought to Jesus by his friend Philip. Bartholomew was 25 years old and was the next to the youngest of the group, he was the youngest of a family of seven, unmarried, and the only support of aged and infirm parents. Saint Bartholomew was an apostolic philosopher and dreamer, but he was a very practical sort of dreamer. Bartholomew also refers or known as (Nathaniel) was one of the best-educated men among the twelve.

saint james the greater stained glass
Saint Jacques le Majeur

Saint Jacques le Majeur

James the Elder was the son of Zebedee and Salome and the brother of John the Apostle. He also was a fisherman who lived in Bethsaida, Capernaum, and Jerusalem.

Peter, James son of Zebedee (older brother of John), and John were appointed personal companions of Jesus. They were to attend him day and night, to minister to his physical and sundry needs, and to accompany him on those night vigils of prayer and mysterious communion with the Father in heaven. James son of Zebedee was 30 years old when he became an apostle, he was married and had four children.

James had a fiery temper, was a well-balanced thinker, and was a very tactical planner. He was next to Peter unless it was Matthew, James was the best public orator among the twelve, thus the first of the twelve to sacrifice his life upon the new battle line of the kingdom. James was also known as James “the Greater”

saint james the less stained glass
Saint Jacques le moins

Saint Jacques le mineur

James, the Lesser, or Younger was the son of Cleophas and Mary. He lived in Galilee. Although James is believed to have been the brother of the Apostle Jude, some scholars believe that he was the brother of the Apostle Matthew.

Saint James “the Less” and Judas were assigned to the management of the multitudes. It was their task to deputize a sufficient number of assistant ushers to enable them to maintain order among the crowds during the preaching.

Saint Jacques le Mineur était un pêcheur, il avait 26 ans, était marié et avait trois enfants, on pensait qu'il était le cousin de Jésus et a aidé Philippe avec les fournitures et a également apporté de l'argent aux familles pour Nathaniel.

saint john stained glass
Saint John

Saint John

James the Elder was the son of Zebedee and Salome and the brother of John the Peter, James, and John Zebedee were appointed personal companions of Jesus. He was 24 years old when he became an apostle and was the youngest of the twelve, célibataire et vivait avec ses parents.

He was perhaps just a bit spoiled and was a man of few words except when his temper was aroused. He was gifted with remarkable and creative imagination. John Zebedee died a natural death at Ephesus in A.D. 103 when he was 101 years of age

saint jude stained glass
Saint Jude

Saint Jude

James the Elder was the son of Zebedee and Salome and the brother of John the Peter, James, and John Zebedee were appointed personal companions of Jesus. Jude, Thaddeus lived in Galilee. He was the son of Alpheus or Cleophas and Mary and the brother of James the Lesser.

Judas was a pêcheur, was married and had at least one child. Jude helped Philip with the supplies and did also carry money to the families for Nathaniel. Judas was also known as Jude, Lebbaeus and Thaddaeus

judas kiss
Judas kisses Jesus

Judas Iscariote

Judas Iscariot was the traitor; the man who betrayed Jesus. He was the son of Simon who lived in Kerioth of Judah. Of the group of twelve men, Judas was the only Judean. All the others came from Galilee.

Judas Iscariot was appointed treasurer. He carried the bag. He paid all expenses and kept the books. He made budget estimates for Matthew from week to week and also made weekly reports to Andrew. Judas paid out funds on Andrew’s authorization. Judas was an only son of wealthy and unwise Jewish parents living in Jericho.

Judas was 30 years of age and unmarried when he joined the apostles. At a young age, he was pampered and petted; he was a spoiled child. Judas Iscariot was looking for employment in these regions when Jesus’ apostles found him and he was the only Judean among the twelve apostles. Judas was a good businessman, a great executive, a farseeing and able financier and a stickler for organization. Judas Iscariot was one of the best-educated men among the twelve

saint matthew stained glass
Saint Matthieu

Saint Matthieu ou Saint Lévi

Matthew was the son of Alpheus and lived in Capernaum. He was a tax collector. It is believed that one of the reasons Jesus chose Matthew is because he had studied Scripture and had a great understanding of its meaning.

Matthew (Levi) was the fiscal agent of the apostolic corps. It was his duty to see that the budget was balanced, the treasury replenished. If the funds for mutual support were not forthcoming, if donations sufficient to maintain the party were not received, Matthew was empowered to order the twelve back to their nets for a season. But this was never necessary after they began their public work; he always had sufficient funds in the treasurer’s hands to finance their activities. Levi was the seventh apostle and was chosen by Andrew.

Matthew was 31 years old, married and had four children. He was a good businessman and a good social mixer gifted with the ability to make friends and to get along smoothly with a great variety of people. Matthew gave practically the whole of his modest fortune to the work of the Master and his apostles, but they never knew of this generosity. The apostles all died without knowing that Matthew was their benefactor.

saint matthias stained glass
Saint Matthias

Saint Matthias

Apostle Matthias was a disciple of Jesus Christ but was not part of the original 12. He is the only disciple who wasn’t summoned or called into the ministry by Jesus. Instead, he was chosen by the other disciples to replace Judas Iscariot, who committed suicide by hanging himself after betraying Jesus.

L'apôtre Matthias n'est référencé que par son nom dansActes 1:23et 1:26, mais après cela, chaque fois que les douze apôtres sont nommés collectivement, il est inclus. Le Nouveau Testament ne nous dit rien de lui autre que ces deux mentions dans les Actes.

Nous savons qu'il correspondait aux critères de Pierre pour remplacer Judas : il avait accompagné Jésus depuis son baptême par Jean-Baptiste, et il avait été témoin de l'ascension de Jésus au ciel (Actes 1:21-22)

Comme pour d'autres disciples plus obscurs, l'église primitive était souvent perplexe quant à l'identité de Matthias, ce qui rendait difficile pour nous d'en découvrir beaucoup plus sur lui. Certains ont dit qu'il était la même personne que Nathanaël ou Zachée, et certains ont même affirmé qu'il était la même personne que Matthieu. Il existe également des textes apocryphes qui prétendent nous offrir un récit du travail de Matthias, et de nombreuses histoires se sont développées autour de ses voyages missionnaires et de sa mort.

saint philip stained glass
Saint Philippe

Saint Philippe

Philippe venait de Bethsaïda, la même ville que Saint Pierre et Saint André. On pense qu'il était pêcheur.

Philip a été nommé intendant du groupe. Il était de son devoir de fournir de la nourriture et de veiller à ce que les visiteurs et même parfois la multitude d'auditeurs aient quelque chose à manger.

L'apôtre Philippe était le cinquième apôtreêtre élu et avait 27 ans lorsqu'il rejoignit les apôtres.

Philip venait de se marier, mais il n'avait pas d'enfants à cette époque. Il venait d'une famille de sept personnes, trois garçons et quatre filles. Bien que Philip n'était pas nécessairement ennuyeux, ilmanquait d'imaginationet ce n'était pas un homme dont on pouvait s'attendre à ce qu'il fasse de grandes choses, mais c'était un homme qui pouvait faire de petites choses en grand et les faire bien et de manière acceptable. L'apôtre Philippe n'était pas un bon orateur public, mais il était un travailleur personnel très persuasif et prospère

saint peter stained glass
Saint-Pierre

Saint-Pierre

Simon Pierre était le fils de Jonas et d'unpêcheurqui habitaient Bethsaïda et Capharnaüm. Simon Pierre (frère d'André), Jacques et Jean ont été nommés compagnons personnels de Jésus. Le Maître connaissait Simon depuis un certain temps avant qu'André ne le présente comme le second des apôtres.
 
Simon Pierre avait 30 ans lorsqu'il rejoignit les apôtres, était marié et avait trois enfants. Simon était bien connu de tous ses amis comme uncompagnon erratique et impulsif.

Il se mettait constamment en difficulté parce qu'il s'obstinait à parler sans réfléchir, posait beaucoup de questions, plus que tous les apôtres réunis ; la majorité de ces questions étaient bonnes et pertinentes, beaucoup étaient irréfléchies et insensées.

Simon Pierre était le prédicateur exceptionneldes douze; il a fait plus que tout autre homme, à part Paul, pour établir le royaume et envoyer ses messagers aux quatre coins de la terre en une génération

saint simon stained glass
Saint Simon

Saint Simon le Zélote

On sait très peu de choses sur Simon le Zélote à part qu'il s'appelait les Zélotes et qu'il vivait en Galilée. Simon Zélotes (le Zélote) étaitchargé de la récréation et du jeu. Il gère les programmes du mercredi et cherche également à offrir quelques heures de détente et de diversion chaque jour.

Il était le onzième apôtre et a été choisi par Simon-Pierre. Il avait 28 ans lorsqu'il s'est attaché aux apôtres. Simon le fanatique était unagitateur fougueux; et aussi un homme qui parlait beaucoup sans réfléchir. C'était un organisateur très efficace, un grand débatteur et il aimait argumenter

saint thomas stained glass
Saint-Thomas

Saint-Thomas

Thomas Didyme vivait en Galilée. Les évangiles synoptiques ne nous disent rien de Thomas mais Jean nous éclaire davantage sur sa personnalité. Thomas (Didyme) était le responsable de l'itinéraire. Il lui incombait d'organiser les logements et d'une manière générale de choisir les lieux d'enseignement et de prédication, assurant ainsi un programme de voyage fluide et rapide.

Il étaitle huitième discipleet a été choisi par Philippe. Il avait 29 ans lorsqu'il a rejoint les apôtres et était marié et père de quatre enfants. Thomas était autrefois charpentier et tailleur de pierre, mais plus tard, il était devenu pêcheur, avait peu d'éducation, mais il possédait un esprit vif et raisonné et était le fils d'excellents parents.

Thomas a grandi avec une disposition très désagréable et querelleuse. Sa femme était contente de le voir rejoindre les apôtres ; elle fut soulagée à l'idée qu'ellemari pessimisteserait absent de la maison la plupart du temps. Thomas était un bon cadre, un excellent homme d'affaires, mais il était handicapé par ses nombreuses humeurs. Si Jésus et son œuvre n'avaient pas été authentiques, elles n'auraient pas pu retenir un homme comme Thomas du début à la fin. Il avait un sens aigu et sûr du fait.

Jésus a appelé

Alors que Jésus se promenait en enseignant et en guérissant, il a appelé les gens à commencer à le suivre. Une fois, alors qu'il se promenait au bord du lac appelé la mer de Galilée, il vit deux pêcheurs. Simon et son frère Andrew lançaient un filet dans le lac pour attraper du poisson. Jésus leur dit,

« Viens et suis-moi. Je ferai de vous des pêcheurs qui attraperont des gens.

Alors Simon et André laissèrent leurs filets et suivirent Jésus. Jésus a donné à Simon un autre nom : « Rocher ». En langue araméenne, ce nom s'appelle "Céphas" et en grec, il s'appelle "Pierre".

Alors que Jésus continuait à marcher au bord du lac, il vit deux autres frères. Jacques et Jean étaient les fils d'un homme appelé Zébédée. Ils étaient dans leur barque, préparant leurs filets pour pêcher. Jésus dit aux frères de venir avec lui. Ils laissèrent donc la barque et leur père, et ils suivirent Jésus.

jesus' calling
Jesus' Calling

Un autre jour, Jésus marchait au bord du lac. Il a vu le bureau des impôts là-bas et un collecteur d'impôts nommé Mathew Levi assis là. Jésus lui dit,

"suis-moi."

Alors Matthieu se leva et suivit Jésus.

Beaucoup de gens ont suivi Jésus. Ils étaient appelés disciples, c'est-à-direles personnes qui apprennent d'un enseignant. Parmi ses disciples, Jésus a choisi douze hommes et les a appelés apôtres. Le mot apôtre signifiequelqu'un qui est envoyé. Après les avoir formés, il leur a donné le pouvoir de guérir les gens.

alors il les a envoyés prêcher et guérir. Voici les noms des douze apôtres : Simon Pierre, Jacques et Jean (les fils de Zébédée), André, Philippe, Barthélemy, Matthieu, Thomas, Jacques fils d'Alphée, Thaddée, Simon le fanatique et Judas Iscariote. Judas Iscariot est celui qui plus tard a livré Jésus à ses ennemis.

Ceux qui sont devenus son corps : les saints apôtres

Voici maintenant une brève présentation des douze hommes qui, pendant trois ans, ont suivi Notre-Seigneur et qui, après l'Ascension de Jésus, ont marché sur les chemins qu'Il leur avait tracés.

Il s'agissait de brèves introductions, mais nous proposerons des articles sur chaque apôtre, y compris des profils de leur vie, depuis leur rencontre avec Jésus jusqu'au début de leur ministère, leurs voyages et se terminant par leur mort à côté des histoires de saint apôtre.

Vous trouverez des articles sur chaque apôtre et leur influence sur les gens dans les lieux où ils ont enseigné. Des prières pour leur intercession et des informations sur leur patronage vous seront également proposées.

Veuillez rester avec nous alors que nous continuons à apporterles Saints Apôtresà votre domicile.

Foire aux questions sur les saints apôtres

What are the Holy Apostles?

The Holy Apostles are a group of twelve men who, according to Christian tradition, were chosen by Jesus Christ as his closest followers and designated as the primary leaders of the early Christian Church. They are often referred to as the “Twelve” and are listed in the New Testament as Peter, James, John, Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, Judas son of James, and Judas Iscariot (who later betrayed Jesus). They are considered to be the foundation stones of the Christian Church and their teachings and writings form a major part of the New Testament.

Pourquoi Jésus avait-il 12 apôtres ?

The number twelve is significant in the Bible and is often associated with God’s authority and rule. The twelve tribes of Israel were the foundation of God’s chosen people, and the twelve gates of the New Jerusalem in the book of Revelation symbolize the entrance into the eternal kingdom of God. In this context, Jesus’ chosen twelve apostles is seen as a symbol of him establishing a new spiritual nation, with the apostles as the foundation.
In addition to the symbolic significance, Jesus also chose twelve apostles because it was a large enough group to spread his message and teachings throughout the region. As Jesus traveled and preached, the apostles helped him by preaching and spreading his message, and eventually by leading the early Christian church after Jesus’ death.
Also, the twelve apostles represent the twelve tribes of Israel, and Jesus was calling them to be the foundation of a new spiritual Israel, the Church, which would bring salvation to all people, not only to the Jews.

Comment le Saint-Esprit a-t-il inspiré les apôtres ?

The Holy Spirit is often associated with inspiration, guidance, and empowerment. According to the Bible, the Holy Spirit descended upon the apostles on the day of Pentecost, as described in the book of Acts. The apostles were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in tongues, which allowed them to spread the message of Jesus to people of many different languages.
The Holy Spirit is also believed to have inspired the apostles to write the books of the New Testament, which contains the teachings and message of Jesus. The Holy Spirit is also said to have given them the power to perform miracles and healings, which helped to confirm the truth of their message and attract people to the early Christian church.
Furthermore, the Holy Spirit is seen as the helper, guide, and counselor, and it is believed that the apostles were guided by the Holy Spirit in all of their actions, including the choice of new leaders, the resolution of disputes, and the establishment of the early Christian communities.
Overall, the Holy Spirit is believed to have played a crucial role in the apostles’ ministry, empowering them to spread the message of Jesus, write the New Testament, and establish the early Christian church.

Pourquoi Jésus avait-il besoin d'apôtres ?

Jesus needed apostles for several reasons.
First, Jesus needed followers and disciples to learn from him and to carry on his teachings after he was gone. The apostles were among Jesus’ closest followers and were with him during his ministry, learning from him and observing his teachings and miracles. They were also with him during his trial, crucifixion, and resurrection, which gave them first-hand knowledge of the events and teachings that would become the foundation of Christianity.
Second, Jesus needed the apostles to help him spread his message and teachings to a wider audience. Jesus traveled throughout the region during his ministry, but he could not reach everyone on his own. The apostles helped him by preaching and spreading his message to people in different towns and villages. They also helped him by performing miracles and healing, which helped to attract people to Jesus’ message and teachings.
Third, Jesus needed the apostles to lead the early Christian church after his death. Jesus knew that he would not be able to stay with his followers forever and that they would need leaders to guide them in his absence. The apostles were chosen by Jesus to take on this role and lead the early Christian church.
Lastly, Jesus chose the apostles to be the foundation of the new spiritual Israel, the Church, which would bring salvation to all people, not only to the Jews. The twelve apostles represented the twelve tribes of Israel, and Jesus was calling them to be the foundation of a new spiritual Israel, the Church, which would bring salvation to all people, not only to the Jews.
In summary, Jesus needed the apostles to be his closest followers, to spread his message and teachings, to lead the early Christian church, and to be the foundation of the new spiritual Israel.

Sources

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