The Apostle Saint James the Less

saint james the less
圣詹姆斯少

James, the Lesser or Younger, son of Alpheus, or Cleophas and Mary, lived in Galilee. He was the brother of the Apostle Jude.

He is also called “the Minor”, “the Little”, “the Lesser”, or “the Younger”, according to translation. He is not to be confused with James, son of Zebedee (“James the Great or Elder”).

有些人认为他是主的兄弟雅各,圣杰罗姆和跟随他的人认为他是耶稣的表弟。

在西方基督教历法中,传统上在 5 月 1 日或 5 月 3 日与圣菲利普一起纪念小詹姆斯。

根据传说,他写了雅各书,在巴勒斯坦和埃及传道,并在埃及被钉十字架。

One of the lesser-known disciples was James. Some scholars believe he was Matthew, the tax collector’s brother. James was a man with a strong personality and one of the fieriest types. Another legend has it that he died as a martyr and his body was sawed into pieces. His apostolic symbol was a saw.

圣詹姆斯小出生/早年

St. James the Less, also called James, son of Alphaeus, or James the Younger, (1st century BC Galilee, Judaea, Roman Empire), one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus.

st. james the less, by el greco, c. 1595, oil on canvas - hyde collection - glens falls, ny
St. James the Less, by El Greco, c. 1595, oil on canvas - Hyde Collection - Glens Falls, NY

圣雅各与耶稣一起生活

在西庇太的儿子雅各蒙召之后的某个时候,耶稣呼召西庇太的儿子雅各成为门徒,这导致他被认定为“小雅各”。

他与约翰和彼得一起被视为早期教会的支柱,圣保罗与他会面,讨论如何最好地执行教会的使命。

他是最早见证复活的基督的人之一。

根据一个传说,詹姆斯在被钉十字架后宣布他会禁食,直到基督再来。复活的耶稣向他显现,为他准备了一顿饭。

为了避免与另一位名叫雅各的使徒混淆,我们在 7 月 25 日庆祝他的盛宴,雅各被赋予了“少者”的绰号。

我们认为这意味着他比另一个被称为“大者”的圣詹姆斯年轻。阿尔法厄斯的儿子是小詹姆斯。

在耶稣被钉十字架的那一天,他的母亲在十字架上与马利亚站在一起。

耶稣升天后,小雅各成为耶路撒冷教会成长的重要组成部分。

根据传统,他在公元 50 年主持了早期教会的一次重要会议,即耶路撒冷会议。

圣保罗、圣彼得和其他教会领袖此时会面,讨论外邦人或非犹太人是否可以成为耶稣的追随者。

雅各仔细聆听了讨论,并协助小组决定教会向所有人开放,所有人都可以通过生活得救。耶稣的追随者.

小圣詹姆斯的成就

"hendrik goltzius, saint james the less, probably 1589, engraving, rosenwald collection, 1943.3.9396"
"Hendrik Goltzius, Saint James the Less, probably 1589, engraving, Rosenwald Collection, 1943.3.9396"

耶稣基督亲手拣选雅各成为门徒。他是出现在耶路撒冷的楼上 with the 11 disciples after Christ ascended to heaven. He could have been the first disciple to see the risen Christ.

Even though his achievements are unknown to us today, James may simply have been overshadowed by the more prominent disciples. Even so, being named one of the twelve was no small feat.

他最重要的行为是他干预了犹太血统的基督徒和异教徒血统的基督徒之间有争议的关系。

In this regard, he worked with Peter to overcome, or rather integrate, the original Jewish dimension of Christianity with the need not to impose on converted pagans the obligation to submit to all the norms of the Law of Moses.

使徒行传为我们保留了雅各提出并为所有在场使徒所接受的折衷解决方案,根据该方案,只要求相信耶稣基督的异教徒避免吃祭牲肉的拜偶像行为。对众神而言,以及从“不当行为”这个可能暗指不正常婚姻结合的术语来看,这是一个仅遵守摩西律法中被认为非常重要的少数禁令的问题。

圣经中的小圣詹姆斯

小詹姆斯是阿尔法厄斯的儿子,而大雅各是西庇太的儿子(马太福音 10:3;马可福音 3:8;路加福音 6:15)。根据 5 世纪神学家杰罗姆和 1 世纪希拉波利斯主教帕皮亚斯的说法,他的母亲是克利奥法斯的玛丽(耶稣母亲的妹妹)。

他也被确认为裘德·撒迪厄斯的兄弟,也可能是耶稣的兄弟之一(根据加拉太书 1:19 和杰罗姆再次记载)。

Only a few verses in the Bible mention James the Lesser and what he did for the early church. He was one of the disciples who witnessed Christ’s resurrection (1 Corinthians 15:7), a confidante of Peter when he was on the run from Herod Agrippa (Acts 12:17), and later rose to prominence in the church along with the other apostles (Acts 15; 21:18; Galatians 2:9). He was also credited as the writer of the Epistle of James.

saint james the lesser
小圣詹姆斯

圣詹姆斯的弱点小

和其他弟子一样,雅各背弃了主在他受审和受难期间。

圣雅各少生课程

虽然小詹姆斯是 12 人中最不为人知的人之一,但我们不能忽视这样一个事实,即这些人中的每一个都牺牲了一切来跟随主。在路加福音 18 章 28 节,他们的代言人彼得说:“我们已经撇下一切来跟从你了!” (NIV)

rembrandt the apostle james the less
Rembrandt The Apostle James the Less

圣詹姆斯之死小

如果我们将 Alphaeus 的儿子雅各与正义的雅各(耶稣的兄弟)联系起来,我们就会了解到他被推下他正在讲道的圣殿的顶峰,遭到殴打富勒的俱乐部,并被石头砸死.

在艺术中,阿尔法厄斯的儿子詹姆斯通常被描绘成拿着一根富勒的棍棒,反映了教会相信他与正义的詹姆斯是同一个人。

然而,根据阿尔法乌斯之子雅各布在埃及传教的传统,他在奥斯特拉金城被钉在十字架上。

“On the Twelve Apostles of Christ”, Hippolytus, a theologian who lived in the second and third centuries, allegedly recorded James’ death:

“亚勒腓的儿子雅各在耶路撒冷传道的时候,被犹太人用石头打死,葬在圣殿旁边。”

This is the same death that tradition attributes to James, Jesus’ brother, but scholars have little reason to believe “On the Twelve Apostles of Christ”.

该文本是在 19 世纪发现的,大多数学者认为它是 pseudepigrapha(错误地声称是某人所写的文字)。

因此,围绕阿尔法厄斯之子詹姆斯的模棱两可和未知数使我们无法知道他是如何死亡的,也无法知道他在哪里死亡。

然而,由于十二门徒中的大多数人都殉道了,如果其中一位鲜为人知的门徒,如约翰,年老而死,那将是令人惊讶的。

他们放弃了家人、朋友、家庭、工作以及他们所知道的一切来跟随基督的呼召。

这些为神做了不平凡事的平凡人为我们树立了榜样。他们为基督教会奠定了基础,发起了一场迅速传遍全球的运动。今天,我们是这一运动的一部分。

v0033577 saint james the less and saint christina. colour lithograph credit: wellcome library, london. wellcome images images@wellcome.ac.uk http://wellcomeimages.org saint james the less and saint christina. colour lithograph by n.j. strixner, 1829, after lucas van leyden. published:  -  copyrighted work available under creative commons attribution only licence cc by 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
V0033577 Saint James the Less and Saint Christina. Colour lithograph Credit: Wellcome Library, London. Wellcome Images [email protected] http://wellcomeimages.org Saint James the Less and Saint Christina. Colour lithograph by N.J. Strixner, 1829, after Lucas van Leyden. Published: - Copyrighted work available under Creative Commons Attribution only licence CC BY 4.0 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

圣詹姆斯不那么重要的外卖

使徒雅各是阿尔法厄斯的儿子,也被称为小雅各或小雅各。不要将他与使徒雅各、第一使徒和约翰的兄弟混淆。

在新约中,有第三位雅各。他是耶稣的兄弟,耶路撒冷教会的领袖,也是雅各书的作者。

12 门徒的每一个名单都包括阿尔法厄斯的雅各,他总是排在第九位。

尽管使徒马太(被称为利未,成为跟随基督之前的税吏)在马可福音 2:14 中被确定为亚勒腓的儿子,但学者们怀疑他和雅各是兄弟。福音书中从未提及这两个门徒。

小结圣詹姆斯

圣雅各是第一封天主教书信的作者,是克利奥法斯的阿尔法厄斯的儿子。他的母亲玛丽要么是圣母的姐妹,要么是圣母的近亲,因此,根据犹太人的习俗,他有时被称为主的兄弟。

使徒在耶路撒冷早期的基督教社区中占有突出地位。圣保禄告诉我们他是基督复活的见证人;他也是教会的“支柱”,圣保禄曾就福音问题向他咨询。

According to legend, he was the first Bishop of Jerusalem and attended the Jerusalem Council around the year 50. The historians Eusebius and Hegesippus wrote, St. James, was martyred for the Faith by the Jews in the Spring of the year 62, although they greatly admired his person and had given him the surname “James the Just.”

他一直被视为以他的名字命名的书信的作者。

基于这封书信的语言、风格和教导的内部证据表明,它的作者是一位熟悉旧约的犹太人和一个完全以福音教义为基础的基督徒。来自教会早期教父和议会的外部证据证实了其真实性和规范性。

Frequently Asked Questions James the Less

What did James the Just believe?

James, or James the Just, as he is sometimes called, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ. He was also the brother of Jesus Christ. In early Christian tradition, James was one of the Three Pillars of the Church, along with Peter and John.
James is best known for his epistle that bears his name, which discusses faith and practical living. In this epistle, James states that faith without works is dead. This teaching has been extremely influential in Christian thought and practice.
What did James believe? We can get a good sense of this from his epistle. Some key points would include faith versus works, wisdom from above versus wisdom from below, and care for orphans.

Why is St James called the lesser?

There’s a bit of debate over why Saint James is called the “lesser.” Some say it’s because he was the younger brother of Saint John the Evangelist. Others say it’s because he wasn’t one of the Twelve Apostles. Whatever the reason, we do know that Saint James was a very important figure in early Christianity.
Saint James was one of the first leaders of the Church in Jerusalem, and his writings are some of the earliest Christian documents that have survived to this day. He was also martyred for his faith, which makes him a very important saint in terms of Church history. So even though he may be called the “lesser,” Saint James is still a pretty big deal.

Did Little James have a disability?

Saint James the Lesser is said to have had a disability, but we’re not exactly sure what it was. Some people say he had a clubfoot, others say he was deaf. But regardless of what his specific disability may have been, we know that he was a great disciple of Jesus Christ and that he played an important role in the early Christian church.

What is James the Less the patron saint of?

St. James the Lesser is the patron saint of power outages, communication breakdowns, and bad customer service. He’s also the unofficial patron saint of irritation and frustration. Why? Because he’s the apostle who was always getting everything wrong.
As the story goes, when Jesus was arrested in the Garden of Gethsemane, it was St. James who ran to tell the other apostles what had happened. But instead of saying, “Jesus has been arrested,” he said, ” Judas has betrayed him.” So naturally, when Judas showed up at the disciples’ hideout later that night with a band of Roman soldiers to arrest Jesus, they all thought St. James had betrayed them too

How did St. James the Less die?

Saint James the Less was martyred by being beaten to death with a club.

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