Ang Apostol San Pedro

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San Pedro

Si Saint Peter, na kilala rin bilang Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, Cephas, o Peter the Apostol, ay isa sa Labindalawang Apostol ni Jesucristo at isa sa mga nagtatag ng unang Iglesia.

Si San Pedro ay historikal na itinuturing bilang unang obispo ng Roma o papa, pati na rin ang unang patriyarka ng Antioch ayon sa kaugalian ng Silangang Kristiyano.

Itinuturing siya ng mga sinaunang simbahan ng Kristiyano bilang ama ng Simbahang Romano at ng Simbahan ng Antioquia, ngunit may hindi pagkakasundo hinggil sa awtoridad ng kanyang mga kahalili sa modernong panahon.

He was a mangingisdana bumangon upang maging angPinuno ng mga Apostolsa kabila ng pagkabigo ni Jesucristo sa maraming okasyon.

Libu-libong mga tao ang napagbagong loob ng kanyang mga sermon, at gumawa siya ng maraming himala sa buong buhay niya.

Nagkaroon sina Saint Paul at Saint Peter ng isang magulong relasyon dahil magkakaroon sila ng magkakaibang mga opinyon sa pagiging palakaibigan ng mga Hudyo at Hentil na Kristiyano.

Peters Maagang Buhay / Mga Kapanganakan

Si Simon ang orihinal na pangalan ni Saint Peter hanggang sa binigyan siya ni Jesus ng pangalang Peter. Si San Pedro ay ipinanganak noong unang siglo BC bilang Simon o Simeon, ayon sa Bagong Tipan. Ang kanyang pangalan ay sumunod sa kaugalian ng mga Judio na pangalanan ang mga lalaking anak pagkatapos ng isang kilalang patriarka mula sa Lumang Tipan. Si Simon ay walang pormal na edukasyon at nagsalita lamang sa Aramaic.

He was a mangingisda sa pamamagitan ng propesyon, and he lived in Bethsaida, near the Sea of Galilee. Before joining Jesus in spreading his message, he worked on fishing nets with his brother Andrew and the sons of Zebedee, John, and James, who were all part of Jesus’ inner circle.

He was already married (Mark 1:30) when he met and followed Jesus; he had no formal education (Acts 4:13), and he worked the fishing nets with his father and brother Andrew in the lakefront town of Capernaum. On the same day, Andrew joined the party of Jesus’ disciples.

pietro (apostolo)
Pietro (apostolo)

Ang Primacy ni Saint Peter

Ang mga Kristiyano mula sa iba`t ibang mga teolohikal na pinagmulan ay hindi sumasang-ayon sa tumpak na kahalagahan ng ministeryo ni Pedro. Halimbawa, itinuturing ng mga Katoliko si Saint Peter bilang unang papa. Ayon sa Simbahang Katoliko, ang ministeryo ni Pedro, na ipinagkaloob sa kanya ni Jesus ng Nazareth sa mga ebanghelyo, ay nagtatag ng pundasyong teolohikal para sa paggamit ng papa ng pastoral na awtoridad sa Iglesia.

Sa Katolisismo, ang pagiging primero ni Saint Peter ay pinagtatalunan na maging pundasyon para sa pagiging primado ng obispo ng Roma kaysa sa iba pang mga obispo sa buong Simbahan.

Ang kauna-unahan ng Obispo ng Roma, na kilala rin bilang pagiging pangunahing ng Roman Pontiff, ay ang pagpapalawig ng pagiging primero ng Petrine sa mga papa. Ayon sa doktrina ng Simbahang Katoliko na ito, ang pagka-papa ay may awtoridad na inilaan ni Jesus upang mamuno sa buong Simbahan.

Naniniwala ang Eastern Orthodox na ang ministeryo ni Pedro ay tumutukoy sa isang napapailalim na teolohiya kung saan ang isang espesyal na pagiging primera sa iba pang mga pinuno ng Simbahan ay dapat ibigay sa mga kahalili ni Pedro, ngunit tingnan ito bilang isang "pangunahing kaalaman lamang sa karangalan," sa halip na karapatang gumamit ng pastoral na awtoridad.

Pinatunayan ng mga denominasyong Protestante na ang gawaing apostoliko ni Pedro sa Roma ay hindi nangangahulugang isang relasyon sa pagka-papa.

Gayundin, ang mga istoryador mula sa iba`t ibang pinagmulan ay nag-aalok ng magkakaibang interpretasyon ng pagkakaroon ng Apostol sa Roma.

st. peter preaching in jerusalem
St. Peter Preaching in Jerusalem

Ang Buhay ni Pedro kasama si Kristo

Nang makilala ni Pedro si Jesus, ang kanyang buhay ay nabago. Sinabi ni Jesus kay Pedro na ilabas ang kanyang bangka sa hatinggabi upang mangisda sa Lucas 5: 1–11. Si Peter, na kagagaling lamang mula sa walang bunga na pangingisda, aysceptical, but he obeyed Jesusutos Nahuli ni Pedro ang napakaraming isda kaya't kailangan niya ng isang pangalawang bangka upang matulungan siyang dalhin ang mga ito.

Ang karanasan ng kasaganaan na ito, ayon kay Pedro, ay tanda ng pagkakaroon ng Diyos. Hiningi niya si Jesus na iwan siya, ngunit sinabi sa kanya ni Jesus na siya ay magiging isang mangingisda ng mga tao.

As previously stated, Peter was one of the first disciples called by Jesus, and he was frequently their spokesman – for better or worse. One of the things he is credited with is a unique insight into Jesus’ identity. Peter was the first to refer to Jesus as the Son of God – the Messiah (Mark 8:29, Luke 9:20, Matthew 16:16; Matthew 16:17).

When Jesus called Peter, he knew He was from God, but he felt unworthy to be in Jesus’ presence (Luke 5:6; Luke 5:7; Luke 5:8). Nonetheless, Jesus did not delay in telling Peter and Andrew that He would make them “fishers of men” (Mark 1:17).

Peter was brave, but he was frequently wrong. He even rebuked the Lord once and stated that he was willing to die for Jesus, even though he denied Him three times during Jesus’ arrest and trial (Matthew 16:21; Matthew 16:22).

Jesus loved the disciples and knew who would remain loyal to Him and who would betray Him (Judas Iscariot). Peter witnessed many of Jesus’ miracles, as well as the Shekhinah Glory with John and James during the Transfiguration. This was the point at which Jesus’ humanity was revealed to reveal the glory of His Divinity (Matthew 17:1; Matthew 17:2; Matthew 17:3; Matthew 17:4; Matthew 17:5; Matthew 17:6; Matthew 17:7; Matthew 17:8; Matthew 17:9).

peter in chora
Peter in Chora

Nakamit ni Saint Peters

Mayroong isang nakatuong artikulo tungkol saSi Pedro ang katotohanan ng alagadngunit malinaw na si Pedro ay isa saJesus’ 12 Apostles. According to Roman Catholic tradition, Jesus appointed St. Peter as the first Pope (Matthew 16:18). Jesus also gave him “the keys of the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 16:19), which is why he is frequently depicted in art and popular culture at the gates of heaven.

Peter was the first Apostle to recognize Jesus as the Messiah, the one whom God had promised would save his people. By being a fisher of men (Matthew 4:19) for Christ, he gave up his life as a fisherman to lead others to Jesus. He witnessed the Transfiguration, during which Jesus was revealed to be God’s Son.

saint peter
San Pedro

He witnessed Jesus resurrecting a dead child, and he witnessed Jesus’ agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. He was also the first of the apostles to begin performing miracles in the name of Christ. Because St. Peter supported spreading the Good News to the Gentiles, the Church became truly Catholic, or “universal,” because the message was spread to everyone, regardless of origin.

Ang paniniwalang Katoliko na ang simbahan sa Roma ay namumuno sa buong simbahang Kristiyano ay batay sa paniniwala na ibinigay ni Jesus ang trabahong ito kay Pedro, na nagtatag ng unang simbahang Kristiyano sa Roma.

Siya ang patron ng mga papa, Roma, at maraming mga lungsod na nagdadala ng kanyang pangalan, kabilang ang St. Peters Saint-Pierre. Bilang isang dating mangingisda, siya ang patron ng mga gumagawa ng lambat, tagagawa ng barko, at mangingisda, at siya rin ang patron ng mga locksmith dahil taglay niya ang "mga susi ng langit."

San Pedro sa Bibliya

Peter is a prominent figure in the gospels and Acts, and Paul mentions him several times in his letters. In many biblical accounts, Peter is the first to state the obvious and say what everyone else is thinking (or at least what he is thinking), and he takes centre stage.

Ang mga tao ay nagulat sa katapangan at paniniwala ni Peter sa kabila ng kawalan niya ng pormal na edukasyon. Si Pedro ay mahusay magsalita ngunit hindi kapansin-pansin. Napansin din nila na siya ay nakasama ni Jesus at nakita mismo kung paano ang pagkakahanay ng kanyang sarili kay Hesus ay nagbago.

saint peter
San Pedro

Pagtanggi ni Peter

Ayon sa apat na ebanghelyo ng Bagong Tipan, ang Pagtanggi kay Pedro ay tumutukoy sa tatlong beses na tinanggihan ni Apostol Pedro si Jesus. Ayon sa apat na ebanghelyo, hinulaan ni Jesus sa panahon ngLast Supperna tatanggihan ni Pedro ang kanyang kaalaman at tatanggihan siya bago "tumilaok ang manok" kinaumagahan.

Pinabulaanan niya ito sa kauna-unahang pagkakataon nang matuklasan siya ng isang babaeng alipin ng mataas na saserdote at inakusahan na kasama niya si Jesus. "Ang manok ay tumilaok," ayon sa ulat ni Marcos, samantalang binanggit siya nina Lucas at Juan na nakaupo sa tabi ng apoy kasama ng iba.

Ang pangalawang pagtanggi ay naganap nang siya ay pumunta sa gateway, malayo sa apoy. Ayon kay Marcos, ang iisang batang babae na tagapaglingkod, o ibang tagapaglingkod na babae, ayon kay Mateo, o isang lalaki, na binanggit sa Lucas at Juan, ay nagpaalam sa mga tao na si Pedro ay isang tagasunod ni Jesus. "Ang manok ay tumilaok," sabi ulit ni John.

Saint Peter Quiz

#1. What happened to the believers at Samaria when Peter and John laid their hands on them?

#2. Peter is believed to be the disciple who attacked a soldier in the Garden of Gethsemane. What body part did Peter cut off?

#3. Where is the famous church known as St Peter's basilica situated?

#4. How many of Peter's letters are included in the New Testament?

#5. What was Peter's answer to Jesus question about who he is?

#6. When did the birth of Peter take place?

#7. Who originally introduced Simon Peter to Christ?

#8. Which city in Greece did apostle Peter visit?

#9. By what Greek name, also meaning "rock," is Peter sometimes called?

#10. What is the Hebrew meaning of the name 'Simon'?

Finish

Results

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Ayon sa Ebanghelyo ni Juan, ang pangalawang pagtanggi ay naganap habang si Pedro ay nakaupo pa rin sa tabi ng apoy, at mayroong isang pahayag na sinabi ng isang taong nakakita sa kanya sa Hardin ng Getsemani habang si Hesus ay naaresto.

Ang pangatlo at panghuling pagtanggi ay dumating nang ginamit ang kanyang accent sa Galilea upang patunayan na siya ay alagad ni Jesus. "Ang manok ay tumilaok" muli, ayon kina Matthew, Mark, at Luke.

Si Mateo ay nagpatuloy na sinabi na ang accent niya ang nagpakilala sa kanya bilang isang Galilean.

Hindi sumasang-ayon si Luke sa pangatlong pagtanggi, na nagsasaad na iisang tao lamang ang akusado sa kanya, hindi isang buong karamihan ng tao. Walang pagbanggit ng isang impit sa pagsulat ni John.

Tatlong beses na itinanggi ni Pedro si Jesus, ngunit pagkatapos ng ikatlong pagkakataon, narinig niya ang tandang ng manok at naalala ang hula ni Jesus. Nagsimula siyang umiyak ng hindi mapigilan. Kilala ito bilang 'Pagsisisi ni Pedro.'

masaccio, crucifixion of st peter
Masaccio, Crucifixion of St Peter

Kamatayan ni Pedro

Ayon sa Ebanghelyo ni Juan, binanggit ni Jesus ang pagkamatay ni San Pedro.

"Kapag ikaw ay matanda na, ikaw ay iunat ang iyong mga kamay, at may ibang magbihis sa iyo at dadalhin ka sa hindi mo nais na puntahan,"

he said (John 21:18).

Sa kasamaang palad, ang pagkamatay ni Pedro ay hindi nabanggit sa Bibliya. Gayunpaman, naniniwala ang mga istoryador na siyanamatay sa krussa panahon ng paghahari ni Emperor Nero noong 64 AD

Nang harapin ang kanyang kapalaran, hiniling ni Peter na siya ay ipako sa krus nang baligtad. Sinasabing hindi niya itinuring ang kanyang sarili na karapat-dapat na maging martir sa katulad na paraan ni Kristo. Si San Linus ang humalili kay San Pedro bilang unang Roman Pope ng Simbahang Katoliko pagkamatay ni San Pedro.

Ang linya ng pagkakasunud-sunod mula sa St. Linus ay hindi nasira, na umaabot hanggang 64 AD Upang maging isang santo sa Simbahang Katoliko, dapat mong matugunan ang maraming pamantayan, kasama ang isang buhay na nabuhay bilang isang lingkod ng Diyos, katibayan ng kabayanihan na kabutihan, at napatunayan na mga himala. Si San Pedro ay sinasabing lumakad sa tubig kasama si Jesus para sa huli sa mga ito. Hindi lamang natupad ni San Pedro ang lahat ng mga kinakailangang ito, ngunit siya rin ang patron ng mga papa, Roma, mangingisda, at locksmiths.

Naglalakbay si St.

St. Peter travelled throughout many regions, including Jerusalem, Antioch, and Corinth, preaching the Gospel and converting people to Christianity. The final city he was to visit was Rome, where St. Peter was martyred during Emperor Nero’s persecution of Christianity in the year 64.

St. Peter Medals

Ang isang pendant na San Pedro o medalyon ay karaniwang ilalarawan sa kanya na may hawak na malalaking mga susi, isang simbolo ni Hesus na inaabot sa kanya ang mga susi sa kaharian ng langit (Matt 16). Ang sanggunian na ito ay maaari pa ring matagpuan sa mga napapanahong paglalarawan ni Pedro bilang tagabantay sa pintuang-bayan sa mga pinturang perlas ng langit.

Key Takeaway

Si San Pedro, na hinirang ni Jesus bilang unang papa, ay nabanggit nang higit pa kaysa sa iba pang mga apostol sa Bagong Tipan. Si San Pedro, isang mangingisda na tinawag ni Cristo na iwanan ang kanyang mga lambat at maging isang "mangingisda ng mga tao," ay nasa tabi ni Jesus para sa karamihan ng kanyang publikong ministeryo.

Pinamunuan ni San Pedro ang maagang simbahan sa pamamagitan ng paglawak at pag-uusig kasunod ng paglansang sa krus, pagkamatay, at pagkabuhay na muli ni Kristo - at ang kanyang kasunod na pag-akyat sa langit.

Nang si San Pedro ay nasentensiyahan ng kamatayan sa pamamagitan ng paglansang sa krus sa ilalim ng Emperor Nero noong 64 AD, pinili niyang ipako sa krus na paitaas, na inaangkin na hindi siya karapat-dapat na mamatay sa katulad na pamamaraan ng Mesiyas. Ang kanyang mga labi ay iginagalang sa San Pedro's Basilica sa Roma, kung saan ang mga peregrino ay darating upang igalang siya at ang kanyang mga kahalili bilang Vicar of Christ at His Church on Earth.

attributed to bernardino da asola - the death of saint peter martyr
Attributed to Bernardino da Asola - the death of Saint Peter martyr

Frequently Asked Questions Saint Peter

Why did Jesus change Simon’s name to Peter?

According to the Bible, Jesus changed Simon’s name to Peter because he was destined to be the foundation stone of the church. (Matthew 16:18) Some scholars believe that the name change was also meant to symbolically represent Simon’s new role as the leader of Jesus’ followers.

Why was Saint Peter crucified upside down?

Saint Peter was crucified upside down because he felt unworthy to die in the same way that Jesus died. He also asked to be crucified upside down out of respect for Jesus.

Why was Peter given the keys to heaven?

There are a few reasons why Saint Peter might have been given the keys to heaven. One is that, as the first pope and leader of the early Christian church, he was seen as a kind of gatekeeper between God and humanity. In addition, his role in Jesus’ crucifixion and subsequent resurrection made him a key figure in Christianity. Finally, it’s said that when Saint Peter died, he went to heaven and was given a tour by an angel. When they got to the gates of heaven, the angel told Saint Peter that he could now enter – and gave him the keys to make sure no one else got in!

What is Saint Peter known for?

Saint Peter is best known as the first Pope of the Catholic Church and as the author of two New Testament books: the Gospel of Mark and the Epistle to the Romans. Prior to becoming Pope, Saint Peter was an apostle of Jesus Christ, and it is revealed in the Bible that he was also known as Simon Peter or Cephas. Along with St. Paul, St. Peter is considered one of the most important early Christian missionaries.

What is St. Peter’s symbol?

Saint Peter’s symbol is an inverted cross with three horizontal bars. It is also sometimes called the Petrine Cross. The inverted cross represents St. Peter’s recognition of his own failures and his willingness to be crucified upside down, as Jesus was. The three horizontal bars represent the Holy Trinity.

Did Saint Peter have a child?

No, he did not. Saint Peter was celibate and never married. He didn’t even have any close relationships with women, as far as we know. So it’s safe to say that he didn’t have any children.

Saint Peter is the patron of?

While many people think of Saint Peter as the patron saint of fishermen, he is actually the patron saint of a whole host of things. He is the patron saint of prisoners, seemly because he was once one himself, and also of bank tellers and politicians (particularly those in leadership positions). He is also known as the protector of papal lands and properties. So if you ever find yourself in any of these predicaments, remember to call on good old Saint Peter for help!

When was Saint Peter born?

Saint Peter, also known as Simon Peter, was born in 1st century Judea, which is now modern-day Israel. He was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ and served as the leader of the early Christian church. Many biblical scholars believe that Saint Peter was also the author of two books of the New Testament – First and Second Peter.

How old was Saint Peter when he died?

Saint Peter was around 80 years old when he died, although the exact year is unknown. He is said to have died in Rome, so it’s possible he lived to a ripe old age!

What does Saint Peter represent?

Saint Peter is the patron saint of fishermen. He is also the patron saint of architects because he was the architect who designed Saint Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City. He is often depicted holding a key, which symbolizes his role as the gatekeeper of heaven.

Who killed Saint Peter?

The jury is still out on who killed Saint Peter. The Vatican has never released the autopsy results, and there are no eyewitnesses to the crime. All we know for sure is that Saint Peter was killed in Rome sometime around 67 AD.
There are several theories about who killed Saint Peter. One theory holds that he was killed by the Roman authorities. Another theory suggests that he was martyred by Nero, the Roman Emperor at the time. Still, another theory implicates a Jewish mob in his death.
We may never know for sure who killed Saint Peter, but his martyrdom was instrumental in spreading Christianity throughout the world. After his death, Christianity began to take root in Rome and eventually became one of the largest religions.

Is Saint Peter buried under the Vatican?

No. Saint Peter was not buried under the Vatican. He was buried in the Vatican graveyard, but his remains were moved to a basilica that is now called Saint Peter’s Basilica. The Vatican graveyard is now called the Teutonic Cemetery.

Buod Saint Peter

Si San Pedro ay tradisyonal na itinuturing bilang unang obispo ng Roma at pinuno ng 12 Apostol ni Jesus. Una silang nagkita habang nakikinig ng sermon ni San Juan Bautista. Kinilala ni Pedro si Jesus bilang Mesias sa sandaling makilala siya. Katulad nito, mula nang makilala ni Jesus si Pedro, alam niyang siya ang magiging bato ng Simbahan.

Matapos ang Pagkabuhay na Mag-uli, binisita ni Jesus ang kanyang unang pagbisita kay San Pedro. Doon idineklara ni Jesus ang kanyang sarili na maging pinuno ng Simbahan. Bilang isang resulta, si Pedro ay naging una sa isang hindi nasirang linya ng mga pinuno sa Simbahang Katoliko, na ngayon ay kilala bilang mga papa. Siya, tulad ni Hesus, namatay bilang isang martir. Naglalaman ang Bagong Tipan ng isang kayamanan ng impormasyon tungkol kay San Pedro, partikular sa apat na synoptic Gospels.

Yaman ng Saint Peter

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