Jude, Thaddeus, or Lebbeus, son of Alpheus or Cleophas and Mary. He was James the Younger’s younger brother. St. Jude the Apostle lived in Galilee and was one of the lesser-known Apostles. According to legend, he preached in Assyria and Persia and died as a martyr in Persia.
Jude was dubbed “Trinomious” by Jerome, which translates as “a man with three names”. In Marc 3:18, he is referred to as Thaddeus. In Matthieu 10:3, he is referred to as Lebbeus. Thaddeus was his surname. He is referred to as Judas the brother of Saint James the Less in Luke 6:16etActes 1:13.
Judas Thaddeus was also known as Judas the Zealot. He was a ferocious and violent nationalist who aspired to world power and dominance for the Chosen People. According to the New Testament (John 14:22), at the Last Supper, he asked Jesus,
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"Mais Seigneur, pourquoi as-tu l'intention de te montrer à nous et non au monde ?"
Judas Thaddée était désireux de faire connaître le Christ au reste du monde. Cependant, non pas en tant que Sauveur souffrant, mais en tant que Roi au pouvoir. La réponse que Jésus lui a donnée montre clairement que la voie du pouvoir ne peut jamais se substituer à la voie de l'amour.
On dit que Jude se rendit à Édesse, près de l'Euphrate, pour prêcher l'évangile. Il a guéri beaucoup de gens là-bas, et beaucoup de gens croyaient au nom du Maître.
Jude then went on to preach the Gospel in other places. At Ararat, he was killed with arrows. The ship was chosen as his symbol because he was a missionary who was mistaken for a fisherman.
Birth & Early Life
Saint Jude est né dans une famille juive à Paneas, une ville galiléenne qui a été reconstruite par les Romains et rebaptisée Césarée de Philippe. Comme presque tous ses contemporains dans cette région, il était très probablement un agriculteur qui parlait à la fois grec et araméen.
Saint Jude était le fils de Clopas et de Marie, la cousine de la Vierge Marie. Selon la légende, le père de Jude, Clopas, a été assassiné pour sa dévotion franche et franche au Christ ressuscité.
The apostle Jude was one of Jesus’ 12 Apostles, and his symbol is a club. A flame around Jude’s head is often depicted in images of him, representing his presence at Pentecost, when he accepted the Holy Spirit alongside the other apostles. Another feature is St. Jude holding a representation of Christ in the Image of Edessa.
Il est parfois représenté avec une règle de charpentier ou un rouleau ou un livre, peut-être l'Épître de Jude. Les spécialistes de la Bible s'accordent à dire queJude was the son of Clopas, et sa mère Marie était une cousine de la Vierge Marie.
Selon des écrivains anciens, Jude a prêché l'Évangile en Judée, en Samarie, en Idumée, en Syrie, en Mésopotamie et en Lybie. Il retourna à Jérusalem en l'an 62, selon Eusèbe, et assista à l'élection de son frère, saint Siméon, comme évêque de Jérusalem.
Jude était celui qui a demandé à Jésus lors de la dernière Cène pourquoi il n'apparaîtrait pas au monde entier après sa résurrection. On ne sait rien d'autre de sa vie.
According to legend, he visited Beirut and Edessa and may have been martyred alongside St. Simon in Persia.
Il est l'auteur d'une épître (lettre) aux Églises orientales, en particulier aux juifs convertis, abordant les hérésies des Simoniens, des Nicolaïtes et des Gnostiques. Bien que saint Grégoire l'Illuminateur soit connu comme « l'apôtre des Arméniens », les apôtres Jude et Barthélemy sont crédités d'avoir amené le christianisme en Arménie, où Jude a ensuite été martyrisé.
Travels and Missionary
St. Jude Thaddeus accompanied St. Simon on his journey through Libya, Turkey, Persia, and Mesopotamia. They worked together to spread the gospel and convert many people to Christianity. He is widely credited with helping to establish the Armenian Church and other congregations outside of the Roman Empire.
St. Jude a écrit une lettre aux chrétiens nouvellement convertis de l'Église orientale qui étaient persécutés en 60 après JC. Dans sa lettre, il les a avertis de se méfier des faux enseignants des temps modernes qui répandaient de faux enseignements sur le christianisme. Il les a encouragés à persévérer et à rester fermes dans leur foi face aux dures réalités auxquelles ils étaient confrontés.
Death & Martyrdom
Despite the widespread persecution of Christians at the time, St. Jude Thaddeus stood firm in his beliefs and eventually paid the price for his faith. He is thought to have been martyred in Persia or Syria around the year 65 A.D. In religious art, he is frequently depicted holding an axe or a club, which represents how he was martyred.
Après sa mort, le corps de l'apôtre a été amené à Rome et inhumé dans une crypte sous la basilique Saint-Pierre. Ses reliques sont aujourd'hui conservées dans le transept gauche de la basilique Saint-Pierre, sous le maître-autel de Saint-Joseph, dans un tombeau à côté de l'apôtre Simon le Zélote.
De nombreux fidèles visitent encore le site en signe de respect et d'admiration. Saint Jude Thaddée est connu commele saint patron des causes désespérées et des situations désespéréesà cause de sa foi inébranlable.
What is his Legacy?
Il prêcha l'Évangile avec zèle, souvent dans les circonstances les plus difficiles. Il a fait une différence significative dans la vie des gens en leur offrant la Parole de Dieu par la puissance du Saint-Esprit. Selon l'Évangile, saint Jude était un frère de saint Jacques le mineur, qui était aussi apôtre.
Dévotion à Saint Jude aujourd'hui
Jude is now regarded as a saint by Christians of various denominations, particularly Roman Catholics, Orthodox, and Anglicans. Saints – God’s holy men and women both on earth and in heaven – are regarded as models of how to follow Jesus Christ and as “intercessors” in the Catholic tradition (and others) of Christianity. Because the saints in heaven live fully in God’s presence while remaining bound to those on earth by love bonds, they present our needs to God.
Prière de Saint Jude
A popular Roman Catholic prayer to Jude is:
The Novena – a prayer said nine days in a row:
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Jude is said to have preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Libya. He is also said to have visited Beirut and Edessa, though the latter mission is credited to Thaddeus of Edessa, one of the Seventy. He is said to have died as a martyr alongside Simon the Zealot in Persia. Nicephorus Callistus, a fourteenth-century writer, makes Jude the bridegroom at the wedding at Cana.
Bien que saint Grégoire l'Illuminateur soit considéré comme « l'apôtre des Arméniens » lorsqu'il baptisa le roi Tiridate III d'Arménie en 301 après J. l'Arménie et sont donc vénérés comme les saints patrons de l'Église apostolique arménienne. Le monastère de Thaddée est associé à cette tradition.
To read more about Saint Jude, then please read the story of St Jude.
Characteristics of Saint Jude Thaddeus (also known as Judas (but not Judas the Betrayer), son of James and Lebbaeus): Thaddeus (also referred to as Saint Jude in the Catholic church) is believed to have been the nickname or surname of Judas. There is some confusion about whether Thaddeus was the brother or son of James, but it is known that they were related.
Thaddeus is known as a disciple of three names, being that he is referred to as Thaddeus, Judas, and Lebbaeus. Thaddeus was not a leader of the twelve disciples, and he is not mentioned often throughout The Bible. According to the characteristics of the 12 apostles, little is known about the character, life, and ministry of Thaddaeus. The New Testament records only one event involving Thaddeus: his question to Jesus during a message to the disciples after the Dernière Cène:
Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him,
“Lord, what then has happened that You are going to disclose Yourself to us and not to the world?”
Jesus answered and said to him,
“If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him”
The Gospel of John tells us that Jesus’ brothers encouraged him to go perform miracles in Judea, and it suggests a reason why they wanted him to go:
Jesus’ brothers said to him, Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the works you do. No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world. For even his brothers did not believe in him. John 7:35
One of those brothers who didn’t believe in Jesus may have been Jude. At this point in the gospel narrative, Jesus had already performed many miracles and called his disciples. So it would be a little odd for Jesus to be this far along in his ministry and still have a disciple who didn’t believe in him.
It is worth noting, though, Jesus had at least four brothers, and John doesn’t specifically say that all of them didn’t believe in him. So it’s possible that his brother Judas believed, but the others didn’t. It is also possible that Jesus’s brother Judas wasn’t the same person as Judas.
The Golden Legenda thirteenth-century text containing biographies of saints records that Judas started preaching in Mesopotamia, then partnered with Simon, the Zealot:
We also know that Thaddeus, like other disciples, preached the gospel in the years following the death of Jesus. Tradition holds that he preached in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Libya, possibly alongside Simon the Zealot. Church tradition holds that Thaddeus founded a church in Edessa and was crucified there as a martyr.
Thaddeus learned the gospel directly from Jesus and loyally served Christ despite hardship and persecution. He preached as a missionary following Jesus’ resurrection. He may have penned the book of Jude. The final two verses of Jude contain a doxology, or “expression of praise to God,” considered the finest in the New Testament.
Intense and Curious
In John 14:22, Thaddeus asked Jesus, Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large? This question uncovered a few things about Thaddeus. Number one, Thaddeus was comfortable in his relationship with Jesus, enough to stop the Lord in the middle of his teaching to ask a question.
Thaddeus was curious to know why Jesus would reveal himself to the disciples but not to the whole world. This demonstrated that Thaddeus had a compassionate heart for the world. He wanted everyone to know Jesus.
Around the year 60 A.D., St. Jude wrote a Gospel letter to recent Christian converts in Eastern churches which were under persecution. In it, he warned them against the pseudo-teachers of the day who were spreading false ideas about the early Christian faith.
He encouraged them to persevere in the face of the harsh, difficult circumstances they were in, just as their forefathers had done before them. He urged them to keep their faith and to stay in the love of God as they had been taught. His inspirational support of these early believers led to him becoming the patron saint of desperate cases.
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Thaddeus was also called Judas the Zealot and was a very enthusiastic and intense individual. The only incident recorded of Judas is in John 14:22, where during Christ’s address to the disciples after the last supper he put the question.
Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, Lord, what then has happened that You will disclose Yourself to us, and not to the world?
Jesus answered and said to him, If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him, and make Our abode with him. He who does not love Me does not keep My words, and the word you hear is not Mine, but the Fathers who sent Me.
He seems to have been a follower who needed to fall in love with his Lord.
St. Jude, known as Thaddaeus, was a brother of St. James the Less and a relative of Our Saviour. He was one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus, and his attribute is a club. Images of St. Jude often include a flame around his head, which represents his presence at Pentecost when he accepted the Holy Spirit alongside the other apostles. Another attribute is St. Jude holding an image of Christ in the Image of Edessa.
Sometimes he can also be seen holding a carpenter’s ruler or is depicted with a scroll or book, the Epistle of Jude.
Biblical scholars agree St. Jude was a son of Clopas, and his mother Mary was the Virgin Mary’s cousin. Ancient writers tell us that he preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Lybia. According to Eusebius, he returned to Jerusalem in the year 62 and assisted his brother, St. Simeon, as Bishop of Jerusalem.
Facts about Saint Jude Thaddeus, Jude is known as Jude, Thaddeus, and Lebbaeus, this article shares in-depth facts about how the apostle Jude lived in obscurity as one of the Twelve. He did ask Jesus a question in John 14:22,
“Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large?”
Jude seemed overly concerned with this question. Christ responded by saying He would reveal Himself to anyone who loved Him. The earliest tradition says that Judas, son of James, a few years after Pentecost, took the gospel north to Edessa. There he healed the King of Edessa, Abgar. Eusebius the historian said the archives at Edessa contained the visit of Jude and the healing of Abgar (the records have now been destroyed).
Facts and Symbol
The traditional symbol of Jude is a club and tradition says he was clubbed to death for his faith.
History refers to Jude under a couple of different names. He was called Judas, though we tend to shorten it to Jude to distance him from the other Judas, Thaddeus, or Labels.
Jude’s symbol is a ship because he was known for his missionary voyages. Tradition states that he traveled with Simon the Zealot on his missionary journeys.
Artists also represent Jude with the symbol of an axe. Traditional sources claim that Jude was killed in Beirut by beheading with an axe.
After he was killed, his body was delivered to Rome.
Definitely not Judas Iscariot
Depending on the translation you use, you may see Jude listed as Jude or Judas. These are two variations of the same Greek name, which is derived from the Hebrew and Aramaic name, Judah.
Some scholars believe “Jude” first worked its way into our English translations to help avoid confusion with Judas Iscariote, whose name practically became a synonym for a traitor in art, literature, and popular culture.
A man named Judas—presumably Jude the apostle—appears in John 14:22, and John makes a point of telling us this is not Judas Iscariot.
Most other languages use a single name for both of these disciples and let their descriptions make the distinction.
Miracles or Help Provided by Saint Jude Thaddeus
Many people report that Saint Jude helped them. Some people call this help miracles.
This includes but is not limited to cures for diseases, improved family situation, better health, job opportunities, family problems solved, success in school, and improvement of finances.
Jude AKA Thaddeus
In two of the lists of apostles, Jude appears to be referred to as Thaddeus (Matthew 10:2; Matthieu 10:3; Matthew 10:4; Mark 3:16; Marc 3:17; Marc 3:18; Mark 3:19). Since these two names appear in about the same place in the lists, and the other names are consistent, church tradition (and most modern scholars) have always assumed Thaddeus was a nickname for Jude of James.
Since the name Judas had such strong negative associations in the early church, it wouldn’t be surprising if Jude preferred to go by another name, or if Matthew and Mark used the nickname to avoid confusion.
Did Jude the Apostle Write the Epistle of Jude?
Most traditions assume Jude the Apostle wrote the Epistle of Jude because they assume he’s the same person as Jesus’ brother Jude. But unfortunately, Jude was a super common name, and this relies on assumptions. Today’s scholars have mixed opinions on Jude’s authorship.
How is He Honored in the Catholic Church Today?
The Order of the Dominicans began working in Armenia in the 12th century, where St. Jude was already very prominent in Christian circles. The continued impact of the Dominicans carried over into the Americas, centering in North America around Chicago. The Chicago Police Department has made him their patron saint, as well as several soccer teams around the world.
Jude of James
“Jude of James” is one of the least-known members of the Twelve. He may have been one of Jesus’ brothers. He may have been the author of the Epistle of Jude. Or not. He had a common name, and the only description we have just links him to another common name.
But regardless of who he was and where he went, what we do know is that one of Jude Thaddeus facts is that Jesus called him, he followed, and he played a role at the beginning of a tiny movement that became the world’s largest religion.
Facts about Saint Jude Veneration
According to tradition, after his martyrdom, pilgrims came to his grave to pray and many of them experienced the powerful intercessions of St. Jude. Thus, the title, ‘The Saint for the Hopeless and the Despaired’. St. Bridget of Sweden and St. Bernard had visions from God asking each to accept St. Jude as ‘The Patron Saint of the Impossible’.
The feast day of St. Jude is the 28th of October (Roman Catholic Church, Episcopal Church, and Lutheran Church) and 19 June and 21 August (Eastern Orthodox Church).
The Order of Preachers (better known as the Dominicans) began working in present-day Armenia soon after their founding in 1216. At that time, there was already a substantial devotion to Saint Jude by both Catholic and Orthodox Christians in the area.
This lasted until persecution drove Christians from the area in the 18th century. Devotion to Saint Jude began again in earnest in the 19th century, starting in Italy and Spain, spreading to South America, and finally to the United States (starting in the vicinity of Chicago) owing to the influence of the Claretians and the Dominicans in the 1920s.
Among some Roman Catholics, Saint Jude is venerated as the “patron saint of lost causes“. This practice stems from the belief that few Christians invoked him for misplaced fear of praying to Christ’s betrayer, Judas Iscariot, because of their similar names.
The ignored Jude thus supposedly became quite eager to assist anyone who sought his help, to the point of interceding in the direst of circumstances. The Church also wanted to encourage veneration of this “forgotten” apostle and maintained that Saint Jude would intercede in any lost cause to prove his sanctity and zeal for Christ.
Another of the Jude Thaddeus Facts is that he is the patron saint of the Chicago Police Department, of Clube de Regatas, do Flamengo (a soccer team in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and of St Jude’s GAA team based in Southampton & Bournemouth (UK).
His other patronages include desperate situations and hospitals. One of his namesakes is St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, which has helped many children with terminal illnesses and their families since its founding in 1962.
Facts about Saint Jude Reflection
As in the case of all the apostles except for Peter, James, and John, we are faced with men who are really unknown, and we are struck by the fact that their holiness is simply taken to be a gift of Christ.
He chose some unlikely people: a former Zealot, a former (crooked) tax collector, an impetuous fisherman, two “sons of thunder,” and a man named Judas Iscariot.
It is a reminder that we cannot receive too often. Holiness does not depend on human merit, culture, personality, effort, or achievement. It is entirely God’s creation and gift.
God needs no Zealots to bring about the kingdom by force. Jude, like all the saints, is the saint of the impossible: Only God can create his divine life in human beings. And God wills to do so, for all of us.
To conclude the Jude Thaddeus Facts, Thaddeus (also known as Judas (but not Judas the Betrayer), son of James and Lebbaeus): Thaddeus (also referred to as Saint Jude in the Catholic church) is believed to have been the nickname or surname of Judas.
There is some confusion as to whether Thaddeus was the brother or son of James but it is known that they were related. Thaddeus is known as a disciple of three names being that he is referred to as Thaddeus, Judas, and Lebbaeus.
Saint Jude, également connu sous le nom de Saint Jude Thaddeus, est vénéré comme le saint patron des causes désespérées dans le monde entier. Il était un cousin de Jésus-Christ et l'un des douze apôtres. Il prêcha l'Évangile avec courage, souvent dans les circonstances les plus difficiles.
Saint Jude est souvent représenté portant une représentation de Jésus. Selon la tradition, cela rappelle un miracle dans lequel un roi atteint de la lèpre a été guéri après que saint Jude lui ait donné un tissu qui avait été pressé contre le visage du Christ.
De nombreuses personnes dans le besoin ont prié saint Jude à travers les âges. Sainte Brigitte de Suède a déclaré qu'elle avait été dirigée dans une vision pour prier saint Jude avec une foi et une confiance profondes.
"Par son nom de famille, Thaddée, l'aimable ou l'aimant, Saint Jude se montrera le plus disposé à aider",
elle a affirmé que Christ lui avait dit.
Aujourd'hui, Saint Jude reste l'un des saints les plus populaires et les plus aimés, un intercesseur céleste pour tous ceux qui cherchent l'aide de Dieu en période de crise familiale, de maladie et de trouble, surtout lorsque tout espoir semble perdu.
#1. What is the Greek name for Thaddeus?
#2. Apostle Jude was the traditional author of what epistle?
#3. Saint Jude is the patron saint of desperate cases and lost causes in what church?
#4. By what other name is Jude known or called?
#5. Where is the Nationwide Center of Saint Jude Devotions located?
#6. The devotion to Jude as the patron saint of desperate causes started during what century?
#7. Which is the Saint Jude Symbol?
#8. Where did Jude die?
#9. Where was Jude born?
#dix. What is Saint Jude known for?