O Apóstolo São Tomás

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São Tomás

St. Thomas the Apostle is famously known as “Doubting Thomas” because he doubted that Christ had risen from the dead.

Antes da morte de Jesus, Tomé era um discípulo devotado que até mesmo estava disposto a morrer com o Senhor quando voltasse para a Judéia.

Santo Tomás, como apóstolo, foi encarregado de disseminar os ensinamentos de Jesus por todo o mundo.

While São Pedro e Saint Paul are said to have brought the gospel to Greece and Rome, Saint Thomas is said to have brought it to India.

As igrejas de Malankara, na Índia, remontam a São Tomás, que, segundo a lenda local, chegou ao longo da costa do Malabar em 52 dC

Saint Thomas is also linked to a group of ancient documents that bear his name. The Gospel of Thomas, the Acts of Thomas, and the Infancy Gospel of Thomas are among these documents. It was common in the ancient world to attribute texts to an apostle or religious teacher even if they were not the true authors.

jacques callot | s. thomas, apôtre (st. thomas, apostle), december 21st, from les images de tous les saincts et saintes de l'année (images of all of the saints and religious events of the year) | the metropolitan museum of art (metmuseum.org)
Jacques Callot | S. Thomas, apôtre (St. Thomas, Apostle), December 21st, from Les Images De Tous Les Saincts et Saintes de L'Année (Images of All of the Saints and Religious Events of the Year) | The Metropolitan Museum of Art (metmuseum.org)

São Tomás de Nascimento

O sagrado e gloriosoO apóstolo Tomé era um pescadorque nasceu no século 1 DC na Galiléia, província romana da Judéia, cidade galiléia de Pansada.

Thomas com Jesus

All three synoptic gospels, Mateus, Mark, and Luke tell us how, at the start of His earthly ministry, Jesus escolheu doze discípulosdentre as multidões queseguiu elee os nomeou apóstolos. Thomas foi um dos Doze Apóstolos.

The gospels also tell how Jesus commanded them to go throughout all of Judea, Samaria, Galilee, and across the Jordan, preaching the good news of the Kingdom of God and how they received authority from Christ to cure the blind and to heal the sick, and to deliver those who were oppressed by from evil spirits just as He had done

saint thomas
São Tomé

Saint Thomas Travels/Missionary

A primeira menção do trabalho missionário de Tomé vem de Eusébio de Cesaréia, que cita Orígenes (um estudioso de meados do século III) dizendo que Tomé foi enviado para a Pártia (que fica no atual Irã).

However, according to popular church tradition, Thomas traveled to India around 50 AD and evangelized the people there, possibly establishing up to seven churches. This tradition appears to have begun with the Acts of Thomas, and it is still extremely popular in some churches, particularly those claiming to be founded by him.

st. thomas the apostle w/ gold frame
St. Thomas the Apostle w/ Gold Frame

Thomas duvidoso

Tomé não estava presente quando Jesus ressuscitado apareceu aos discípulos pela primeira vez. Quando os outros contaram a Thomas,

“Nós vimos o Senhor,”

ele disse que não acreditaria a menos que pudesse tocar nas feridas de Jesus. Mais tarde, Jesus apareceu aos apóstolos e convidou Tomé paraexamine suas feridas.

Quando Jesus apareceu aos discípulos novamente no mar da Galiléia, Tomé estava lá com eles.

Embora não seja mencionado na Bíblia, esse discípulo recebeu o apelido de “Tomé duvidoso” porque duvidava da ressurreição.

Pessoas céticas às vezes são chamadas de "Tomás de Dúvida".

St Thomas Life Facts

Você pode imaginar um apóstolo, o seguidor mais próximo de Cristo, tendo dúvidas sobre Jesus? Santo Tomás o fez, e sua descrença nos ensina o valor do dom da fé.

Tomé não estava com os outros apóstolos noQuarto Superiorem Jerusalém na noite da Ressurreição de Jesus, então ele não estava presente quando Jesus apareceu a eles e lhes mostrou as feridas em suas mãos e lado.

saint thomas
Domínikos Theotokópoulos, disse Le Greco 1541-1614 Tolède. Apóstolo São Tomé ca 1608 Toledo Museo del Greco.

“Nós vimos o Senhor,”

the other apostles later told Thomas (John 20:25). Imagine their surprise when Thomas responded,

“Unless I see the mark of the nails in his hands and put my finger into the nail marks and put my hand into his side, I will not believe” (John 20:25).

Uma semana depois, Jesus apareceu aos apóstolos mais uma vez. Depois de desejar paz, Jesus instruiu Tomé a examinar suas mãos e tocar seu lado. Ele encorajou Thomas a acreditar. Thomas ficou envergonhado por ter questionado a ressurreição de Jesus.

“My Lord and my God!” he exclaimed. (Matthew 20:28)

Então Jesus declarou,

“Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed” (John 20:29).

Thomas never doubted the Lord again, and he dedicated his life to assisting others in believing in Jesus—even though they had never seen Him face to face. According to legend, Thomas traveled to India to spread the Gospel.

Ainda hoje, os católicos da costa indiana do Malabar se referem a si mesmos como “cristãos de Santo Tomás” porque ele fundou sua comunidade e os ajudou a crescer na fé.

Santo Tomás é reverenciado como santo pelos católicos. Sua vida nos ensina a acreditar em tudo o que o Senhor nos prometeu para que, como Jesus, possamos renascer para uma nova vida.

doubting thomas
Thomas duvidoso

Conquistas de Thomas

Embora pouco se saiba sobre a vida de Santo Tomás, a tradição cristã afirma que ele foi o primeiro missionário na Índia. Ele é amplamente considerado o fundador da Igreja dos Cristãos Sírios do Malabar, também conhecidos como Cristãos Thomas.

Por três anos, o apóstolo Tomé viajou com Jesus e aprendeu com ele. De acordo com a tradição da igreja, depois que Jesus ressuscitou e ascendeu ao céu, Tomé levou a mensagem do evangelho ao leste e acabou sendo martirizado por sua fé.

We have these encouraging words from Jesus because of Thomas: “Because you have seen Me, Thomas, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen but believe ” (John 20:29). Thomas’ lack of faith has served to encourage all future Christians who have not seen Jesus and yet have believed in him and his resurrection.

saint thomas tapestry
Saint Thomas the Apostle Tapestry.
Jacquard woven tapestry finished by hand and entirely made in Italy. Saint Thomas the Apostle 16×12″. 45% cotton, 45% polyester, and 10% lurex. Made in Italy.

Dia da Festa de São Tomé

Agora odia da festa de São Tomás in Roman and Syrian catholic churches is on 3rd July. Also, the next Sunday of Easter (Pascha) is celebrated as the Sunday of Thomas in the communication of Thoma’s question to Jesus which led him to proclaim, My Lord and my God” and the day in Kerala is known as Puthunjayar.

Tomé também é comemorado em comum com todos os apóstolos no dia 30 de junho, em uma festa conhecida como a Sinaxia dos Santos Apóstolos.

Reflexão de São Tomás

No delefraqueza e falta de compreensão, Thomas shares the fate of São Pedro the impatient, Saint James e São João, the “sons of thunder,” São Filipe, and his foolish request to see the Father—indeed, all the apostles.

We must not exaggerate these facts because Christ did not choose worthless men. Their human frailty highlights the fact that holiness is a gift from God, not a human creation; it is given to ordinary men and women with flaws; and it is God who gradually transforms the flaws into the image of Christ, the courageous, trusting, and loving one.

doubting thomas
Thomas duvidoso

How did Saint Thomas die?

The legacy of St. Thomas lives on in the Christian tradition, a testament to his commitment and faith even unto death. Accounts vary as to exactly how it happened but most agree that he was morto com uma lança while praying near Madras, India on July 3 or December 21 72 AD – either accidentally by jealous Hindu priests at Kali’s temple or through martyrdom for his beliefs. His burial place is now Ortona, Italy

Saint Thomas Key Takeaway

Thomas recebeu uma má reputação. Ele não tinha mais dúvidas do que o resto dos discípulos, e a única razão pela qual ele tinha era que eles tinham visto o Cristo ressuscitado.

When the women returned from the empty tomb and saw the risen Christ, the disciples were skeptical as well. There is no doubt that Thomas was a devout Christian and a powerful missionary who was used by God for His glory.

leendert van der cooghen, incredulità di san tommaso
Leendert van der Cooghen, incredulità di San Tommaso

Resumo São Tomás

Seu nome hebraico era Thomas, e seu nome grego era Didymus. Ele às vezes era chamado de Judas. Exceto por seu nome, Mateus, Marcos e Lucas não nos dizem nada sobre Thomas.

Em seu Evangelho, no entanto,São João defines him more precisely. Thomas appeared in the raising of Lazarus (John 11:2; John 11:3; John 11:4; John 11:5; John 11:6; John 11:7; John 11:8; John 11:9; John 11:10; John 11:11; John 11:12; John 11:13; John 11:14; John 11:15; John 11:16) and in the Upper Room (John 14:1; John 14:2; John 14:3; John 14:4; John 14:5; John 14:6) where he wanted to know how Jesus was going.

In John 20:25, he says he will not believe unless he sees the nail prints in Jesus’ hand and the spear gash in His side. That is how Thomas came to be known as Doubting Thomas.

Thomas was a pessimist by nature. He was a perplexed man. Nonetheless, he was a brave man. He was the type of man who couldn’t believe anything until he saw it for himself.

Ele era um homem de fé e devoção. Quando Jesus se levantou, ele convidou Tomé a colocar seu dedo nas marcas das unhas de suas mãos e do lado.

“Meu Senhor e meu Deus,”

says Thomas, the greatest confession of faith. Thomas’s skepticism was transformed into faith. Thomas’s faith grew strong, intense, and convincing as a result of this fact.

Ele foi encarregado de construir um palácio para o rei da Índia e foi morto com uma lança como mártir por seu Senhor. Seu símbolo consiste em umgrande quantidade de lanças, pedras e flechas.

Finally, before you go, after reading the Story of Saint Thomas, you might have thought about a sacred haven in your garden. A statue of Saint Thomas will remind you of his life and teachings.

#1. How many churches did apostle Thomas establish in Kerala?

#2. The tradition among Christians in India is that Thomas was speared to death near?

#3. Who's wife and son did apostle Thomas convert in Syriac Mazda?

#4. What is the meaning of Thomas in the Bible?

#5. An interesting fact about Thomas?

#6. Which orthodox church celebrates Thomas's feast on 3 occasions?

#7. What tradition stated Thomas's name as JUDAS Thomas?

#8. When was Thomas's apostle born?

#9. What was apostle Thomas often condemned for?

#10. What is apostle Thomas remembered within the church of England?

Finish

Results

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What is the significance of Saint Thomas the Apostle’s nickname, “Doubting Thomas”?

Saint Thomas, the Apostle is often referred to as “Doubting Thomas” because of his initial reluctance to believe that Jesus had risen from the dead, as recorded in the Bible in John 20:24; John 20:25; John 20:26; John 20:27; John 20:28; John 20:29. However, after seeing Jesus and putting his finger in the wounds, he declared his belief in Jesus as the Son of God.

Where is Saint Thomas the Apostle buried?

The tomb of Saint Thomas the Apostle is believed to be located in the Indian city of Mylapore, Chennai, in the church of San Thome Basilica.

What is the connection between Saint Thomas the Apostle and India?

According to tradition, Saint Thomas the Apostle traveled to India and preached the gospel there, eventually being martyred in the city of Mylapore, Chennai. The Saint Thomas Christians, an ancient Christian community in India, trace their origins to the missionary activity of Saint Thomas the Apostle in India.

What are the miracles attributed to Saint Thomas the Apostle?

Many miracles are attributed to Saint Thomas the Apostle. One of the most famous is the healing of a man with leprosy who touched the relic of the Apostle’s hand. Others include the healing of a woman who was blind, the miraculous escape from the prison of a group of men who invoked his help, and the protection of ships from storms and shipwrecks by invoking his name.

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