San James na Anak ni Zebedeo

saint james son of zebedee

St. James the Greater

According to the New Testament, James the Great, also known as James son of Zebedee or Saint James the Greater, was one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles and part of His inner circle.

Isa sa mgaJames Facts is that according to Catholic tradition, Apostle James spread Christianity in Spain.

Pinugutan siya ng ulo sa Jerusalem noong 44, at ang kanyang labi ay dinala pa kalaunan sa Galicia sakay ng isang batong bangka patungo sa lugar ng Santiago de Compostela Cathedral.

Patron saints are not unique to Roman Catholicism, but also to Eastern Orthodoxy, Anglicanism, and some branches of Islam.

Ang patron saint ng mga peregrino at Espanya ay si St James the Greater, Anak ni Zebedeo.

St James the Greater was one of Jesus Christ’s disciples and was thought to be his cousin by the Virgin Mary’s sister, and the brother of St Jude Thaddeus.

He shared a fishing boat with his brother John, his father Zebedee, and his partner Simon. John and James were disciples of John the Baptist and, later, of Jesus.

When Jesus called James and his brother John to be “mangingisda ng mga kalalakihan, ”Iniwan nila ang kanilang buhay bilang mga mangingisda. Isa siya sa mga alagad ni Jesus hanggang sa siya ayipinako sa krus ng mga Romano.

lucas cranach the elder, saint james the greater, woodcut, rosenwald collection, 1952.8.219
"Lucas Cranach the Elder, Saint James the Greater, woodcut, Rosenwald Collection, 1952.8.219"

Birth/Origins

According to Christian myth, James was born in Galilee around the year 5 BC. His parents appear to have been well-to-do. His father, Zebedee, was a Sea of Galilee fisherman who probably lived in or near Bethsaida, possibly in Capharnaum, and had some boatmen or hired men.

Ang kanyang ina, si Salome, ay isa sa mga relihiyosong kababaihan na sumunod sa paglaon kay Cristo at "naglingkod sa kanya ng kanilang sangkap."

Ang kanyang kapatid aySi Juan na Apostol, who, according to Christian tradition, was the only Apostle who did not die as a martyr and is the author of several New Testament books. According to the Church Fathers, his brother is the same person as John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, and the Beloved Disciple.

Dahil sa kanilang mapusok na mga personalidad, kapwa binansagang "Boanerges" ("Mga Anak ng Kulog") at kabilang sa mga unang alagad na sumali kay Jesucristo.

Ayon sa Synoptic Gospels, sina James at John ay nasa isang bangka kasama ang kanilang ama na inaayos ang kanilang mga lambat nang tawagin sila ni Jesus na sundin siya.

Si James ay isa sa napiling tatlo na nakasaksi sa Pagbabagong-anyo (metamorphosis), ang nabuhay na mag-anak na babae ni Jairus, at ang paghihirap sa Gethsemani.

Achievements

Ang St James, o St Lago tulad ng pagbaybay nito sa Espanyol, ay din ang dakilang patron ng militar ng Espanya. Gayunpaman, ang kanyang misyon na ipagtanggol ang Christian Church laban sa mga mananakop ay ipinagpaliban hanggang sa pagkamatay niya.

Sa panahon ng bantog na labanan ng Clavijo, lumitaw siya nang hindi inaasahan sa isang puting charger na puti, na kumakaway sa isang puting pamantayan at dinadala ang mga Kristiyano sa tagumpay.

This manifestation occurred in response to the soldiers’ use of his name as the battle cry on that particular day, “Sant lago!” As a result, the ancient city of Santiago was named after him, and the cathedral was built in his honor.

saint paul the apostle church (westerville, ohio) - stained glass, arcade, saint james the greater
Saint Paul the Apostle Church (Westerville, Ohio) - stained glass, arcade, Saint James the Greater

Life Lessons

Sa kabila ng lahat ng pinagdaanan ni James bilang isang disipulo ni Hesus, ang kanyangnanatiling kalog ang pananampalataya until the resurrection. When he and his brother asked Jesus for the honor of sitting beside him in glory, Jesus only promised them a share of his suffering (Mark 10:35; Mark 10:36; Mark 10:37; Mark 10:38; Mark 10:39; Mark 10:40; Mark 10:41; Mark 10:42; Mark 10:43; Mark 10:44; Mark 10:45).

Natuklasan nila na ang pinakadakila pagtawag sa isang tagasunod ni Hesusay maglingkod sa iba. Ang pagsunod kay Jesu-Kristo ay maaaring humantong sa kahirapan, pag-uusig, at maging kamatayan, ngunit ang gantimpala ay buhay na walang hanggan kasama niya sa langit.

Travels

Ang isang apokripal na teksto na kilala bilang Ang Ebanghelyo ng Labindalawa ay nagmungkahi noong unang siglo na nang ang Banal na Espiritu ay bumaba sa mga apostol noong Pentecost (Mga Gawa 2), bawat isa sa kanila ay binigyan ng kapangyarihan na magsalita ng wika ng mga taong tinawag nilang maabot (tulad ng Tower of Babel, ngunit sa kabaligtaran). Nagsalita si James ng Latin, na pangunahing sinasalita sa kanlurang kalahati ng Roman Empire.

Gayunpaman, hanggang daan-daang taon na ang lumipas ay may nagmungkahi kay James na maglakbay sa Espanya.

Isang teksto na kilala bilang Breviary ng mga Apostol, na isinulat noong ikaanim na siglo, ay nag-angkin na ipinakalat ni James ang ebanghelyo sa Espanya at inilibing sa isang lugar malapit sa dagat, kanluran ng Espanya.

Ang pahayag na ito ay naulit sa mga tula, himno, talambuhay, at komentaryo sa ikapitong at ikawalong siglo. Noong unang bahagi ng ikasiyam na siglo, isang maliwanag na bituin ang sinasabing namuno sa isang pastol sa libingan ni Saint James sa Galicia, sa ngayon ay kilala bilang Santiago de Compostela.

Upang maisakatuparan ito, kakailanganin ni James na umalis sa Jerusalem upang mag-eebanghel ng Espanya, pagkatapos ay bumalik sa Jerusalem upang maipatay noong 44 AD, at pagkatapos ay ibalhin ang kanyang labi sa Espanya upang ilibing.

Noong panahong iyon, malawak na tinanggap ang alamat na ito, at ang lugar ng libingan ay naging isa sa pinakasikat na mga paglalakbay sa Kristiyano. Gayunpaman, karamihan sa modernong mga iskolar ay nakahanap ng kaunting ebidensiya upang suportahan ang ministeryo ni James sa Espanya o ang kanyang diumano'y libing doon.

Kahit na si Paul ay pinapakita itong hindi gaanong kapani-paniwala. Sa Roma 15, sinabi niya,

“It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was unknown so that I would not be building on someone else’s foundation” (Romans 15:20),

and he plans to go to Spain next (Romans 15:23; Romans 15:24).

Walang nagdala ng ebanghelyo sa Espanya, ngunit kakaiba para kay Paul na sabihin,

"Mas gusto kong pumunta kung saan wala pang kumalat ng ebanghelyo dati, kung kaya't pupunta ako sa pinuntahan ni James."

The majority of scholars believe James never made it to Spain. He died in Jerusalem, early in the Christian movement. This Spanish missionary journey was not mentioned again until the sixth century, and the discovery of his burial site was simply too fantastical. Despite its mythical origins, this pilgrimage, known as the Camino de Santiago, has remained popular to this day.

lucas cranach the elder, saint james the greater
Lucas Cranach the Elder, Saint James the Greater

San Santiago kasama si Hesus

Si Santiago ay isa sa mga apostol na naghahangad ng kapangyarihan at awtoridad sa iba, na pinarusahan ni Jesus:

“And Zebedee’s sons, James and John, come to him, saying, “Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatever we shall desire.” And he said to them, “What do you want me to do for you?” They said to him, “Grant us a seat in thy glory, one on thy right hand, and the other on thy left.”

(Matthew 10:35; Matthew 10:36; Matthew 10:37; Matthew 10:38; Matthew 10:39; Matthew 10:40)

Ginagamit ni Jesus ang okasyong ito upang muling bigyang-diin ang kanyang aralin tungkol sa kung paano ang isang taong nais na maging "dakila" sa kaharian ng Diyos ay dapat matutong maging "pinakamaliit" dito sa mundo, na naglilingkod sa lahat ng iba pa at inuuna ang kanilang mga pangangailangan at hangarin kaysa sa sarili.

Hindi lamang sila James at John ay pinarusahan para sa paghangad ng kanilang kaluwalhatian, ngunit ang natitirang mga alagad ay pinarusahan din dahil sa pagiging naiinggit dito.

Ito ay isa sa ilang beses sa Bibliya na si Jesus ay sinipi na may maraming sasabihin tungkol sa kapangyarihang pampulitika. Nakatuon siya sa mga isyu sa relihiyon sa karamihan ng oras. Sa kabanata 8, nagbabala siya laban sa tuksuhan ng "lebadura ng mga Pariseo ... at lebadura ni Herodes," ngunit pagdating sa mga detalye, palagi niyang nakatuon ang mga problema ng mga Pariseo.

st. james, son of zebedee
Statue ng Saint James, Anak ni Zebedee

Arrest

James was not the first Christian martyr, as Stephen was, who was stoned to death in Acts 7:54; Acts 7:55; Acts 7:56; Acts 7:57; Acts 7:58; Acts 7:59 Acts 7:60. James died as a result of being beheaded, as recorded in the Book of Acts (Acts 12:1; Acts 12:2; Acts 12:3): “About that time, Herod laid violent hands on some of the church’s members.” He killed James, John’s brother, with the sword, and when he saw that it pleased the Jews, he arrested Peter as well.

Ito ay sa panahon ng Unleavened Bread. " Bilang isang resulta, si Apostol James ay ang unang namatay bilang isang martir. Isang apostol lang, ironically, nakatakas sa kamatayan dahil sa kanyang pananampalataya, at iyon ang kanyang kapatid, si Apostol Juan.

The Death of James

Ang mga martir at tagapagtapat ay ang dalawang uri ng mga santo. Ang isang martir na Kristiyano ay isang taong pinatay para sa kanyang paniniwala sa Kristiyano. Ang mga confessor ay mga taong namatay bilang isang resulta ng natural na mga sanhi.

In 44 AD, King Herod Agrippa I captured and beheaded James for heresy after he made the perilous journey back to Jerusalem to pay his respects. Even though James died in Jerusalem, his ashes were returned to his beloved Galicia, and a church was built over them. This was the beginning of Santiago de Compostela’s cathedral, and the body of St. James is said to be buried there to this day.

artus wolffort saint james the greater reading e1592421579565
San James the Greater

Key Takeaway

Sapagkat siya ay isa sa pinaka-lantad na mga apostol, at ibinigay iyonHaring Herodes killed James, it could have been James’ proclivity to speak boldly for Christ and speak against the evil that Herod was well known for. In any case, the Apostle James was completely transformed by the power of the Holy Spirit.

He was impulsive, outspoken, easily provoked to anger, and highly impulsive, and had a so-called “hair trigger” at one time, but like John, who became known as “the apostle whom Jesus loved” (John 13:23), he became a new creation in Christ (2 Corinthians 5:17) and was forever changed, and today is one of the 12 apostles who will rule or judge the 12 tribes of Israel in God’s coming kingdom (Matthew 19:28). That was the Apostle, James.

Buod

Si Santiago ay isa sa mga unang labingdalawang alagad. Nang ipatawag ni Jesus ang magkakapatid, sina Santiago at Juan ay mga mangingisda sa Dagat ng Galilea kasama ang kanilang amang si Zebedee. Iniwan nila kaagad ang kanilang ama at ang kanilang negosyo upang sundin ang batang rabbi. Dahil palaging binabanggit muna si James, malamang na siya ang mas matanda sa dalawang magkakapatid.

Jesus invited James, John, and Peter three times to witness events that no one else witnessed: the raising of Jairus’ daughter from the dead (Mark 5:37; Mark 5:38; Mark 5:39; Mark 5:40; Mark 5:41; Mark 5:42; Mark 5:43; Mark 5:44; Mark 5:45; Mark 5:46; Mark 5:47), the transfiguration (Matthew 17:1; Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:3), and Jesus’ agony in the Garden of Gethsemane (Matthew 26:36; Matthew 26:37).

james the greater apostle hajdudorog frame
James the Greater Apostle Hajdudorog Frame

Ngunit si James ay hindi nasa itaas na gumawa ng mga pagkakamali. Nang tanggihan ng isang baryong Samaritano si Jesus, nais nilang mag-ipatawag ng apoy mula sa langit. Bilang isang resulta, tinawag silang "Boanerges," o "anak ng kulog." Ang ina nina Santiago at Juan ay napakalayo nang hilingin niya kay Hesus na bigyan ang kanyang mga anak ng mga espesyal na posisyon sa kanyang kaharian.

Dahil sa kanyang debosyon kay Hesus, si Santiago ang una sa labindalawang apostol na na-martyr. Sa utos ni Haring Herodes Agrippa I ng Judea, pinatay siya ng tabak noong mga 44 AD, bilang bahagi ng pangkalahatang pag-uusig sa maagang simbahan.

Sa Bagong Tipan, mayroong dalawang iba pang mga kalalakihan na nagngangalang James: Santiago, anak ni Alfeo, isa pa sa mga piniling apostol ni Cristo, at si Santiago, kapatid ng Panginoon, isang pinuno sa simbahan ng Jerusalem at may akda ng aklat ni Santiago.

Frequently Asked Questions

Who is James in the Bible?

James was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. He is sometimes referred to as James the Greater to distinguish him from James, son of Alphaeus, who is also known as James the Lesser. James was martyred under King Herod Agrippa I in 44 AD. According to tradition, his remains were later brought to Spain, where they are now enshrined in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela.

What miracles did Saint James the Greater perform?

The Book of Acts records that James performed a number of miracles, including healing the sick, raising the dead, and casting out demons. He was also responsible for bringing one of the first Gentile converts to Christianity, converted following a vision of Jesus.

Why is the scallop shell the symbol of St James?

There are a couple of different theories out there as to why the scallop shell is the symbol of James. One theory says that because James’s Piyesta falls on July 25th, which is also the feast day of Saint Helena (the mother of Constantine), scallops were traditionally eaten on her feast day. James was traditionally represented holding a pilgrim’s staff and shell in early Christian iconography, so it’s possible that the connection between him and the shell dates back to this early religious symbolism.
Another theory is that during the Middle Ages, pilgrims would often pick up shells as souvenirs from their travels to Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain, where James is said to be buried.

Where is the tomb of St James?

The tomb of St. James is located in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela in northwestern Spain. It is said to contain the remains of the apostle James the Greater, who is believed to have been martyred in Jerusalem in AD 44. Santiago de Compostela was a major pilgrimage destination in the Middle Ages, and the tomb of St. James was highly venerated by pilgrims. The tomb is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

What is Saint James the Greater known for?

There are many things Saint James the Greater is known for, but perhaps chief among them is his zealousness for spreading the gospel. For James, there was no such thing as too much evangelism; he was always looking for ways to reach more people with the good news of Jesus Christ. This attitude led him to adopt some fairly unorthodox methods, such as going into enemy territory to preach the gospel or traveling to remote regions that had never heard of Christianity. His boldness and commitment earned him a reputation as one of the most effective evangelists of his era.

What is St James the Greater symbol?

St. James the Greater is a symbol of faith and devotion. He was one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ and his feast day is celebrated on July 25. According to legend, St. James led the Christian army to victory against the Muslims in Spain. Because of this, he is also known as Santiago Matamoros (Saint James the Moor slayer). Today, devotees of St. James wear a scallop shell badge as a sign of their pilgrimage to his shrine in Compostela, Spain. The scallop shell also serves as a reminder that we are all called to be pilgrims on our journey through life, seeking after God with all our heart, mind, soul, and strength.

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