San Juan

Apostle John

Saint John
San Juan

According to the New Testament, the Apostle Saint John was one of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles.

He was the son of Zebedee and Salome and was generally regarded as the youngest apostle. James the Greater, another of the Twelve Apostles, was his brother.

Ang Apostol San Juan (aktibo noong unang siglo AD), isa sa12 na mga Apostol ni Jesus, ayon sa kaugalian ay itinuturing na may-akda ng Pang-apat na Ebanghelyo, ang Aklat ng Apocalipsis, at tatlong Mga Sulat, o Mga Sulat, na nagdala ng kanyang pangalan.

Sa buong Ebanghelyo, sina Juan at Santiago, kasama si Pedro, ay inilalarawan bilang angpinaka malapit na nauugnay kay Hesusng lahat ng kanyang mga alagad. Nasaksihan ni Juan, kasama sina Pedro at Santiago, ang supernatural na pakikipag-usap ni Jesus kay Moises at Elias sa Mt. Tabor; noong gabi bago ang kamatayan ni Jesus, naroroon siya sa Halamanan ng Getsemani.

Kapag pinabayaan ng iba ang namamatay na si Jesus, si Juan lamang ang nananatili, at ipinagkatiwala ni Jesus sa kanyang ina, na si Maria, sa kanyang pangangalaga. Matapos ang kamatayan ni Jesus, si Juan ay itinanghal bilang isa sa mga pinuno ng mga alagad na Jesus sa Jerusalem.

Sa aklat ng Mga Gawa, si Juan, kasama sina Pedro at Santiago, ay nagpatotoo tungkol kay Jesus. Siya at si Pedro ay naglakbay patungong Samaria upang kumpirmahin ang mga bagong binyag (Gawa 8:14; Gawa 8:15; Gawa 8:16; Gawa 8:17; Gawa 8:18; Gawa 8:19; Gawa 8:20; Gawa 8:21; Gawa 8:22; Gawa 8:23; Gawa 8:24; Gawa 8:25).

Saint John
San Juan

Birth/Origins

Si Juan, anak ni Zebedee at Salome, ay ipinanganak sa Galilea, malamang sa pagitan ng AD 10 at 15. Ang kanyang ama ay amangingisda, na siyang ginagawa ni Juan noong nakilala niya at sumunod kay Hesus (Marcos 5:37).

Ang kanyang ina ay naging isa sa mga babaeng naglingkod sa mga tagasunod ni Jesus (Marcos 15:40; Marcos 15:41; Marcos 16:1).

Si Santiago, ang kanyang kapatid, ay sumunod din kay Jesus. Parehong binansagan ni Jesus ang magkapatid na Boanerges, na nangangahulugang “mga anak ng kulog” sa Aramaic (Marcos 3:17), about their fiery demeanor toward Jesus.

Diego Velázquez 018 (John the Evangelist from Patmos)
Full title: Saint John the Evangelist on the Island of Patmos Artist: Diego Velazquez Date made: about 1618 Source: http://www.nationalgalleryimages.co.uk/ Contact: picture.library@nationalgallery.co.uk Copyright © The National Gallery, London

Saint John’s Life with Christ

John, one of the first twelve apostles called by Jesus and known as the “beloved disciple,” knew and loved Jesus well. He witnessed him teach and perform miracles. John had the honor of nakaupo sa tabi ni Hesusat nakasandal sa kanyang dibdib sa Huling Hapunan (Juan 13:23).

Siya lamang ang alagad na nanatili sa piling ng Panginoon nang mamatay siya sa krus, kung saan ipinagkatiwala sa kanya ni Jesus ang pangangalaga ng kanyang ina (Juan 19:25; Juan 19:26; Juan 19:27).

Sa pamamagitan ng panalanging pagninilay-nilay sa mga salita at gawa ni Jesus, natanto ni Juan na si Jesus ang daan patungo sa buhay na walang hanggan (Juan 14:6)–isang buhay na ipinahayag muna sa mga alagad, at pagkatapos ay sa lahat ng tao: “Ang aming nakita at narinig ay ipinahahayag namin ngayon sa inyo, upang kayo rin ay magkaroon ng pakikisama sa amin; sapagkat ang ating pakikisama ay nasa Ama at sa kanyang Anak, si Jesu-Kristo” (1 Juan 1:3).

Ang Paglalakbay ni Juan Kasama Si Jesus

During major events, Peter, James, and John traveled with and were close to Jesus. The three were with Jesus when he raised Jairus’ daughter from the dead, as well as during Jesus’ transfiguration when he became robed in light and Moses and Elijah appeared.

Ang tatlong ito ay naroroon din nang si Jesus ay nagdasal sa Hardin ng Getsemani, nakatulog nang maraming beses sa gabi bago ipinako sa krus si Jesus, sa kabila ng mga tagubilin ni Jesus na manatiling gising at manalangin.

Si Pedro at Juan ay inatasan pa rin sa paghahanda ng Huling Hapunan para kay Hesus at sa kanyang mga alagad, ang napakahalagang okasyon nang ipinagkanulo si Jesus at sinimulan ang tradisyon na naging kilala bilang Eukaristiya, o ang tinatawag nating komunyon ngayon.

Sina James at Juan ay masigasig sa kanilang debosyon kay Hesus at sa kanyang mensahe, na kadalasang humantong sa mabilis na pagkilos. Dahil dito, tinukoy ni Jesus ang mga kapatid na "Boanerges" o "Mga Anak ng Kulog."

Nais nilang ipabagsak ang apoy ng langit sa isang pangkat ng mga Samaritano na tinanggihan si Jesus at ang kanyang mga alagad, na nakuha ang mga kapatid na saway mula kay Jesus. Dahil sa kanilang kahalagahan o pagiging malapit kay Jesus, tinanong pa ng dalawa kung maaari ba silang umupo sa mga trono sa tabi niya sa kanyang kaluwalhatian.

St John (Hals)
ST John (Hals)

John in the Scripture

Kilala si John bilang may-akda ng Ebanghelyo ni Juan, pati na rin ang tatlong iba pang mga aklat sa Bagong Tipan, ang Mga Sulat ni Juan at ang Aklat ng Pahayag.

Ang pagiging may-akda ng Ebanghelyo ay iniuugnay sa "disipulo na minahal ni Jesus," atJuan 21:24sinasabing ang Ebanghelyo ni Juan ay batay sa patotoo ng “Minamahal na Disipolo.”

Gayunpaman, ang totoong may-akda ay pinagtatalunan mula pa noong taong 200. Ayon sa Eusebius 'Eklesikal na Kasaysayan, ang Unang Sulat ni Juan at ang Ebanghelyo ni Juan ay tinatanggap bilang kay Juan. Si Eusebius ay nagpapatuloy sa pangalawa at pangatlong puntos.

Achievements

Si San Juan ay ang patron ng mga may-akda, pag-ibig, katapatan, at pagkakaibigan. Sa sining, siya ay madalas na itinatanghal ng isang agila, na sumasagisag sa "taas na kanyang narating sa kanyang ebanghelyo." Ang iba pang mga icon ay naglalarawan sa kanya na tumitingala sa langit at idinidikta ang kanyang Ebanghelyo sa kanyang alagad.

Si Juan ay may hawak na isang awtoridad na posisyon sa unang simbahan, bilang ebidensya ng kanyang pagbisita sa Samaria kasama si San Pedro upang magpandong ng mga kamay sa mga bagong nagbalik-loob. Ginampanan niya ang isang mahalagang papel sa pagbabalik-loob ni San Pablo. Hindi sinusuportahan ng ebidensya ang pagtutol ni John sa pagbibigay ng pagiging miyembro ng mga Gentil sa simbahan.

St John
ST John

Life Facts

Ang nag-iisa lamang na mga apostol na ipinadala ni Jesus upang maghanda para sa huling pagkain sa Paskuwa,ang huling Hapunan, sina Juan at Pedro. Sa halip na mahiga sa mga sopa, umupo si San Juan sa tabi ni Hesus, nakasandal sa kanya habang kumain.

John was the only one of the Twelve Apostles who did not abandon the Savior during His crucifixion. When the Savior appointed him as the guardian of His Mother, he stood faithfully at the cross.

Ayon sa tradisyon ng Simbahan, si Juan ay nagpunta sa Efeso pagkatapos ng Pagpapalagay ni Maria. Nang maglaon, siya ay ipinatapon ng mga Romano sa isla ng Patmos ng Greece, kung saan sinulat niya umano ang Aklat ng Pahayag.

Pagkamatay ni San Juan

According to the most plausible theory of John’s death, he was arrested in Ephesus and faced martyrdom when his enemies threw him into a large basin of boiling oil. However, according to legend, John was miraculously saved from death. The authorities then sentenced John to slave labor in Patmos’ mines.

Si Juan ay may pangitain tungkol kay Jesucristo at isinulat ang makahulang aklat ng Pahayag sa islang ito sa katimugang Dagat ng Aegean. Nang maglaon, posibleng dahil sa pagtanda, si apostol Juan ay pinalaya at bumalik sa tinatawag ngayong Turkey. Mapayapa siyang namatay bilang isang matandang lalaki makalipas ang AD 98, ang nag-iisang apostol na gumawa nito.

Si Juan ay may pangitain tungkol kay Jesucristo at isinulat ang makahulang aklat ng Pahayag sa islang ito sa katimugang Dagat ng Aegean. Nang maglaon, posibleng dahil sa pagtanda, si apostol Juan ay pinalaya at bumalik sa tinatawag ngayong Turkey. Mapayapa siyang namatay bilang isang matandang lalaki makalipas ang AD 98, ang nag-iisang apostol na gumawa nito.

Ang isa pang teorya tungkol sa pagkamatay ni John ay naiugnay sa Papias ng Hierapolis, isang obisyong pangalawang siglo. Ayon sa isang interpretasyon ng mga sinulat ni Papias, si Juan ay pinatay ng isang pangkat ng mga lalaking Hudyo. Gayunman, maraming mga istoryador ang naniniwala na si Papias ay na-misquote o maling nabasa, na nagdududa sa kredibilidad ng teorya.

Mayroon ding alamat na nagsasabing si Juan ay hindi namatay ngunit sa halip ay umakyat nang direkta sa langit, tulad nina Enoch at Elijah. Walang ebidensyang bibliya upang suportahan ang kuwentong ito.

Sa wakas, hindi na kailangang malaman kung paano namatay si apostol Juan. Ang mahalaga ay hindi niya ikinahihiya si Kristo at handang mamatay para sa kanyang pananampalataya (tingnanLucas 9:26). Ang isang tao ay hindi mamamatay para sa isang bagay na kanyang pinaniniwalaan. Ang isang tao ay hindi mamamatay para sa isang bagay na alam niyang isang kasinungalingan. Alam ni Juan ang katotohanan na nabuhay na mag-uli si Jesus, at handa siyang mamatay kaysa talikuran ang kanyang pananampalataya sa kanyang Tagapagligtas.

St. John the Apostle and Evangelist
St. John the Apostle and Evangelist

Key Takeaway

Ang Diyos ang tumatawag, at ang mga tao ay tumutugon. Ang bokasyon ni Juan at ng kanyang kapatid na si James, pati na rin si Pedro at ang kanyang kapatid na si Andres, ay nasabi nang simple sa mga Ebanghelyo: Tinawag sila ni Jesus; sumunod sila. Ipinapakita ng account ang pagiging ganap ng kanilang tugon.

“Sila ay nasa isang bangka, kasama ang kanilang amang si Zebedeo, na inaayos ang kanilang mga lambat. Ipinatawag niya sila, at agad nilang iniwan ang kanilang bangka at ama upang sumunod sa kanya” (Mateo 4:21; Mateo 4:22).

Ang pananampalatayang iyon ay gagantimpalaan ng isang espesyal na pakikipagkaibigan kay Jesus para sa tatlong dating mangingisda — sina Pedro, Santiago, at Juan. Sila lamang ang nakasaksi sa Pagbabagong-anyo, pagpapalaki ng anak na babae ni Jairus, at ang paghihirap sa Gethsemane. Ngunit ang pagkakaibigan ni John ay isang bagay na espesyal. Inilahad sa kanya ng tradisyon ang Pang-apat na Ebanghelyo, ngunit karamihan sa mga modernong iskolar ng Bibliya ay naniniwala na ang apostol at ang ebanghelista ay hindi magkaparehong tao.

Characteristics of Apostle John

Characteristics of Saint John (also referred to as Saint John by the Catholic church) made us understand that sometimes he was confused with John the Baptist perhaps, these men were two very different figures in Biblical history. John the Apostle was the younger brother of James and also a fisherman. John is known for writing five books of the Bible.

John, too, seems to have had a similar disposition—at least during the early part of his relationship with Christ—when, along with his brother James, he blazed in anger at the Samaritans who would not give Jesus hospitality for the night. With good reason, just as explained in the characteristics of the 12 apostles Jesus had given the brothers the name ‘Boanerges’—sons of thunder. Of the 12 disciples, Simon, the Zealot, appeared to be hot-headed, and he, too, was chosen by Jesus to be His disciple.

Saint John
San Juan

John a Hot-headed Man

The Galilean fishermen, of whom John was one, were notoriously tough and volatile characters who would not hesitate to speak out plainly on any occasion which concerned them.

Peter, for example, when confronted during Christ’s trial by a young girl who accused him of being one of His disciples, lapsed into swearing and cursing (Matthew 26:74).

John’s passionate disposition was held in check and under control, and he was allowed to vent only on occasions when it was permissible and even necessary. In John’s gospel writings, note the intensity that he had displayed, but directed only against those who refused to believe in and acknowledge Jesus as the Christ.

John, too, seems to have had a similar disposition—at least during the early part of his relationship with Christ—when, along with his brother James, he blazed in anger at the Samaritans who would not give Jesus hospitality for the night.

With good reason, it seems, Jesus had given the brothers the name ‘Boanerges’—sons of thunder (Marcos 3:17).

Apostle John the Theologian on the island of Patmos. Mironov
Apostle John the Theologian on the island of Patmos. Mironov

John; an Ambitious Man

No doubt, as Jesus expounded to His disciples the truths concerning the coming Kingdom, those who were more ambitious coveted a privileged position in the new regime.

Peter, on one occasion, wanted to know from Christ what his reward would be for having left all to follow Him (Mark 10:28).

Again, when traveling to Capernaum, the disciples were found arguing among themselves as to who was the greatest among them (Mark 9:34). It is evident from this and other incidents in the disciples’ lives that ambition was high on their list of priorities.

James and John, probably encouraged by their mother, wanted the two top jobs in the Kingdom and are considered by many commentators to be the two most ambitious disciples.

John the Beloved Disciple

It seems, from the record contained in the Gospels, that John became the closest to Jesus of all the disciples.

John occupied the place of honor at the Last Supper, where he could engage in close and intimate conversation with his Master (Juan 13:23;John 13:24;John 13:25;John 13:26).

This closeness between himself and Jesus is also seen as we study the Gospel he wrote, for there we see signs of an intimate understanding of the ideas of the Lord that is not quite evident in the writings of Matthew.

He selects John to be the one who will have the responsibility for His mother, Mary.

This close relationship between Jesus and John comes over most clearly in the moments before Jesus’ death, when He selects John to be the one who will have the responsibility for the care of His mother, Mary.

A Special Trio

During the three-year period in which Jesus talked and walked with His disciples, there were several occasions when He took three of them apart for a special purpose. The three who were singled out for this special favor were Peter, James, and John.

The first of these occasions was in the house of Jairus when Jesus raised the ruler’s dead daughter back to life.
The second was on the Mount of Transfiguration when Jesus was transfigured before them.
And the third was in the Garden of Gethsemane when Jesus took them into the heart of the garden so that they might be with Him during His deep spiritual struggle.

Interestingly, all three occasions when Jesus took Peter, James, and John apart were connected with the theme of death.

Saint John the Apostle
Saint John the Apostle

A Caring Friend

Although John was once a ‘son of thunder,’ it becomes obvious that his relationship with Jesus changed him from a proud zealot into a kind, deeply loving, and considerate person.

So, amazing is the change in John that he seems altogether a different disciple to the one who teamed up with Jesus in the beginning.

What produced such a dramatic change?

We have already seen that it resulted from spending time in the presence of Jesus, listening to His words, and imbibing His spirit. John was a good learner, for what Jesus taught and demonstrated he not only saw and heard but assimilated into his person and put it into daily practice.

An Active Missionary

In the early days of the Christian Church in Jerusalem, it seems that the believers met to pray, not only in their homes but also in the Temple (Acts 2:46).

On one occasion, when John and Peter passed through the Beautiful Gate on the way to the Temple, they encountered a beggar asking for alms.

Peter and John were unable to give any financial help, but they gave him something better—healing and deliverance through the Name of Jesus.

The healing of the lame man resulted in the immediate gathering together of a great crowd which, in turn, furnished them with the opportunity to present the claims of Jesus Christ to the people.

As a result of their preaching, they were both charged not to preach anymore, but they decided to disobey the authorities and continue their anointed witness to the Lord Jesus.

Mga Katangian ng Buod

With his fiery temperament and special devotion to the Savior, John gained a favored place in Christ’s inner circle. His enormous impact on the early Christian church and his larger-than-life personality makes him a fascinating character study. His writings reveal contrasting traits.

For instance, on the first Easter morning, with his typical zeal and enthusiasm, John raced Peter to the tomb after Mary Magdalene reported that it was now empty. Although John won the race and bragged about this achievement in his Gospel (John 20:1;John 20:2;John 20:3;John 20:4;John 20:5;John 20:6;John 20:7;John 20:8;John 20:9), he humbly allowed Peter to enter the tomb first.

Katotohanan

There are John the Apostle facts that made us know that he wrote more about love than any other New Testament author. His proximity to Jesus taught him much about love. He played a leading role in the early church in Jerusalem. John was the son of Zebedee, a Galilean fisherman, and Salome. In the Gospel According to Mark, he is always mentioned after James and was no doubt the younger brother. His mother was among those women who ministered to the circle of disciples. He was exiled to the island of Patmos under Domitian, but after his death, John was allowed to return to Ephesus where he governed churches in Asia until his death at about A.D. 100.

Apostle John Logo
Apostle John Logo

John the Apostle Facts and Symbols

John’s symbol is a snake in a cup. Traditional sources claim that John was the only apostle to live a long life and die of natural causes. That, however, doesn’t mean that he never faced persecution.

The same sources claim that the Romans tried to poison John with a cup of wine. When that didn’t work, they threw him into a vat of boiling oil. When he still didn’t die, they exiled him to the island of Patmos where he wrote Revelation.

John wrote more books of the New Testament than anyone except the apostle Paul. His most important work was the Gospel of John, which is the most mystical and symbolic of the gospels. He also wrote Revelation, as mentioned above, and the three letters of John.

St John Trivia

John the Apostle is often depicted as an aged man with a white or grey beard in Byzantine art or as a beardless youth in the art of Medieval Western Europe. In Medieval paintings, sculptures, and literature, he is also often presented as an androgynous or feminine figure.

John the Apostle’s Facts and Miracles

The KJV of the Bible does not record any miracles done by John. However, in Acts, he is present when Peter invokes Jesus’ name to heal a lame man. John’s enormous contributions do include the Gospel of John, 1,2,3 John, and the Book of Revelations.

The highest pinnacle of John’s time with Jesus is debatable. Was it being at Jesus’ transfiguration? Was it at being the first of the male disciples to enter Jesus’ empty tomb? Or was it his vision of the End Times? As for me, I think John’s greatest accomplishment may well have been entrusted by Jesus to care for Jesus’ mother Mary after Christ’s crucifixion.

Later Life & Death

While it is unknown for how long John the Apostle stayed in Judea, he and the other disciples were scattered through the Roman Empire’s provinces as Herod Agrippa began the persecution of Christians. He took care of the mother of Jesus until the Assumption of Mary and then went to Ephesus where he wrote his three epistles.

According to Christian writer Tertullian, for preaching the gospel, Roman authorities exiled him to the Greek island of Patmos after throwing him into boiling oil from which he escaped unscathed. He received the revelation from Christ in Patmos, where he wrote the ‘Book of Revelation’.

He eventually returned to Ephesus, where he died of old age sometime after 98 C.E., and was buried in modern-day Selçuk, Turkey, where his tomb is located. While early second-century bishop Papias of Hierapolis claimed that he was slain by the Jews, many doubt the authenticity of the claim, with some arguing that it was John the Baptist.

Liturgical commemoration

The feast day of Saint John in the Roman Catholic Church, which calls him “Saint John, Apostle and Evangelist”, and in the Anglican Communion and Lutheran Calendars, which call him “Saint John the Apostle and Evangelist”, is on 27 December. In the Tridentine Calendar, he was commemorated also on each of the following days up to and including 3 January, the Octave of the 27 December feast. This Octave was abolished by Pope Pius XII in 1955. The traditional liturgical color is white.

Until 1960, another feast day that appeared in the General Roman Calendar is that of “Saint John Before the Latin Gate” on May 6, celebrating a tradition recounted by Jerome that St John was brought to Rome during the reign of Emperor Domitian, and was thrown in a vat of boiling oil, from which he was miraculously preserved unharmed. A church (San Giovanni a Porta Latina) dedicated to him was built near the Latin gate of Rome, the traditional site of this event.

The Orthodox Church and those Eastern Catholic Churches which follow the Byzantine Rite commemorate the “Repose of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist John the Theologian” on September 26.

On May 8 they celebrate the “Feast of the Holy Apostle and Evangelist John the Theologian“, on which date Christians used to draw forth from his grave fine ashes which were believed to be effective for healing the sick.

Other Christians highly revere him but do not canonize or venerate saints.

Jan Massijs - The Apocalypse of Saint John the Evangelist (1563)
Jan Massijs - The Apocalypse of Saint John the Evangelist (1563)

Buod ni Saint John

Si San Juan na Apostol, anak ni Zebedee at Salome, ay isa sa Labindalawang Apostol ni Jesus. Itinalaga ng ating Panginoon si Juan bilang isang Apostol sa unang taon ng Kanyang paglilingkod sa publiko. Inaakalang siya ay kapareho ni John the Evangelist, John of Patmos, at ang Minamahal na Disipulo.

St. James the Great, another of Jesus’ Twelve Apostles, was John’s older brother. The brothers were referred to by Jesus as “Boanerges,” which means “sons of thunder.” John is thought to be the longest-living apostle and the only one who did not die as a martyr.

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