Saint Matthieu est largement considéré comme l'auteur de l'Évangile de Matthieu. Quand Jésus convoqua Matthieu,il était collecteur d'impôts(ou publicain), l'une des professions les plus méprisées du judaïsme ancien.
Le 16 novembre, les églises catholiques orientales et orthodoxes commémorent saint Matthieu, ainsi que saint Fulvianus, un prince qui se serait converti du paganisme aprèsLe martyre de Matthieu. The Gospel accounts of Mark and Luke, like Matthew’s, describe Jesus’ encounter with Matthew in the unexpected context of Matthew’s tax-collecting duties.
Parce qu'ils travaillaient pour la puissance occupante et gagnaient souvent leur vie en collectant plus que ce qui était dû à l'État, les publicains juifs qui percevaient des impôts au nom des dirigeants romains de la Judée du premier siècle étaient vilipendés et même détestés par leurs communautés.
Saint Matthieu est unfigure du Nouveau Testament étonnamment obscure, with only a few mentions in the gospels. Even though the church has long held him to be the author of the Gospel of Matthew, little else is known about him.
Alors que Matthieu est connu comme un martyr, personne ne sait où ni comment il est mort. Divers récits affirment qu'il a été décapité, lapidé, brûlé ou poignardé ; on prétend même qu'il est mort naturellement, tout comme John.
Lévi, le fils d'Alphée, était un Galiléen du 1er siècle (vraisemblablement né en Galilée, qui ne faisait pas partie de la Judée ou de la province romaine de Judée), selon les Évangiles. Il aurait parlé couramment l'araméen et le grec en tant que collecteur d'impôts. Ses compatriotes juifs l'auraient méprisé pour avoir prétendument collaboré avec les occupants romains.
Suite à sa convocation, Matthieu invita Jésus chez lui pour un festin. Lorsque les scribes et les pharisiens virent cela, ils réprimandèrent Jésus pour avoir mangé avec des collecteurs d'impôts et des pécheurs. Cela a poussé Jésus à répondre : « Je ne suis pas venu appeler les justes, mais les pécheurs à la repentance.
Life With Jesus
Le même jour où Jésus a invité Matthieu à le suivre, Matthieu a organisé une grande fête d'adieu dans sa maison de Capharnaüm, invitant également ses amis à rencontrer Jésus. Au lieu de collecter des impôts, Matthieu a commencé à collecter des âmes pour le royaume de Dieu.
Matthieu, malgré son passé de péché, était particulièrement qualifié pour être un disciple. Il tenait des registres méticuleux et était un observateur attentif des gens. Il faisait attention aux moindres détails. Ces caractéristiques se sont avérées utiles lorsqu'il a écrit l'Évangile de Matthieu quelque 20 ans plus tard.
À première vue, le choix par Jésus d'un collecteur d'impôts comme l'un de ses plus proches disciples semblait scandaleux et offensant, étant donné que les collecteurs d'impôts étaient largement méprisés par les Juifs.
Néanmoins, des quatre évangélistes, Matthieu a présenté Jésus aux Juifs comme le Messie tant attendu, adaptant son récit pour répondre à leurs questions.
Matthieu était l'un des 12 disciples de Jésus-Christ. En tant que témoin oculaire du Sauveur, Matthieu a enregistré dans l'Évangile de Matthieu un récit détaillé de la vie de Jésus, l'histoire de sa naissance, son message et ses nombreuses actions. Il était aussi un missionnaire, répandant l'évangile dans d'autres pays.
Matthew a tenu des registres méticuleux. Il comprenait le cœur humain et les aspirations du peuple juif. Il était dévoué à Jésus et, une fois engagé, n'a jamais faibli dans sa dévotion au Seigneur.
Matthieu, en revanche, était un voleur avant de rencontrer Jésus. Il considérait l'argent comme la chose la plus importante dans la vie et violait les lois de Dieu pour s'enrichir aux dépens de ses compatriotes.
Matthieu s'est mis à diffuser le message après avoir terminé son évangile. On pense qu'il a visité la Syrie, les médias, la Perse, la Parthie et même l'Éthiopie.
According to Muslim exegesis, Saint MatthieuetSaint André were the two disciples who went to Ethiopia (not an African country, but a region called ‘Ethiopia’ south of the Caspian Sea) to preach God’s message.
L'évangile de Matthieu
One of the facts is that Matthew’s Gospel was placed at the very beginning of the New Testament. It was thought to be the first Gospel written, but we now know that the Gospel of Mark predates it. Because it is the Gospel most concerned with Judaism, it serves as an appropriate transition from the Old Testament to the New Testament in the Christian Bible.
Matthieu est devenu le texte évangélique le plus important pour les chrétiens des premier et deuxième siècles parce qu'il contient tous les éléments essentiels à l'église primitive : l'histoire de la conception miraculeuse de Jésus ; une explication de l'importance de la liturgie, de la loi, du discipulat et de l'enseignement ; et un récit de la vie et de la mort de Jésus. L'évangile de Matthieu a longtemps été considéré comme le plus important des quatre évangiles.
Alors que la tradition de l'église du IIe siècle soutient que Matthieu, un ancien collecteur d'impôts et l'un desTwelve Apostles, également connu sous le nom de Lévi, a écrit l'Évangile, les érudits soutiennent aujourd'hui qu'il n'y a aucune preuve claire de la paternité de Matthieu.
Parce que l'Évangile de Matthieu s'appuie fortement sur l'Évangile de Marc antérieur, ainsi que sur une tradition orale de la fin du premier siècle, il est peu probable que l'auteur de l'Évangile de Matthieu ait été un témoin oculaire de la vie du Christ.
Instead, the author was most likely a Jewish member of a learned community where study and teaching were fervent forms of piety, and the Gospel was most likely written between 80 and 90 A.D.
Il est difficile de dire comment Matthieu est mort, comme c'est le cas pour la plupart des apôtres. Sa mort fait l'objet de nombreux récits contradictoires. Selon les premiers documents, il a servi en Éthiopie (pas ce que nous considérons comme l'Éthiopie, mais une région au sud de la mer Caspienne), en Perse, en Macédoine et/ou en Syrie.
Héracléon, l'un des premiers commentateurs du Nouveau Testament, est cité par Clément d'Alexandrie comme disant que Matthieu est mort naturellement.
Aujourd'hui, la plupart des chercheurs ne soutiennent pas ce compte.
Tous les autres premiers comptes dela mort de Matthieudisent qu'il a été martyrisé, mais ils diffèrent sur comment et où cela s'est produit. Selon les premiers pères de l'église, il a été brûlé, lapidé, poignardé ou décapité à cause de sa religion.
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Clé à emporter
Le nom Matthieu signifie don de Dieu. Dans l'histoire de sa vocation, Mark et Luke l'appellent "Lévi". C'était peut-être son nom d'origine, et quand il est devenu disciple, Jésus lui a donné un nouveau nom. Il a également été proposé qu'il était simplement un membre de la tribu Lévite.
What is the definition and meaning of patron saints, and why were these individuals chosen to be patrons of causes, professions, and countries?
In Christian religions, including the Roman Catholic religion, the term “Patron” refers to holy and virtuous men and women who are regarded as defenders of a specific group of people or a country. There is a patron for virtually every cause, country, profession, or special interest. St. Matthew is the patron of accountants, bankers, bookkeepers, customs officers, money managers, stockbrokers, and tax collectors.
This article describes the characteristics of Apostle Matthew who was a tax collector for the Roman government, which made him detestable to the Jewish religious leaders. Jesus called him away from his post, and Matthew left immediately and held a dinner at his home. Matthew became a disciple, and later Jesus chose him as one of the apostles who would be part of the church foundation with Christ as the cornerstone.
According to the Characteristics of the 12 Apostles, the name Matthew appears only five times in the Bible, but he is also called Levi. There is no specific mention of ministry by him after Acts chapter 1. However, his gospel account has some very significant details about the Lord Jesus, fulfilled prophecy, miracles and signs, and validation of Christ’s bodily resurrection. Many other unique details in Matthew’s gospel can affirm faith in Christ Jesus, the Son of God.
Made the Most of a Bad Situation
The first characteristic of the 12 Apostles exemplified in the life of the apostle Matthew was making the most of a bad situation. Matthew’s home country Israel was under siege by the Roman Empire. He, like many others, could have thrown up his hands and moped and complained about the adverse circumstances, but he didn’t.
He chose to make the most of a horrible situation, even if it was at the expense of his fellow Jews. The point here is not to advocate living by situational ethics, but only to point out that Matthew demonstrated a positive attitude amid troubles.
Endured Ridicule and Scorn to Get What He Wanted
The second characteristic exemplified in Matthew’s life was perseverance, i.e., he was willing to endure ridicule and scorn to fulfill his desires. Of course, before he left everything to follow Jesus, Matthew was a dirty, nasty, money-grubbing scoundrel.
At first glance, one would think Jesus was crazy to choose him to be one of his disciples. But, on the positive side, Matthew had thick skin, for he was willing to endure ridicule and scorn from his fellow Jewish countrymen to get want he wanted.
He did not care about the opinions of an ordinary man. He did care about being popular with the in-crowd. He knew what he wanted and did whatever was necessary to have it despite the attitudes of others around him.
Became a Student of His Cause
The third characteristic of apostle Mathew was to become educated and knowledgeable in the desired pursuit. Matthew’s account of Jesus’ life is well-researched with important references to the Hebrew Scriptures (also known as the Old Testament in the Christian Bible).
Of course, Matthew had been an eyewitness of Jesus’ life, but as an educated Jew, Matthew knew that Jesus could only be the long-awaited Messiah if he fulfilled the Old Testament prophecies concerning the Messiah.
So, Matthew did not rest his belief in blind faith but rather studied to make sure this was the real thing. After he was sure it was the real thing, he circulated the account to others so that they too could be sure that Jesus was the Messiah.
Desired the Finer Things in Life
The fourth characteristic exemplified in the life of the apostle Matthew was a desire for the finer things in life. This desire is inherently seen in that Matthew was a money-grubbing tax collector for the Roman Empire. Yes, he was extorting his Jewish people to get rich and gain possessions, but in doing so, he shows that he wanted the best of life, and he was willing to do anything he could to have it.
Open-Minded and Teachable
The fifth characteristic exemplified in the life of this follower of Jesus was that he was open-minded and teachable. If proven wrong, he was willing to change course to go in a better direction.
Even though Matthew sacrificed everything, including his reputation, he was not closed-minded or locked into one path of life to gain what he wanted.
It seems he was constantly studying the horizon to find something better. And, when Jesus came along and called him to follow him, Matthew left everything behind, including his wealth, for something even more valuable.
Reconciled with Enemies to Fulfill a Greater Purpose
Another biblical attitude or characteristic exemplified in the life of Matthew was the willingness to reconcile with enemies to fulfill a greater cause. Matthew was a tax collector and a collaborator with the hated Roman occupiers; he seemed to think that survival came through cooperation.
Another of Jesus’ chosen apostles was Simon, the Zealot who hated the Romans with a passion to the point of violence and revolution. Before he was a follower of Jesus, Simon most certainly saw Matthew as an enemy of the nation of Israel, as a treasonous traitor.
Matthew probably didn’t love Simon le Zélote too much either. Yet, he was willing to reconcile with his enemy to fulfill the greater purpose of introducing the good news of Jesus Christ to the rest of the world.
Left a Legacy to Bless Generations after Him
The characteristic exemplified by Matthew is seen in his account of Jesus’ life. Matthew wanted to leave a positive legacy. So that others after him might also believe that Jesus was the Savior of the world, he left a written record of Jesus’ life and work. Matthew left a positive legacy behind to bless the generations after him.
His original name was Levi. He was the son of Alpheus, and his home was at Capernaum. His business was collecting dues and customs from persons and goods crossing the Sea of Galilee or passing along the great Damascus road, which ran along the shore between Bethsaida, Julius, and Capernaum.
Christ called him from this work to be His disciple. He appears to have been a man of wealth, for he made a great feast in his own house, perhaps to introduce his former companions and friends to Jesus. His business would tend to give him a knowledge of human nature, accurate business habits, and how to make a way to the hearts of many publicans and sinners not otherwise easily reached.
After the resurrection of Christ, he is mentioned only once in Acts, but he must have lived many years as an apostle since he was the author of the Gospel of Matthew, which was written at least twenty years later.
There is reason to believe that he remained for fifteen years in Jerusalem, after which he went as a missionary to the Persians, Parthians, and Medes. Tradition says that he died a martyr in Ethiopia.
Caractéristiques des ressources
Matthew The Apostle Facts prove Levi, the Son of Alphaeus, Matthew was a tax collector–the most despised people in all of Israel. They were known for making extra money from the people of Israel to pay off the Romans and to pad their own pockets. Then it happened that as Jesus was reclining at the table in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and were dining with Jesus and His disciples; for there were many of them, and they were following Him.
When the scribes of the Pharisees saw that He was eating with the sinners and tax collectors, they said to His disciples, why is He eating and drinking with tax collectors and sinners? And hearing this, Jesus said to them, it is not those who are healthy that need a physician, but those who are sick; I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners. (Mark 2:16)
As Jesus went on from there, He saw a man called Matthew, sitting in the tax collector’s booth; and He said to him, Follow Me! And he got up and followed Him. (Matthew 9:9)
Matthew The Apostle facts tell us that Matthew brought the gospel to Ethiopia and Egypt. Hyrcanus the king had him killed with a spear.
Facts and Symbols
One of the Matthew the Apostle facts is that St. Matthew, also called Levi, began following Jesus when he worked as a tax collector in Capernaum. Matthew was sitting in a tax booth, also called a customs house, and Jesus said to him, “Follow me.” Jesus immediately went to a house where he ate with tax collectors and sinners.
As you probably know, Jews did not like tax collectors, because they worked for the Roman oppressors.
They were often corrupt, too, using their position to extort money above what they were owed in taxes.
Another of the Matthew The Apostle facts is that tradition believes that Matthew wrote the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament, which was written with a Hebrew audience in mind. Matthew’s gospel, more than any other, reminds us of the Old Testament roots and prophecies behind Jesus’ mission.
Tradition also suggests varied destinations for Matthew’s missionary journeys after Pentecost. Some say that he traveled west to Ethiopia while others claim his mission was to Persia. We believe that he died a martyr.
One legend about his death has him strung up, upside down, above a fire by Fulvia, the ruler of the Ethiopians. Matthew was unharmed by the fire, so Fulvian added more wood until the flames were very high. He commanded that 12 idols be placed around the fire, but the fire lashed out and burned them. The flames went out when Fulvian asked Matthew to pray for him, and then Matthew died.
Matthew’s symbols are bags of money, representing his profession as a tax collector before Jesus called him.
Did Matthew Write the Gospel of Matthew?
The Gospel of Matthew’s author is anonymous, but Matthew the Apostle is traditionally considered the author. The early church claimed he wrote it, and the attribution “according to Matthew” was added possibly as early as the second century. While there are credible arguments against his authorship, no alternative writer has been named.
Call to Ministry
Jesus called Levi to the Ministry, and Levi followed him. He became known as Matthew.
Matthew followed Jesus as one of his four disciples. He saw both the resurrection and ascension of Jesus, and he preached the gospel in Jerusalem.
After preaching in Judea, scholars believe he traveled to other countries to continue his preaching. Matthew supposedly authored the Gospel of Matthew, but there is no proof he wrote it. Fragments of other gospels have been found, also attributed to Matthew. These are the Gospel of the Nazarenes, the Gospel of the Ebionites, and the Gospel of the Hebrews.
Matthew was one of the early followers of Jesus. He is known as Matthew the Apostle, Saint Matthew, and his birth name of Levi
Researching the Matthew the apostle facts then it is clear that St. Matthew went to Ethiopia and thence into the neighboring states. He began his mission at Nadabar, the capital, where he met two notorious magicians named Zaroes and Arphaxad, who, by their hellish art, caused people to become sick, after which they cured them by magic, and thus gained the reputation of performing miracles, besides which, they gathered great riches.
The apostle discovered the fraudulent means by which they deceived the credulous, and he admonished the inhabitants of the city, not to fear those two men, as he was preaching the Gospel of Jesus Christ, in whose name, all such diabolical art would be destroyed.
When the two magicians saw that they lost credit and gain by these remarks of the apostle, they endeavored by new sorcery to frighten the people; but the Saint, making their fraud public, caused himself to be greatly esteemed so that the people commenced to attend his sermons, and to take an interest in the faith he announced.
The many miracles which Matthew performed at length opened the eyes of the blind pagans; they recognized their error, and truth took possession of their hearts.
Within the list of Matthew The Apostle Facts, he is recognized as a saint in the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran, and Anglican churches. His feast day is celebrated on 21 September in the West and 16 November in the East. (For those churches which follow the traditional Julian Calendar, 16 November currently falls on 29 November of the modern Gregorian Calendar).
He is also commemorated by the Orthodox, together with the other Apostles, on 30 June (13 July), the Synaxis of the Holy Apostles. His tomb is located in the crypt of Salerno Cathedral in southern Italy.
Like the other evangelists, Matthew is often depicted in Christian art with one of the four living creatures of Revelation 4:7. The one that accompanies him is in the form of a winged man. The three paintings of Matthew by Caravaggio in the church of San Luigi dei Francesi in Rome, where he is depicted as called by Christ from his profession as a gatherer, are among the landmarks of Western art.
In conclusion, Matthew the Apostle’s facts gave an in-depth view of Matthew (also referred to as Saint Matthew by the Catholic church) is known for being a publican (or tax collector) which is unusual in that most of the disciples were fishermen by trade.
Due to his work as a tax collector, Matthew was seen as filth among people, classified as the lowest of the low for working alongside the Romans in collecting taxes, and at the time being under Roman rule was the most hated thing of all.
In addition, during this time many tax collectors were dishonest giving people even more reasons to hate them. Matthew always refers to himself as Matthew the tax collector or Matthew the publican making note of the fact that he was once a sinner even though he followed the path of Christ.
Matthew was particularly self-absorbed at the time he was called by Jesus to serve as His disciple. Upon meeting Christ; however, Matthew forgot about being self-centered and began to consider others. Matthew is recognized for being the first writer of the first Gospel which is now referred to as the Gospel of Matthew.
Faits sur les ressources
Résumé de Saint Matthieu
On sait peu de choses sur saint Matthieu, sauf qu'il était le fils d'Alphée et qu'il était très probablement né en Galilée. Il a travaillé comme collecteur d'impôts, ce qui était une occupation méprisée à l'époque du Christ.
Selon l'Évangile, Matthieu travaillait dans un stand de collecte à Capharnaüm lorsque le Christ s'est approché de lui et lui a dit :
Matthieu est devenu un disciple du Christ par ce simple appel.
De Matthieu, nous apprenons les nombreuses actions du Christ et le message de salut qu'il a transmis à tous ceux qui viennent à Dieu par lui. Les érudits sont confiants dans l'authenticité du récit évangélique de Matthieu car il raconte la même histoire que les trois autres évangiles. Son livre est le premier des quatre évangiles du Nouveau Testament.