Saint Jude

Apostle Jude

Saint Jude
Saint Jude

Jude, Thaddeus, or Lebbeus, son of Alpheus or Cleophas and Mary. He was James the Younger’s younger brother. St. Jude the Apostle lived in Galilee and was one of the lesser-known Apostles. According to legend, he preached in Assyria and Persia and died as a martyr in Persia.

Jude was dubbed “Trinomious” by Jerome, which translates as “a man with three names”. In Marcos 3:18, he is referred to as Thaddeus. In Matthew 10:3, he is referred to as Lebbeus. Thaddeus was his surname. He is referred to as Judas the brother of Saint James the Less in Luke 6:16 and Gawa 1:13.

Judas Thaddeus was also known as Judas the Zealot. He was a ferocious and violent nationalist who aspired to world power and dominance for the Chosen People. According to the New Testament (John 14:22), at the Last Supper, he asked Jesus,

"Ngunit Panginoon, bakit nilalayon mong ipakita ang iyong sarili sa amin at hindi sa mundo?"

Si Judas Thaddeus ay sabik na ipakilala si Cristo sa buong mundo. Gayunpaman, hindi bilang isang nagdurusa na Tagapagligtas, ngunit bilang isang namumunong Hari. Ang sagot na ibinigay sa kanya ni Jesus ay malinaw na ipinapakita na ang paraan ng kapangyarihan ay hindi maaaring palitan ng paraan ng pag-ibig.

Sinasabing si Jude ay nagtungo sa Edessa, malapit sa Ilog Euphrates, upang ipangaral ang ebanghelyo. Pinagaling niya ang maraming tao roon, at maraming tao ang naniwala sa pangalan ng Guro.

Jude then went on to preach the Gospel in other places. At Ararat, he was killed with arrows. The ship was chosen as his symbol because he was a missionary who was mistaken for a fisherman.

Święty Juda Tadeusz (obraz El Greca)
Święty Juda Tadeusz (obraz El Greca)

Birth & Early Life

Si San Jude ay ipinanganak sa isang pamilyang Hudyo sa Paneas, isang bayan ng Galilea na itinayong muli ng mga Romano at pinalitan ang pangalan ng Caesarea Philippi. Tulad ng halos lahat ng kanyang mga kapanahon sa lugar na iyon, malamang na siya ay isang magsasaka na nagsasalita ng parehong Greek at Aramaic.

Si San Jude ay anak nina Clopas at Mary, pinsan ng Birheng Maria. Ayon sa alamat, ang ama ni Jude, si Clopas, ay pinatay dahil sa kanyang lantad at lantad na debosyon sa nabuhay na Cristo.

St. Thaddeus, St. Sandukht and other Christians in Sanatruk's prison
St. Thaddeus, St. Sandukht and other Christians in Sanatruk's prison

Katotohanan

The apostle Jude was one of Jesus’ 12 Apostles, and his symbol is a club. A flame around Jude’s head is often depicted in images of him, representing his presence at Pentecost, when he accepted the Holy Spirit alongside the other apostles. Another feature is St. Jude holding a representation of Christ in the Image of Edessa.

Minsan siya ay inilalarawan kasama ng pinuno ng isang karpintero o isang scroll o libro, posibleng ang Sulat ni Jude. Sumasang-ayon ang mga iskolar ng Bibliya naJude was the son of Clopas, at ang kanyang ina na si Maria ay pinsan ng Birheng Maria.

Ayon sa mga sinaunang manunulat, ipinangaral ni Jude ang Ebanghelyo sa Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, at Lybia. Bumalik siya sa Jerusalem noong taong 62, ayon kay Eusebius, at tumulong sa halalan ng kanyang kapatid na si San Simeon, bilang Obispo ng Jerusalem.

Jude is not the same as Hudas Iscariot, na nagtaksil sa Aming Panginoon at naging masiraan ng loob dahil sa kanyang malaking kasalanan at kawalan ng pananalig sa awa ng Diyos.

Si Jude ang nagtanong kay Hesus sa Huling Hapunan kung bakit hindi Siya magpapakita sa buong mundo pagkatapos ng Kanyang pagkabuhay na mag-uli. Wala nang ibang nalalaman sa kanyang buhay.

According to legend, he visited Beirut and Edessa and may have been martyred alongside St. Simon in Persia.

He is the author of an epistle (letter) to the Eastern Churches, particularly Jewish converts, addressing the heresies of the Simonians, Nicolaites, and Gnostics. Though Saint Gregory the Illuminator is known as the “Apostle to the Armenians,” the Apostles Jude and Bartholomew are credited with bringing Christianity to Armenia, where Jude was later martyred.

Buste reliquaire - St. Jude
Buste reliquaire - St. Jude

Travels and Missionary

St. Jude Thaddeus accompanied St. Simon on his journey through Libya, Turkey, Persia, and Mesopotamia. They worked together to spread the gospel and convert many people to Christianity. He is widely credited with helping to establish the Armenian Church and other congregations outside of the Roman Empire.

Sumulat si San Jude ng isang liham sa mga bagong nagawang Kristiyano sa Silangang Simbahan na inuusig noong 60 AD Sa kanyang liham, binalaan niya sila na mag-ingat sa mga maling guro sa ngayon na nagkalat ng maling aral tungkol sa Kristiyanismo. Hinimok niya sila na magtiyaga at manatiling matatag sa kanilang pananampalataya sa harap ng matitinding katotohanan na kinaharap nila.

Death & Martyrdom

Despite the widespread persecution of Christians at the time, St. Jude Thaddeus stood firm in his beliefs and eventually paid the price for his faith. He is thought to have been martyred in Persia or Syria around the year 65 A.D. In religious art, he is frequently depicted holding an axe or a club, which represents how he was martyred.

Matapos ang kanyang kamatayan, ang bangkay ng apostol ay dinala sa Roma at inilagay sa isang crypt sa ilalim ng Basilica ni San Pedro. Ang kanyang mga labi ay nakalagay sa kaliwang transept ng San Pedro's Basilica, sa ilalim ng pangunahing dambana ng St. Joseph, sa isang libingan kasama ang apostol na si Simon Zealot.

Maraming mga deboto ang bumibisita pa rin sa site bilang isang marka ng paggalang at paghanga. Si St. Jude Thaddeus ay kilala bilangang santo ng patron ng walang pag-asa sanhi at desperadong sitwasyondahil sa kanyang hindi matitinag na pananampalataya.

St. Jude New Phototastic Collage
Saint Jude Bagong Phototastic Collage

What is his Legacy?

Ipinangaral niya ang Ebanghelyo nang may kasigasigan, madalas sa pinakamasubok na pangyayari. Gumawa siya ng isang makabuluhang pagkakaiba sa buhay ng mga tao sa pamamagitan ng pagbibigay sa kanila ng Salita ng Diyos sa pamamagitan ng kapangyarihan ng Banal na Espiritu. Ayon sa Ebanghelyo, si San Jude ay isang kapatid ni St. James the Less, na isang Apostol din.

Debosyon kay Saint Jude ngayon

Jude is now regarded as a saint by Christians of various denominations, particularly Roman Catholics, Orthodox, and Anglicans. Saints – God’s holy men and women both on earth and in heaven – are regarded as models of how to follow Jesus Christ and as “intercessors” in the Catholic tradition (and others) of Christianity. Because the saints in heaven live fully in God’s presence while remaining bound to those on earth by love bonds, they present our needs to God.

St. Jude Novena
“Apostol at Martir, dakila sa kabutihan at mayaman sa mga himala, malapit sa kamag-anak ni Jesucristo, tapat na tagapamagitan para sa lahat na humihiling sa iyo, espesyal na tagapagtaguyod sa oras ng pangangailangan; sa iyo, ako ay humiwalay mula sa kaibuturan ng aking puso, at mapagpakumbabang humingi sa iyo, na pinagkalooban ng Diyos ng napakalaking kapangyarihan, na tulungan ka; tulungan mo ako ngayon sa aking kagyat na pangangailangan at ibigay ang aking taimtim na petisyon. Hindi ko makakalimutan ang iyong mga biyaya at mga pabor na iyong nakukuha para sa akin at gagawin ko ang aking makakaya upang maikalat ang debosyon sa iyo. Amen. "
St. Jude prayer card child's pencil coloring
Saint Jude prayer card pangkulay ng lapis ng bata

Key Takeaway

Jude is said to have preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Libya. He is also said to have visited Beirut and Edessa, though the latter mission is credited to Thaddeus of Edessa, one of the Seventy. He is said to have died as a martyr alongside Si Simon na Zealot in Persia. Nicephorus Callistus, a fourteenth-century writer, makes Jude the bridegroom at the wedding at Cana.

Kahit na si Saint Gregory the Illuminator ay kredito bilang "Apostol sa mga Armenian" nang bininyagan niya si Haring Tiridates III ng Armenia noong 301 CE, na kinukumpirma ang mga Armenian, sina Apostol Jude at Apostol Bartholomew ay ayon sa kaugalian ay pinaniniwalaan na ang unang nagdala ng Kristiyanismo sa Ang Armenia at sa gayon ay iginagalang bilang mga patron ng Armenian Apostolic Church. Ang Thaddeus Monastery ay naiugnay sa tradisyong ito.

To read more about Saint Jude, then please read the story of St Jude.

Mga katangian

Characteristics of Saint Jude Thaddeus (also known as Judas (but not Judas the Betrayer), son of James and Lebbaeus): Thaddeus (also referred to as Saint Jude in the Catholic church) is believed to have been the nickname or surname of Judas. There is some confusion about whether Thaddeus was the brother or son of James, but it is known that they were related.

Thaddeus is known as a disciple of three names, being that he is referred to as Thaddeus, Judas, and Lebbaeus. Thaddeus was not a leader of the twelve disciples, and he is not mentioned often throughout The Bible. According to the characteristics of the 12 apostles, little is known about the character, life, and ministry of Thaddaeus. The New Testament records only one event involving Thaddeus: his question to Jesus during a message to the disciples after the Huling Hapunan:

Saint Jude
Saint Jude

Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him,

“Lord, what then has happened that You are going to disclose Yourself to us and not to the world?”

Jesus answered and said to him,

“If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him and make Our abode with him”

A skeptic

The Gospel of John tells us that Jesus’ brothers encouraged him to go perform miracles in Judea, and it suggests a reason why they wanted him to go:

Jesus’ brothers said to him, Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the works you do. No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world. For even his brothers did not believe in him. John 7:35

One of those brothers who didn’t believe in Jesus may have been Jude. At this point in the gospel narrative, Jesus had already performed many miracles and called his disciples. So it would be a little odd for Jesus to be this far along in his ministry and still have a disciple who didn’t believe in him.

It is worth noting, though, Jesus had at least four brothers, and John doesn’t specifically say that all of them didn’t believe in him. So it’s possible that his brother Judas believed, but the others didn’t. It is also possible that Jesus’s brother Judas wasn’t the same person as Judas.

Rosary Shrine St Jude
Rosary Shrine St Jude

A Missionary

The Golden Legenda thirteenth-century text containing biographies of saints records that Judas started preaching in Mesopotamia, then partnered with Simon, the Zealot:

We also know that Thaddeus, like other disciples, preached the gospel in the years following the death of Jesus. Tradition holds that he preached in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Libya, possibly alongside Simon the Zealot. Church tradition holds that Thaddeus founded a church in Edessa and was crucified there as a martyr.

Author

Thaddeus learned the gospel directly from Jesus and loyally served Christ despite hardship and persecution. He preached as a missionary following Jesus’ resurrection. He may have penned the book of Jude. The final two verses of Jude contain a doxology, or “expression of praise to God,” considered the finest in the New Testament.

Intense and Curious

SaJohn 14:22, Thaddeus asked Jesus, Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large? This question uncovered a few things about Thaddeus. Number one, Thaddeus was comfortable in his relationship with Jesus, enough to stop the Lord in the middle of his teaching to ask a question.

Thaddeus was curious to know why Jesus would reveal himself to the disciples but not to the whole world. This demonstrated that Thaddeus had a compassionate heart for the world. He wanted everyone to know Jesus.

Inspirational

Around the year 60 A.D., St. Jude wrote a Gospel letter to recent Christian converts in Eastern churches which were under persecution. In it, he warned them against the pseudo-teachers of the day who were spreading false ideas about the early Christian faith.

He encouraged them to persevere in the face of the harsh, difficult circumstances they were in, just as their forefathers had done before them. He urged them to keep their faith and to stay in the love of God as they had been taught. His inspirational support of these early believers led to him becoming the patron saint of desperate cases.

Key Takeaway

Thaddeus was also called Judas the Zealot and was a very enthusiastic and intense individual. The only incident recorded of Judas is in John 14:22, where during Christ’s address to the disciples after the last supper he put the question.

Judas (not Iscariot) said to Him, Lord, what then has happened that You will disclose Yourself to us, and not to the world?

Jesus answered and said to him, If anyone loves Me, he will keep My word; and My Father will love him, and We will come to him, and make Our abode with him. He who does not love Me does not keep My words, and the word you hear is not Mine, but the Fathers who sent Me.

He seems to have been a follower who needed to fall in love with his Lord.

Mga Katangian ng Buod

St. Jude, known as Thaddaeus, was a brother of St. James the Less and a relative of Our Saviour. He was one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus, and his attribute is a club. Images of St. Jude often include a flame around his head, which represents his presence at Pentecost when he accepted the Holy Spirit alongside the other apostles. Another attribute is St. Jude holding an image of Christ in the Image of Edessa.

Sometimes he can also be seen holding a carpenter’s ruler or is depicted with a scroll or book, the Epistle of Jude.

Biblical scholars agree St. Jude was a son of Clopas, and his mother Mary was the Virgin Mary’s cousin. Ancient writers tell us that he preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Lybia. According to Eusebius, he returned to Jerusalem in the year 62 and assisted his brother, St. Simeon, as Bishop of Jerusalem.

Resources Characteristics

https://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=127
https://www.blueletterbible.org/study/misc/apostles.cfm
https://gbible.org/doctrines-post/the-12-apostles/
https://www.exploringlifesmysteries.com/twelve-disciples/#thaddeus
https://stjudedetroit.org/st-jude-biography/

Katotohanan

Facts about Saint Jude Thaddeus, Jude is known as Jude, Thaddeus, and Lebbaeus, this article shares in-depth facts about how the apostle Jude lived in obscurity as one of the Twelve. He did ask Jesus a question in John 14:22,

“Lord, why are you going to reveal yourself only to us and not to the world at large?”

Jude seemed overly concerned with this question. Christ responded by saying He would reveal Himself to anyone who loved Him. The earliest tradition says that Judas, son of James, a few years after Pentecost, took the gospel north to Edessa. There he healed the King of Edessa, Abgar. Eusebius the historian said the archives at Edessa contained the visit of Jude and the healing of Abgar (the records have now been destroyed).

Apostle Jude Logo
Apostle Jude Logo

Facts and Symbol

The traditional symbol of Jude is a club and tradition says he was clubbed to death for his faith.

History refers to Jude under a couple of different names. He was called Judas, though we tend to shorten it to Jude to distance him from the other Judas, Thaddeus, or Labels.

Jude’s symbol is a ship because he was known for his missionary voyages. Tradition states that he traveled with Si Simon na Zealot on his missionary journeys.

Artists also represent Jude with the symbol of an axe. Traditional sources claim that Jude was killed in Beirut by beheading with an axe.

After he was killed, his body was delivered to Rome.

Saint Jude Thaddeus
San Jude Tadeo

Definitely not Judas Iscariot

Depending on the translation you use, you may see Jude listed as Jude or Judas. These are two variations of the same Greek name, which is derived from the Hebrew and Aramaic name, Judah.

Some scholars believe “Jude” first worked its way into our English translations to help avoid confusion with Judas Iscariote, whose name practically became a synonym for a traitor in art, literature, and popular culture.

A man named Judas—presumably Jude the apostle—appears in John 14:22, and John makes a point of telling us this is not Judas Iscariot.

Some suggest this aversion to the name Judas is the same reason why Saint Matthew and Saint Mark replaced Jude with Thaddeus in their lists of disciples. But this is speculation.

Most other languages use a single name for both of these disciples and let their descriptions make the distinction.

Miracles or Help Provided by Saint Jude Thaddeus

As mentioned before, San Jude Tadeo is the patron of desperate cases, He is the patron saint of impossible causes because he urges Christians to stay close to Christ during hard times.

Many people report that Saint Jude helped them. Some people call this help miracles.

This includes but is not limited to cures for diseases, improved family situation, better health, job opportunities, family problems solved, success in school, and improvement of finances.

Saint Jude
Saint Jude - Anthonis van Dyck

Jude AKA Thaddeus

In two of the lists of apostles, Jude appears to be referred to as Thaddeus (Mateo 10:2;Matthew 10:3;Mateo 10:4;Marcos 3:16;Mark 3:17;Marcos 3:18;Mark 3:19). Since these two names appear in about the same place in the lists, and the other names are consistent, church tradition (and most modern scholars) have always assumed Thaddeus was a nickname for Jude of James.

Since the name Judas had such strong negative associations in the early church, it wouldn’t be surprising if Jude preferred to go by another name, or if Matthew and Mark used the nickname to avoid confusion.

Did Jude the Apostle Write the Epistle of Jude?

Most traditions assume Jude the Apostle wrote the Epistle of Jude because they assume he’s the same person as Jesus’ brother Jude. But unfortunately, Jude was a super common name, and this relies on assumptions. Today’s scholars have mixed opinions on Jude’s authorship.

How is He Honored in the Catholic Church Today?

The Order of the Dominicans began working in Armenia in the 12th century, where St. Jude was already very prominent in Christian circles. The continued impact of the Dominicans carried over into the Americas, centering in North America around Chicago. The Chicago Police Department has made him their patron saint, as well as several soccer teams around the world.

Interesting facts about Saint Jude
Interesting facts about Saint Jude - Infographic created by Marilyn Nash

Jude of James

“Jude of James” is one of the least-known members of the Twelve. He may have been one of Jesus’ brothers. He may have been the author of the Epistle of Jude. Or not. He had a common name, and the only description we have just links him to another common name.

But regardless of who he was and where he went, what we do know is that one of Jude Thaddeus facts is that Jesus called him, he followed, and he played a role at the beginning of a tiny movement that became the world’s largest religion.

Facts about Saint Jude Veneration

According to tradition, after his martyrdom, pilgrims came to his grave to pray and many of them experienced the powerful intercessions of St. Jude. Thus, the title, ‘The Saint for the Hopeless and the Despaired’. St. Bridget of Sweden and St. Bernard had visions from God asking each to accept St. Jude as ‘The Patron Saint of the Impossible’.

The feast day of St. Jude is the 28th of October (Roman Catholic Church, Episcopal Church, and Lutheran Church) and 19 June and 21 August (Eastern Orthodox Church).

The Order of Preachers (better known as the Dominicans) began working in present-day Armenia soon after their founding in 1216. At that time, there was already a substantial devotion to Saint Jude by both Catholic and Orthodox Christians in the area.

This lasted until persecution drove Christians from the area in the 18th century. Devotion to Saint Jude began again in earnest in the 19th century, starting in Italy and Spain, spreading to South America, and finally to the United States (starting in the vicinity of Chicago) owing to the influence of the Claretians and the Dominicans in the 1920s.

Among some Roman Catholics, Saint Jude is venerated as the “patron saint of lost causes“. This practice stems from the belief that few Christians invoked him for misplaced fear of praying to Christ’s betrayer, Judas Iscariot, because of their similar names.

The ignored Jude thus supposedly became quite eager to assist anyone who sought his help, to the point of interceding in the direst of circumstances. The Church also wanted to encourage veneration of this “forgotten” apostle and maintained that Saint Jude would intercede in any lost cause to prove his sanctity and zeal for Christ.

Another of the Jude Thaddeus Facts is that he is the patron saint of the Chicago Police Department, of Clube de Regatas, do Flamengo (a soccer team in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and of St Jude’s GAA team based in Southampton & Bournemouth (UK).

His other patronages include desperate situations and hospitals. One of his namesakes is St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, Tennessee, which has helped many children with terminal illnesses and their families since its founding in 1962.

Facts about Saint Jude Reflection

As in the case of all the apostles except for Peter, James, and John, we are faced with really unknown men, and we are struck by the fact that their holiness is simply taken to be a gift of Christ.

He chose some unlikely people: a former Zealot, a former (crooked) tax collector, an impetuous fisherman, two “sons of thunder,” and a man named Judas Iscariot.

It is a reminder that we cannot receive too often. Holiness does not depend on human merit, culture, personality, effort, or achievement. It is entirely God’s creation and gift.

God needs no Zealots to bring about the kingdom by force. Jude, like all the saints, is the saint of the impossible: Only God can create his divine life in human beings. And God wills to do so, for all of us.

Conclusion Facts

To conclude the Jude Thaddeus Facts, Thaddeus (also known as Judas (but not Judas the Betrayer), son of James and Lebbaeus): Thaddeus (also referred to as Saint Jude in the Catholic church) is believed to have been the nickname or surname of Judas.

There is some confusion as to whether Thaddeus was the brother or son of James but it is known that they were related. Thaddeus is known as a disciple of three names being that he is referred to as Thaddeus, Judas, and Lebbaeus.

Resources Facts

https://stjudethaddaeus.wordpress.com/welcome-to-my-website-dedicates-to-saint-jude-thaddaeus-the-patron-saint-of-desperate-and-of-lost-causes/
https://www.franciscanmedia.org/saint-of-the-day/saints-simon-and-jude

Buod

Si Saint Jude, na kilala rin bilang Saint Jude Thaddeus, ay iginagalang bilang Patron Saint of Hopeless Causes sa buong mundo. Siya ay pinsan ni Jesucristo at isa sa labindalawang Apostol. Ipinangaral niya ang Ebanghelyo nang may katapangan, madalas sa pinakamahirap na pangyayari.

Si San Jude ay madalas na inilalarawan na nagdadala ng isang representasyon ni Jesus. Ayon sa tradisyon, naalala nito ang isang himala kung saan ang isang hari na nahapdi ng ketong ay gumaling matapos siyang bigyan ng isang tela na pinindot sa mukha ni Cristo.

Maraming mga tao sa desperadong pangangailangan ay nanalangin kay Saint Jude sa buong edad. Sinabi ni Saint Bridget ng Sweden na nakadirekta siya sa isang pangitain na manalangin kay Saint Jude na may malalim na pananampalataya at kumpiyansa.

"Sa kanyang apelyido, si Thaddeus, ang kaibig-ibig o mapagmahal, si Saint Jude ay magpapakita sa kanyang sarili na higit na handang tumulong,"

inaangkin niyang sinabi sa kanya ni Christ.

Ngayon, si Saint Jude ay nananatiling isa sa pinakatanyag at minamahal na mga Santo, isang makalangit na tagapamagitan para sa lahat na humihingi ng tulong sa Diyos sa mga oras ng krisis sa pamilya, karamdaman, at gulo, lalo na kung ang lahat ng pag-asa ay tila nawala.

Kayamanan

https://www.rosaryshrineofstjude.org/who-is-st-jude/
https://www.stjudeshrine.org.uk/about/who-saint-jude
https://www.google.com/amp/s/www.catholicfaithstore.com/daily-bread/the-story-of-st-jude-thaddeus/amp/
https://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=127
https://www.bibleinfo.com/en/questions/who-were-twelve-disciples#judas

Mag-scroll sa Itaas