Saint James Son of Zebedee

saint james son of zebedee

Saint Jacques le Majeur

According to the New Testament, James the Great, also known as James son of Zebedee or Saint James the Greater, was one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles and part of His inner circle.

Un deJames Facts is that according to Catholic tradition, Apostle James spread Christianity in Spain.

Il a été décapité à Jérusalem en 44 et sa dépouille a ensuite été transportée en Galice dans un bateau de pierre jusqu'au site de la cathédrale de Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle.

Patron saints are not unique to Roman Catholicism, but also to Eastern Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and some branches of Islam.

The patron saint of pilgrims and Spain is St James the Greater, Son of Zebedee.

St James the Greater was one of Jesus Christ’s disciples and was thought to be his cousin by the Virgin Mary’s sister, and the brother of St Jude Thaddée.

He shared a fishing boat with his brother John, his father Zebedee, and his partner Simon. John and James were disciples of John the Baptist and, later, of Jesus.

When Jesus called James and his brother John to be “pêcheurs d'hommes”, ils ont laissé leur vie de pêcheurs. Il était l'un des disciples de Jésus jusqu'à ce qu'ilcrucifié par les Romains.

lucas cranach the elder, saint james the greater, woodcut, rosenwald collection, 1952.8.219
"Lucas Cranach the Elder, Saint James the Greater, woodcut, Rosenwald Collection, 1952.8.219"

Birth/Origins

According to Christian myth, James was born in Galilee around the year 5 BC. His parents appear to have been well-to-do. His father, Zebedee, was a Sea of Galilee fisherman who probably lived in or near Bethsaida, possibly in Capharnaum, and had some boatmen or hired men.

Sa mère, Salomé, était l'une des femmes pieuses qui plus tard suivirent le Christ et « lui donnèrent le ministère de leur substance ».

Son frère étaitJean l'Apôtre, who, according to Christian tradition, was the only Apostle who did not die as a martyr and is the author of several New Testament books. According to the Church Fathers, his brother is the same person as John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, and the Beloved Disciple.

En raison de leur personnalité impulsive, les deux frères ont été surnommés « Boanerges » (« Fils du tonnerre ») et ont été parmi les premiers disciples à rejoindre Jésus-Christ.

Selon les évangiles synoptiques, Jacques et Jean étaient dans un bateau avec leur père réparant leurs filets lorsque Jésus les a appelés à le suivre.

James était l'un des trois élus qui ont été témoins de la Transfiguration (métamorphose), de la fille ressuscitée de Jaïrus et de l'agonie à Gethsémani.

Achievements

St James, ou St Lago comme il est orthographié en espagnol, est aussi le grand patron militaire de l'Espagne. Cependant, sa mission de défendre l'Église chrétienne contre les envahisseurs a été reportée jusqu'après sa mort.

Au cours de la célèbre bataille de Clavijo, il est apparu à l'improviste sur un destrier blanc laiteux, brandissant un étendard blanc et menant les chrétiens à la victoire.

This manifestation occurred in response to the soldiers’ use of his name as the battle cry on that particular day, “Sant lago!” As a result, the ancient city of Santiago was named after him, and the cathedral was built in his honor.

saint paul the apostle church (westerville, ohio) - stained glass, arcade, saint james the greater
Saint Paul the Apostle Church (Westerville, Ohio) - stained glass, arcade, Saint James the Greater

Life Lessons

Malgré tout ce que Jacques a traversé en tant que disciple de Jésus, sonla foi est restée chancelante until the resurrection. When he and his brother asked Jesus for the honor of sitting beside him in glory, Jesus only promised them a share of his suffering (Mark 10:35; Mark 10:36; Mark 10:37; Mark 10:38; Mark 10:39; Mark 10:40; Mark 10:41; Mark 10:42; Mark 10:43; Mark 10:44; Mark 10:45).

They were discovering that the greatest calling of a Jesus follower is to serve others. Following Jesus Christ can lead to adversity, persecution, and even death, but the reward is eternal life with him in heaven.

Travels

Un texte apocryphe connu sous le nom d'Évangile des Douze suggérait au premier siècle que lorsque le Saint-Esprit descendit sur les apôtres à la Pentecôte (Actes 2), ils étaient chacun habilités à parler la langue du peuple qu'ils étaient appelés à atteindre (comme le Tour de Babel, mais à l'envers). Jacques parlait le latin, qui était principalement parlé dans la moitié ouest de l'Empire romain.

Cependant, ce n'est que des centaines d'années plus tard que quelqu'un a suggéré à James de se rendre en Espagne.

Un texte connu sous le nom de Bréviaire des Apôtres, écrit au VIe siècle, affirmait que Jacques avait propagé l'évangile en Espagne et avait été enterré quelque part près de la mer, à l'ouest de l'Espagne.

Cette affirmation a été répétée dans des poèmes, des hymnes, des biographies et des commentaires aux VIIe et VIIIe siècles. Au début du IXe siècle, une étoile brillante aurait guidé un berger jusqu'au tombeau de Saint-Jacques en Galice, dans ce qui est aujourd'hui connu sous le nom de Saint-Jacques-de-Compostelle.

Pour ce faire, Jacques aurait dû quitter Jérusalem pour évangéliser l'Espagne, puis revenir à Jérusalem pour être exécuté en 44 après JC, puis faire transporter ses restes en Espagne pour y être enterrés.

At the time, this legend was widely accepted, and the burial site became one of the most popular Christian pilgrimages. However, most modern scholars have found little evidence to support James’ ministry in Spain or his alleged burial there.

Même Paul le fait paraître moins crédible. Dans Romains 15, dit-il,

“It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was unknown so that I would not be building on someone else’s foundation” (Romans 15:20),

and he plans to go to Spain next (Romans 15:23; Romans 15:24).

Personne n'a apporté l'évangile en Espagne, mais il serait étrange que Paul dise,

"Je préfère aller là où personne n'a répandu l'évangile auparavant, c'est pourquoi je vais là où James est allé."

The majority of scholars believe James never made it to Spain. He died in Jerusalem, early in the Christian movement. This Spanish missionary journey was not mentioned again until the sixth century, and the discovery of his burial site was simply too fantastical. Despite its mythical origins, this pilgrimage, known as the Camino de Santiago, has remained popular to this day.

lucas cranach the elder, saint james the greater
Lucas Cranach the Elder, Saint James the Greater

Saint Jacques avec Jésus

Jacques était l'un des apôtres qui cherchaient le pouvoir et l'autorité sur les autres, ce que Jésus a réprimandé :

“And Zebedee’s sons, James and John, come to him, saying, “Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatever we shall desire.” And he said to them, “What do you want me to do for you?” They said to him, “Grant us a seat in thy glory, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left.”

(Matthew 10:35; Matthew 10:36; Matthew 10:37; Matthew 10:38; Matthew 10:39; Matthew 10:40)

Jésus profite de cette occasion pour réitérer sa leçon sur la façon dont une personne qui veut être « grande » dans le royaume de Dieu doit apprendre à être la « moindre » ici sur terre, servant tous les autres et faisant passer leurs besoins et leurs désirs avant les siens.

Non seulement Jacques et Jean sont réprimandés pour avoir cherché leur gloire, mais le reste des disciples est également réprimandé pour en être jaloux.

C'est l'une des rares fois dans la Bible où Jésus est cité comme ayant beaucoup à dire sur le pouvoir politique. Il se concentre la plupart du temps sur les questions religieuses. Au chapitre 8, il met en garde contre la tentation du « levain des pharisiens… et du levain d'Hérode », mais en ce qui concerne les détails, il s'est toujours concentré sur les problèmes des pharisiens.

st. james, son of zebedee
Statue de Saint Jacques, fils de Zébédée

Arrest

James was not the first Christian martyr, as Stephen was, who was stoned to death in Acts 7:54; Acts 7:55; Acts 7:56; Acts 7:57; Acts 7:58; Acts 7:59 Acts 7:60. James died as a result of being beheaded, as recorded in the Book of Acts (Acts 12:1; Acts 12:2; Acts 12:3): “About that time, Herod laid violent hands on some of the church’s members.” He killed James, John’s brother, with the sword, and when he saw that it pleased the Jews, he arrested Peter as well.

C'était pendant la période des pains sans levain. En conséquence, l'apôtre Jacques fut le premier à mourir en martyr. Un seul apôtre, ironiquement, a échappé à la mort pour sa foi, et c'était son frère, l'apôtre Jean.

The Death of James

Les martyrs et les confesseurs sont les deux types de saints. Un martyr chrétien est quelqu'un qui est exécuté pour ses croyances chrétiennes. Les confesseurs sont des personnes décédées de causes naturelles.

In 44 AD, King Herod Agrippa I captured and beheaded James for heresy after he made the perilous journey back to Jerusalem to pay his respects. Even though James died in Jerusalem, his ashes were returned to his beloved Galicia, and a church was built over them. This was the beginning of Santiago de Compostela’s cathedral, and the body of St. James is said to be buried there to this day.

artus wolffort saint james the greater reading e1592421579565
Saint James the Greater

Key Takeaway

Parce qu'il était l'un des apôtres les plus francs, et étant donné quele roi Hérode killed James, it could have been James’ proclivity to speak boldly for Christ and speak against the evil that Herod was well known for. In any case, the Apostle James was completely transformed by the power of the Holy Spirit.

He was impulsive, outspoken, easily provoked to anger, and highly impulsive, and had a so-called “hair trigger” at one time, but like John, who became known as “the apostle whom Jesus loved” (John 13:23), he became a new creation in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17) and was forever changed, and today is one of the 12 apostles who will rule or judge the 12 tribes of Israel in God’s coming kingdom (Matthew 19:28). That was the Apostle, James.

Summary

Jacques était l'un des douze premiers disciples. Lorsque Jésus convoqua les frères, Jacques et Jean étaient pêcheurs sur la mer de Galilée avec leur père Zébédée. Ils ont tout de suite quitté leur père et leurs affaires pour suivre le jeune rabbin. Parce que James est toujours mentionné en premier, il était probablement l'aîné des deux frères.

Jesus invited James, John, and Peter three times to witness events that no one else witnessed: the raising of Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Mark 5:37; Mark 5:38; Mark 5:39; Mark 5:40; Mark 5:41; Mark 5:42; Mark 5:43; Mark 5:44; Mark 5:45; Mark 5:46; Mark 5:47), the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1; Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:3), and Jesus’ agony in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36; Matthew 26:37).

james the greater apostle hajdudorog frame
James the Greater Apostle Hajdudorog Frame

Mais James n'était pas au-dessus de faire des gaffes. Lorsqu'un village samaritain a rejeté Jésus, lui et Jean ont souhaité invoquer le feu du ciel. En conséquence, ils ont été surnommés « Boanerges » ou « fils du tonnerre ». La mère de Jacques et Jean est allée trop loin lorsqu'elle a demandé à Jésus de donner à ses fils des positions spéciales dans son royaume.

En raison de sa dévotion à Jésus, Jacques fut le premier des douze apôtres à être martyrisé. Sur ordre du roi Hérode Agrippa Ier de Judée, il fut tué par l'épée vers 44 après JC, dans le cadre de la persécution générale de l'église primitive.

Dans le Nouveau Testament, il y a deux autres hommes nommés Jacques : Jacques, le fils d'Alphée, un autre des apôtres choisis du Christ, et Jacques, le frère du Seigneur, un dirigeant de l'église de Jérusalem et auteur du livre de Jacques.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is James in the Bible?

James was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. He is sometimes referred to as James the Greater to distinguish him from James, son of Alphaeus, who is also known as James the Lesser. James was martyred under King Herod Agrippa I in 44 AD. According to tradition, his remains were later brought to Spain, where they are now enshrined in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

What miracles did Saint James the Greater perform?

The Book of Acts records that James performed a number of miracles, including healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out demons. He was also responsible for bringing one of the first Gentile converts to Christianity, converted following a vision of Jesus.

Why is the scallop shell the symbol of St James?

There are a couple of different theories out there as to why the scallop shell is the symbol of James. One theory says that because James’s feast day falls on July 25th, which is also the feast day of Saint Helena (the mother of Constantine), scallops were traditionally eaten on her feast day. James was traditionally represented holding a pilgrim’s staff and shell in early Christian iconography, so it’s possible that the connection between him and the shell dates back to this early religious symbolism.
Another theory is that during the Middle Ages, pilgrims would often pick up shells as souvenirs from their travels to Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain, where James is said to be buried.

Where is the tomb of St James?

The tomb of St. James is located in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain. It is said to contain the remains of the apostle James the Greater, who is believed to have been martyred in Jerusalem in AD 44. Santiago de Compostela was a major pilgrimage destination in the Middle Ages, and the tomb of St. James was highly venerated by pilgrims. The tomb is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What is Saint James the Greater known for?

There are many things Saint James the Greater is known for, but perhaps chief among them is his zealousness for spreading the gospel. For James, there was no such thing as too much evangelism; he was always looking for ways to reach more people with the good news of Jesus Christ. This attitude led him to adopt some fairly unorthodox methods, such as going into enemy territory to preach the gospel or traveling to remote regions that had never heard of Christianity. His boldness and commitment earned him a reputation as one of the most effective evangelists of his era.

What is St James the Greater symbol?

St. James the Greater is a symbol of faith and devotion. He was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ and his feast day is celebrated on July 25. According to legend, St. James led the Christian army to victory against the Muslims in Spain. Because of this, he is also known as Santiago Matamoros (Saint James the Moor slayer). Today, devotees of St. James wear a scallop shell badge as a sign of their pilgrimage to his shrine in Compostela, Spain. The scallop shell also serves as a reminder that we are all called to be pilgrims on our journey through life, seeking after God with all our heart, mind, soul, and strength.

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