Sino si St Andrew?

This story of St Andrew starts with the fact that St Andrew is the patron ng Scotland, at ang kanyang piging/araw ng kapistahan ay iginagalang sa Nobyembre 30 every 12 months. Andrew became considered one of Christ’s authentic twelve apostles and the brother of one of the other apostles, Simon Peter. In Galilee, each lived and nagtrabaho bilang mangingisda. There may be not much else regarding Andrew’s lifestyle.

The story of St Andrew
Saint Andrew

He traveled to Greece to evangelize Christianity, in which he changed into crucified at Patras on an X-fashioned go. This is represented through the diagonal go, or ‘saltire,’ on Scotland’s flag. Andrew’s reference to Scotland pertains to the legend that a number of his stays have been saved on the web page. This is now the city of St Andrews. A chapel was constructed for residence and now has become an area of pilgrimage. St Andrew is likewise the purchasing saint of Greece and Russia.

Ang kwento ni St Buhay ni Andrew

Andrew’s manner is manly in Greek. St. Andrew’s biographical facts are straightforward: he was born between AD five and AD 10 in Bethsaida, Palestine’s predominant fishing port. His parents’ names have been Jona and Joanna, and he had a brother named Simon. Jona changed into a fisherman, his commercial enterprise accomplice and buddy Zebedee, and his sons James and John. 

Andrew changed into obviously curious. He commenced attending synagogue faculty at the age of 5, analyzing Torah, astronomy, and arithmetic. Later, at the banks of the Jordan, Andrew encountered John the Baptist. Before feeding the 5 thousand, he introduced the child with the loaves and fish to Jesus.

According to the apocryphal ‘ Acts of Andrew, he journeyed to Asia Minor and the Black Sea. He is thought to have endured severe hardships in Syncope, and the house he lived in was nearly burnt down. He returned twice more to Asia Minor and Greece, traveling as far as Hungary, Russia, and the Oder banks in Poland.

Van Dyck - Saint Andrew, 1621
Van Dyck - Saint Andrew, 1621

Sa Greece, pinilit ni Andrew ang kanyang paraan sa pamamagitan ng isang kakahuyan na pinaninirahan ng mga lobo, oso, at tigre. Sa wakas, siya ay inalok upang dalhin bilang isang hain sa mga diyos o upang hampasin at ipako sa krus sa Patras. Ang direksyon ng paglalakbay ay binago sa dayagonal sa kanyang kahilingan. Siya, tulad ng kanyang kapatid na si Pedro, ay nadama na hindi karapat-dapat na ipako sa krus sa kanang kamay ni Kristo.

He hung for three days at the go, constant now no longer through nails but through a rope around his palms and feet. Even in his remaining agony, he persisted in evangelizing. So, winakasan ang buhay ni San Andres.

St. Andrews Cross
St. Andrews Cross

Andrew’s bones come to Scotland

This story of St Andrew is not complete if there is nothing about the bones of Andrew coming to Scotland. So, how did Saint Andrew’s relics end up in Scotland? There are several variants, the most common of which is a religious daydream. A vision told Saint Regulus (later known as Rule), a Greek monk and keeper of St Andrew’s relics at Patras, to hide a number of the relics awaiting further instruction. Emperador Constantine dinala ang natitirang mga seksyon ng frame ni Andrew sa Constantinople makalipas ang ilang araw.

The rule was told to gather the bones he had hidden and sail west by delivery by an angel. He shifted to establishing the ideals of a church wherever they were stranded. The angel predicted that travelers from all over the West would flock to this shrine in search of physical and spiritual well-being.

Athelstaneford’s Scottish Flag Heritage Centre has a doocot (dovecote). George Hepburn constructed it in 1583, and it changed into refurbished in 1996. A typhoon drove Saint Rule’s delivery ashore at the promontory of Muckross in Fife into the small city of Kilrymont (later St Andrews). Saint Rule’s molecular is said to be approximately midway between the Castle and the harbor.

Nang dumating si Saint Rule, nagpakita ang Apostol sa Pictish King, na nangangako ng tagumpay sa kanyang mga kalaban. Bilang pasasalamat, ipinakita ng Hari ang tiyaga ng St. Regulus Church sa Diyos at kay San Andres.

Ito ay isang pinaghihinalaan, isang nakaka-arestong pantasya na nag-teleskopyo ng sobrang makamundo at kumplikadong mga makasaysayang katotohanan. Ang pangalawang (at mas malamang na mas makatwiran) na paliwanag ay ang mga buto ay dinala sa St Andrew's noong 732 AD ni Acca, Obispo ng Hexham (malapit sa Newcastle), isang kilalang venerator ng Saint Andrew.

St. Andrew, First-Called
St. Andrew, First-Called

Ang Northumbrian King Athelstan ay sinasabing nagkampo sa Athelstaneford sa East Lothian sa loob ng 12 buwan ng 832AD (kahit na ang iba ay nagdeklara ng 735 AD) nang mas maaga kaysa sa kanyang salungatan sa Picts na pinamunuan ni Haring Angus mac Fergus.

In a dream, Saint Andrew seemed to be Angus and prophesied victory. During the battle, a saltire goes changed into seen withinside the sky, giving the Scots hope (observe that this changed into now no longer jumbo-jet vapor trails or maybe a cloud formation!).

Athelstane changed into killed on the Cogtail hearthplace Ford. Angus expressed his gratitude by donating to the church of Saint Regulus in St Andrews. He then made the Cross of Saint Andrew the Picts’ emblem.

However, this basic tale of an extra solid country in what might emerge as Scotland is sort of honestly primarily based totally on the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great’s victory on the Milvian Bridge in Rome in 312 AD at the banks of the River Tiber. At the same time, he changed into the satisfaction of the energy of Christianity by seeing the image of Christ (the Chi Rho – the Greek letters P, the primary letters of ‘Christ’) withinside the rays of the placing sun.

Whatever course Saint Andrew’s relics took, we understand that during AD 908, the most effective diocese in Scotland changed into moved from Abernethy (the royal home) to St Andrew’s. As a result, the city quickly has become famous as a pilgrimage destination.

Pagtaas ng kasikatan

During the reigns of Malcolm Canmore and Queen Margaret, Saint Andrew’s devotion grew to a national level, and Andrews became a national feast. Saint Andrew was the Patron Saint of Christian Knighthood for Scottish warriors fighting in the Crusades.

Ang St. Andrew's Cathedral, na itinuturing na Canterbury of the North, ay inialay noong 1318. Bago ang Repormasyon, ito ang pinakamalaking simbahan sa Scotland. Ang Unibersidad ng Saint Andrew ay itinatag noong 1411, at ang See of St. Andrews ay itinaas sa katayuang Metropolitan pagkalipas ng animnapu't isang taon.

Ang napakalaking Morbrac (reliquary) na nagdala ng mga buto ng santo at tumitimbang ng isang-katlo ng isang tonelada ay nawasak sa panahon ng Repormasyon. Ang mga laro sa kalye, kasiyahan, paputok, at evergreen na prusisyon na naganap noong Nobyembre 30 ay ipinagbawal na.

Ang stained glass window na may Saint Andrew na inilalarawan na nakayapak sa tubig, may hawak na linya ng pangingisda, na may nakikitang maliit na bangkang pangisda sa likuran niya.

Innerwick Church - Saint Andrew
Innerwick Church - Saint Andrew "To the Glory of God and in Memory of Ernest Wills, 3rd Bart of Meggernie, died 1958, and of his wife Maud, died 1953."

Ang kahalagahan ni Andrew sa mga Scots

Ano, sa pagsasagawa, ang iminungkahi ni San Andres sa mga Scots? Nang ang bagong King James I at VI ay naghangad na lumikha ng isang solong nagkakaisang bandila noong 1603, ang mga Scots ay tumutol dahil ang saltire ay binigyan ng mas mababang papel sa loob ng disenyo. Ang Saint Andrew's Cross ay pinalipad ng mga barkong Scottish sa dagat.

Noong 1707, ang Union Jack ay naging maaasahang bandila ng Union of the Parliaments. Gayunpaman, kasabay ng pink na Lion Rampant ay ang nararapat na Royal banner para sa Scotland at ang Thistle ay ang pambansang simbolo, ang maaasahang heraldic legal na mga alituntunin ay nagsasabing ang Saint Andrew's Cross ay ang pambansang bandila at mga sandata ng Scotland.

Saint Andrew is the customer saint of Russia and Greece. However, he holds unique means for the Scots. The Declaration of Arbroath (1320), written by Scottish clerics to Pope John XXII, appealed to the Pope towards the English announcement that Scotland becomes a challenge to the Archbishop of York.

Ayon sa Deklarasyon, ang mga Scots ay naging isang kahanga-hangang bansa na matagal nang minamahal ang kaligtasan ni Saint Andrew, ang kapatid ni Saint Peter. Nakilala si Saint Andrew bilang "aming kostumer o tagapagtanggol" sa loob ng Deklarasyon ng Arbroath.

Saint Andrew Cathedral
Saint Andrew Cathedral

Ang mga Scottish squaddies ay nagsuot ng puting go of St Andrew sa kanilang mga tunika sa Conflict of Bannockburn, malapit sa Stirling, noong 1314, at bago magsimula ang pakikibaka, lumuhod sila sa panalangin, humihingi ng kanyang kaligtasan.

Four years later, on July 5, 1318, at some point during the consecration of St Andrews Cathedral, Robert the Bruce positioned a parchment on the High Altar expressing the country’s gratitude to the saint.

Ang pakikibaka ni William Wallace ay naging “St. Andrew mot us speed” (May Saint Andrew help us). Bago ang trahedya na pagkatalo ng Scottish sa Labanan ng Flodden noong 1513, maraming mga krus ni Saint Andrew ang matagal nang naitatag sa Boroughmuir ng Edinburgh.

The Saint Andrew’s Cross became additionally protected by the Blue Blanket flag, which became given to the Trade Guilds of Edinburgh, and Scotland’s biggest ship, the Great Michael, in addition to the Honours of Scotland.

Ang asin ay dinadala sa pamamagitan ni Mary, ang militar ng Reyna ng Scots sa Labanan ng Carberry, at maraming mga banner ng Jacobite sa loob ng 'apatnapu't limang Pag-aalsa ang ginawa rin. Mabilis itong naging bahagi ng maaasahang mga badge ng Scottish regiment. Tinamaan pa ni Robert II ang isang Saint Andrew coin at isang bawbee Scots halfpenny na may katumbas na manloloko.

The crucifixion of Saint Andrew. Oil painting by Pierre Castoni after Carlo Dolci
The crucifixion of Saint Andrew. Oil painting by Pierre Castoni after Carlo Dolci

Paggalaw ng mga labi

In 1879 the Archbishop of Amalfi in Italy (the bones were added in 1453 after the autumn of Constantinople) dispatched to Edinburgh what became believed to be St Andrew’s shoulder blade.

Noong Abril 1969, ipinagkaloob ni Pope Paul VI ang anumang iba pang relic – isang bahagi ng bungo ng santo – kay Cardinal Gordon Gray, Arsobispo ng St Andrews at Edinburgh. "Binabati ni Pedro ang kanyang kapatid na si Andres," sabi ng Papa sa Arsobispo. Ang mga labi ng Apostol ay ipinakita sa altar ni St Andrew sa Metropolitan Cathedral ng St Mary ng Edinburgh. Ang dami ng cranium ni Saint Andrew ay pinapanatili bilang parangal sa St. Andrew's Cathedral malapit sa karagatan sa Patras, Greece.

Bagama't nauunawaan ang pag-aalinlangan tungkol sa pagiging lehitimo ng mga relic, maaaring walang pagtatalo ang humigit-kumulang sa kahalagahan ng taunang paggunita kay St. Andrew bilang nagpapakita ng kapangyarihan at pagtatanong, mga katangiang matagal nang nauugnay sa pag-iisip ng Scottish.

Saint Andrew was a ‘networker,’ a fisherman who also recruited Gentiles (non-Jews) to Jesus and preached about Him to the Black Sea. The saltire goes a multiplication sign, reminding us that Saint Andrew was the sole one who brought Jesus the tiny kid and his loaves and fishes. Perhaps Saint Andrew became an expert at exposing those who had concealed their meals to share them with the 5,000 others.

Andrew ang Protocletus

Ang pagiging una ay isang pangunahing deal. Pinakamabuting paniwalaan natin kung ano ang naramdaman ni Neil Armstrong tulad ng unang karakter na tumuntong sa buwan o kung paano naramdaman ni George Washington na parang nanumpa ang unang pangulo ng America. Isipin na maging pangunahing tagasunod ng kung ano ang direktang naging pinakatanyag na relihiyon sa mundo.

Si Jesu-Kristo ay nagkaroon 12 alagad, alinsunod sa Kristiyanong Bibliya. Sa mga tradisyong simbahan, ang lalaki o babae na iyon ay nagiging Andres, na tinatawag ding Protocletus, o ang pangunahing tinatawag. Si Andres ay may natatanging lokasyon sa mga kulturang Kristiyano bilang isang disipulo, Apostol, at santo. Pagkatapos ng lahat, ang pagiging una ay isang pangunahing deal.

Pamana

Saint Andrew remains in Scotland, Russia, Romania, Amalfi, and Luqa (Malta). Many countrywide flags depict the go on which he becomes crucified and, as a result, undergoes a testimony to him. For example, the flag of Scotland (and in the end, the Union Jack and the flag of Nova Scotia) characterized a saltire in commemoration of the form of Saint Andrew’s go. The saltire is likewise the flag of Tenerife and the naval jack of Russia.

The Piyesta of Andrew is on the 30th of November for both Eastern and Western Christianity.

Si San Andres ay iginagalang sa loob ng subkulturang Griyego Ortodokso dahil sa nagtatag na ama ng See of Constantinople at ang supply ng apostolikong succession sa loob ng simbahan. Gayundin, siya ay isang kilalang icon portrayal at isang sikat na tawag para sa mga lalaki sa magkakaibang mga bansa na may karaniwang populasyong Kristiyano.

Konklusyon ng Kwento ni St Andrew

Saint Andrew is the customer saint of Scotland, Greece, and Russia and became Christ’s first disciple. There are around six hundred pre-Reformation church buildings in England named after Saint Andrew, according to Scotland’s handful of church buildings of all denominations named after the saint. Nevertheless, Scotland followed Andrew as its customer – likely because Saint Andrew, being the brother of San Pedro, gave the Scots big political leverage with the Pope in pleading for assistance towards the belligerent English!

Mga Pinagmulan ng Kwento ni St Andrew

https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/andrew_st.shtml
https://study.com/academy/lesson/andrew-the-apostle-biography-facts-death.html
https://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/christianity/saints/andrew.shtml
https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Saint_Andrew

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