The traitor Judas Iscariot was the son of Simon, who lived in Kerioth, Judah. He betrayed Jesus in exchange for thirty coins and then hanged himself (Matthew 26:14; Matthew 26:15; Matthew 26:16).
Si Hudas, ang traydor, ay ang pangwakas na enigma ng Bagong Tipan sapagkat mahirap isipin kung paano ang sinumang napakalapit kay Jesus, na nakasaksi ng napakaraming himala at narinig ang labis na turo ng Guro, ay maaaring magtaksil sa kanya sa mga kamay ng kanyang mga kaaway .
His name appears on three different lists of the Twelve Apostles (Mateo 10:4; Mark 3:19; Luke 6:19). Judas is said to have come from Judah near Jericho. He was a Judean, while the other disciples were Galileans. He was the band’s treasurer and one of its most outspoken leaders.
Judas is said to have been a violent Jewish nationalist who had followed Jesus in the hope that his nationalistic flame and dreams would be realized through Him. No one can deny that Judas was greedy and took advantage of his position as band treasurer to steal from the common purse.
There is no clear reason why Judas betrayed his master; however, it was not his betrayal that led to Jesus’ death on the cross; it was our sins. His apostolic symbol is a noose or a money purse with coins falling from it.
Ipinanganak siya sa Kerioth, isang maliit na bayan sa timog ng Judea. Ang kanyang mga magulang ay lumipat sa Jerico nang siya ay bata pa, at siyanagtrabaho sa iba't ibang mga pakikipagsapalaran ng kanyang ama until he became interested in John the Baptist’s preaching and work. Having a Sadducee’s background meant that his parents disowned him when he joined John’s disciples.
Si Hudas Kasama si Hesus
There was nothing about Jesus that Judas admired more than his overall attractive and exquisitely charming personality. The traitor was never able to overcome his Judean prejudices against his Galilean associates, and he would even criticize Jesus in his mind.
Ang nasiyahan sa sarili na Judean ay naglakas-loob na punahin sa kanyang sariling puso ang lalaking kinalalagyan ng labing-isa sa mga apostol bilang perpektong tao, bilang "isang ganap na kaibig-ibig at pinakapuno sa sampung libo."
Naniniwala siyang nag-aalangan si Jesus at natatakot na igiit ang kanyang kapangyarihan at awtoridad.
Si Hudas ay isang pakikipagsapalaran sa pananampalataya para kay Hesus. Kinilala ng Guro ang kahinaan ng apostol na ito mula pa nang simula at alam na alam niya ang mga panganib na aminin siya sa pakikisama. Gayunpaman, likas na katangian ng Mga Anak ng Diyos na magbigay ng bawat nilalang na may isang ganap at pantay na pagkakataon para sa kaligtasan at kaligtasan.
Betrayal of Jesus
Ipinagkanulo niya si Hesus, na nagresulta sa pag-aresto sa kanya at kasunod na paniniwala ng Hudisyong panghukuman na katawan, ang Sanhedrin. Kasunod ng kanyang paniniwala, si Jesus ay ipinako sa krus ng mga awtoridad ng Roma sa Judea, sa payo ng mga pari at matatandang Hudyo.
Gayunpaman, magkakaibang mga account ng kanyang pagkakanulo ay mayroon. Nagmungkahi ang mga iskolar ng iba`t ibang mga motibo para sa kilos sa paglipas ng panahon at tinanong pa ang katotohanan ng pag-angkin na siya ay nagtaksil kay Jesus.
The ‘Gospel of Mark’ contains the earliest account of his betrayal. According to this gospel, when Judas went to the Jewish priests to betray Jesus, he was offered 30 pieces of silver as a bribe. At the same time, it was unclear whether he went to the priests to betray Jesus for money or some other reason.
Ayon sa 'Ebanghelio ni Mateo,' pinagkanulo niya si Jesus para sa suhol na 30 pirasong pilak mula sa mga paring Hudyo.
Ayon sa ebanghelong ito, kinilala niya si Hesus na may halik (walang kamatayan sa kasaysayan bilang "Halik ni Hudas") at inihayag siya sa mga sundalo ng dakilang saserdote na si Joseph Caiaphas, na pagkatapos ay ibinigay kay Jesus sa mga sundalo ni Poncio Pilato, ang Gobernador Romano ng Judea. Ayon sa ebanghelyo, nakita ni Jesus ang pagtataksil sa kanya ni Hudas.
Ang suhol ng 30 pirasong pilak ay binanggit sa 'Ebanghelio ni Juan,' ngunit hindi ito binanggit sa 'Ebanghelyo ni Juan.' Inilalarawan siya na hindi nasisiyahan sa perang ginugol sa mga pabango upang pahiran si Hesus kung maaari itong gugulin sa mga mahihirap. Ayon sa ebanghelyo, nakita ni Jesus ang kanyang pagtataksil at pinayagan itong mangyari.
Si Judas Iscariote, isa saorihinal na 12 alagad, traveled with him and studied under him for three years. He, like the other 11 disciples, was summoned and sent by Jesus to preach the gospel of God’s kingdom, cast out demons, and heal the sick.
Ebanghelyo ni Hudas
Inihayag ng National Geographic Society noong 2006 ang pagtuklas at pagsasalin ng "Ebanghelyo ni Judas," isang matagal nang nawala na teksto na naisip na nakasulat noong AD 150 at pagkatapos ay nakopya mula sa Griyego patungong Coptic noong ikatlong siglo.
Ang Ebanghelyo ni Hudas, na unang binanggit sa pagsulat ng kalihim ng ikalawang siglo na si Irenaeus, ay isa sa maraming mga sinaunang teksto na natuklasan nitong mga nakaraang dekada na naiugnay sa mga Gnostics, isang (karamihan) mga Kristiyanong pangkat na kinondena bilang mga erehe ng unang simbahan. mga pinuno para sa kanilang di-sumasamang espiritwal na paniniwala.
Rather than condemning Judas as Jesus’ betrayer, the author of the Gospel of Judas extolled him as Jesus’ favorite disciple. According to this version of events, Jesus asked Judas to betray him to the authorities for him to be freed from his physical body and fulfill his destiny of saving humanity.
Ang Ebanghelyo ni Hudas ay nagbunsod ng debate, kasama ng ilang mga iskolar na inaangkin na ang bersyon ng National Geographic Society ay isang maling pagsasalin ng Coptic na teksto at na ang publiko ay naligaw sa paniniwala na ang dokumentong nakalarawan sa isang "marangal na Hudas."
Sa anumang kaso, ang Ebanghelyo ni Hudas ay isinulat kahit isang siglo pagkamatay nina Jesus at Hudas, kaya't naglalaman ito ng kaunting maaasahang impormasyon sa kasaysayan tungkol sa kanilang buhay, at tiyak na hindi ito nagbibigay ng nawawalang link sa pag-unawa sa totoong mga motibasyon ni Judas Iscariot.
“The truth is we don’t know why Judas did what he did,”
“The grand irony, of course, is that without [Judas’s betrayal], Jesus doesn’t get handed over to the Romans and crucified. Without Judas, you don’t have the central component of Christianity—you don’t have the Resurrection.”
Death of Judas
His death is described in a variety of ways. These descriptions of his death were gleaned from the New Testament and other sources. After betraying Jesus, Judas was filled with regret and remorse, according to the ‘Gospel of Matthew.’
According to the gospel, he went to return the 30 pieces of silver he received as a bribe for betraying Jesus to the Jewish priests. Because it was blood money, the priests refused to accept it. As a result, he threw away the 30 pieces of silver and left. He then nagpakamatay sa pamamagitan ng pagbigtiang kanyang sarili.
Who Replaced Judas?
Matthias was selected to replace Judas as recorded in Acts 1:15; Acts 1:16; Acts 1:17; Acts 1:18; Acts 1:19; Acts 1:20; Acts 1:21; Acts 1:22, Gawa 1:23; Gawa 1:24; Gawa 1:25; Acts 1:-26. The other man who was also in consideration was named Joseph or Barsabas and surnamed Justus. Lots were cast and eventually, Matthias was chosen.
"Ikaw, O Panginoon, na nakakaalam ng mga puso ng lahat, ipakita kung alin sa dalawang ito ang Pinili mong makibahagi sa ministeryong ito at pagka-apostol kung saan nahulog si Hudas, upang siya ay makapunta sa kanyang lugar."
At siya ay binilang kasama ng labing-isang mga apostol. " Ang Bibliya ay kalat-kalat sa mga karagdagang detalye na nauugnay kay Matthias, ngunit sinasabi nito na si Matthias ay kasama ni Jesus mula sa Kanyang bautismo hanggang sa kanyang pagkabuhay na mag-uli.
Bukod sa aklat ng Mga Gawa, si Matthias ay hindi nabanggit kahit saan pa sa Bibliya. Ayon sa mga mapagkukunang makasaysayang si Matthias ay nabuhay hanggang 80 AD at kumalat ang ebanghelyo sa baybayin ng Caspian at Cappadocia.
Si Hudas Iskariote lamang ang naalaala: ang pagtataksil kay Jesucristo. Kahit na sa paglaon ay nagpahayag ng panghihinayang si Judas, ang kanyang pangalan ay naging magkasingkahulugan ng mga traydor at turncoat sa buong kasaysayan. Ang kanyang pagganyak ay lumitaw na kasakiman, ngunit ang ilang mga iskolar ay naniniwala na ang mga pampulitikang pagganyak ay nagkukubli sa ilalim ng kanyang kataksilan.
Sa unang-siglong Hudaismo, ang pangalang Hudas ay nangangahulugang "purihin ang Panginoon." Ang apelyido na "Iscariot" ay nangangahulugang "tao ng Kerioth," isang bayan sa timog ng Judea. Si Judas lamang ang nag-iisa sa labingdalawang hindi taga-Galilea.
Inihayag ng Ebanghelyo ni Marcos ang pinakamaliit tungkol kay Judas, na iniuugnay ang kanyang mga aksyon sa walang partikular na motibo. Si Judas ay simpleng tao na nag-abot kay Hesus sa mga punong saserdote. Ang ulat ni Mateo ay nagbibigay ng higit na detalye at ipininta si Judas bilang isang walang prinsipyong tao.
Luke goes even further, saying that Satan entered Judas.
Judas Iscariot Characteristics
Characteristics of Judas Iscariot through time always made people have mixed feelings about Judas. Some experience a sense of hatred toward him, others feel pity, and some have even considered him a hero. No matter how you react to Judas, one thing is sure; believers can benefit greatly by taking a serious look at his life. During Jesus’ public ministry, Judas traveled everywhere with Him and lived in close proximity to Him but never seemed to share His spirit.
Some have suggested that Jesus got His directions wrong in choosing Judas to be one of His disciples. Following the characteristics of the 12 apostles, this cannot possibly be so; however, one of Christ’s divine qualities was His ability to know what was in every man (see John 2:25). Whatever His reason for choosing Judas, we can be sure it was not because of a mistake.
Having chosen Judas to be one of the disciples, Jesus gives him a trusted position as keeper of the common purse. However, he proved to be unworthy of that trust, taking for himself the money that had been donated to support Jesus and the disciples.
Judas’ greed and hypocrisy were also shown by his willingness to betray the Son of God for the price of a slave (Exodus 21:32) and in his pretended concern for the welfare of the poor when he criticized Mary of Bethany for anointing Jesus’ feet with costly ointment.
His continued presence in the apostolic band must have daily involved him in hypocrisy as his heart became increasingly turned away from Jesus.
The Gospel writers, on almost every occasion, when Judas’ name is mentioned, refer to him as the betrayer of Jesus. The betrayal of Christ was indeed a heinous crime, and there can be no doubt that Judas acted as the instrument of Satan in perpetuating it.
In fact, in one place, Jesus describes Judas as a devil (John 6:70), and it appears that Satan entered into him following his rejection of Jesus’ final gesture of love at the Last Supper (John 13:27). Jesus also describes him as “the son of perdition” (John 12:17), and nothing good is ever said about him except, perhaps, that he was capable of feeling remorse after seeing the result of his evil crime.
Jesus, being the person He was the divine Son of God, knew both the strengths and weaknesses of every one of His disciples. He took steps also to alert them to the evil possibilities that lay deep in their hearts.
When Peter insisted that he would never deny Him, Jesus tried to prepare him for the next hours by telling him that he would deny Him, not just once or twice, but three times.
He does something similar with Judas Iscariot on the eve of His betrayal as if He wants to allow him to repent of his evil intentions. As we know, however, Judas is so bent on evil that he remains unmoved even when treated as an honored guest at the Last Supper.
Iscariot is understood to be equivalent to ish-Kerioth, that is, “man of Kerioth.” Kerioth was a town in South Judea. The other disciples were all from Galilee. The southern Jews regarded the northerners with a certain superiority.
Following the raising of Lazarus from the dead, the high priest and the Jewish leaders were deeply concerned that Jesus might recruit more followers to His cause and determined to put Him to death. Jesus’ high level of popularity at this time, however, meant that they must go about their plans with great care and caution. Judas’ offer of betrayal was an opportunity that was too good to miss.
His knowledge of Jesus’ movements would enable him to lead the soldiers to a place where they could arrest Him without too much of the populace being aware of it. In the Garden of Gethsemane, Judas greets Jesus with the word “Master!” followed by a spurious show of affection, which results in Christ’s arrest.
Once Christ has been condemned, and it becomes obvious that He is to die on the cross, the full weight of what He has done bursts in upon Judas’ conscience. Returning to the temple, he pleads with the priests to take back the money, confessing,
“I have betrayed innocent blood”.
They coldly reply that his problems are his affair and that it means nothing to them.
Judas then throws the thirty pieces of silver at their feet and, overcome by remorse, goes out and hangs himself. He has served the priests’ unholy enterprise, and, having no further use for him, they abandon him to the inferno that his rejection of Christ has made inevitable.
As a result of Judas’ suicide, the number of disciples is reduced to eleven. Peter quotes prophecies from the Scripture, which, under the Holy Spirit’s inspiration, applies to Judas. These Scriptures (Psalm 69:25;Psalm 109:8) show that a suitable person should fill the vacant office the qualifications being that he should have accompanied the apostles during the time of Jesus’ public ministry and that he was a witness of the Resurrection.
Two candidates are selected and, after prayer, lots are cast. The one on whom the lot falls is Saint Matthias, who then becomes the twelfth apostle. Nothing more is said of Matthias as an individual, only corporately as one of the twelve.
Mga Katangian ng Buod
Judas Iscariot is always the last disciple placed on the list of twelve. Judas Iscariot is often referred to as Judas the Betrayer, and he is known and will forever be known for the one act of betrayal of the Lord.
Judas was the disciple who did not truly believe in the love of Jesus, and when the chief priests were looking for a way to arrest Jesus, Judas provided them with that way by identifying Jesus with a kiss in return for thirty pieces of silver. Judas is frequently referred to as the only disciple who was separated from God in his death as he never had salvation due to his betrayal, thievery, and lies.
Si Judas Iscariot ay isa sa 12 pangunahing disipulo ni Hesukristo at nagtatag ng Kristiyanismo. Ipinagkanulo ni Hudas ang kanyang panginoon, si Hesukristo, na humantong sa pagpapako sa krus para sa erehe. Si Hudas ay naging isang kasingkahulugan para sa isang tao na nagtaksil sa isang mas mataas na dahilan o isang mahusay na tao, sa kabila ng pagiging mapahiya sa pangunahing Kristiyanismo bilang isang taong mababa ang moralidad o ang pagkakatawang-tao ng Diyablo.
Historically, the legend of Judas was used to justify the persecution of the Jewish community in Europe and the Middle East. From the beginning of Christianity to the majority of the twentieth century, he was almost always portrayed negatively in art, literature, drama, and other forms of popular culture.
Ang Derno's 'Inferno,' isa sa pinakatanyag na akda ng Kanlurang panitikan, ay naglalarawan sa kanya bilang isang masamang tauhang kinondena sa pinakamababang bilog ng Impiyerno, kasama ang mga mamamatay-tao nina Julius Caesar, Brutus, at Cassius.
Scholarly studies and popular culture have featured more sympathetic portrayals of Judas since the 1970s. In the 1970s, the discovery of the Gospel of Judas in Egypt was a revelation. Its translation, published in 2006, depicted Judas Iscariot’s life in a new light and aided in the reassessment of his image.