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聖使徒

From 12 Disciples to the Holy Apostles

saint teresa of ávila

基督沒有身體

聖使徒必須成為他的身體

基督沒有身體,只有你的身體,

地球上沒有手,沒有腳,只有你的,

你是他注視的眼睛

憐憫這個世界,

你是祂行走行善的腳,

你是雙手,祂用它祝福全世界。

手是你的,腳是你的

你是眼睛,你是他的身體。

基督現在沒有身體,只有你的身體,

地球上沒有手,沒有腳,只有你的,

你的眼睛是他的眼神

同情這個世界。

基督現在在地上沒有身體,只有你的身體。

~阿維拉的聖特蕾莎~

在這首美麗的詩篇中,阿維拉的聖特蕾莎告訴我們,基督在地球上不再有肉身,我們要按照他的教導和生活行事。從某種意義上說,她是在告訴我們,我們是祂的門徒。

在馬可福音第 15 節,耶穌告訴他的使徒:

“往普天下去,向萬民傳福音。” 

After betraying Jesus, Judas was so overcome with remorse that he hung himself, so at this moment,  there were eleven apostles. These eleven men were asked to perform a difficult mission. They would separate and go to different parts of the world preaching what we now know as Christianity.

在這十一個人中,除了聖約翰 would be martyred for their devotion and obedience to Jesus. Be it not for the holy apostles, we would have no Scripture. We would not know Our Lord.

Be it not for these Holy Apostles, we would neither understand nor accept our salvation. Jesus chose each of these men to follow Him.

They were from different backgrounds, had different personalities, and occupations. Jesus knew each man before He chose him and He chose each man for a reason. 

the holy apostles
聖使徒

The 12 disciples started out as average, unexceptional men of their time: fishermen, farmers, local magistrates. But their dedication to a prophetic Jewish preacher in the backwaters of the Roman Empire transformed them into revolutionaries and, in the process, changed the world itself in ways that would reverberate across time for two thousand years. Now, discover the extraordinary, untold stories of the men chosen by Jesus to bring God’s plan to the world.

Among them are Peter, who denied Christ three times but later became a “Rock,” James and John, the fiery-tempered “sons of thunder,” Matthew, the tax collector later murdered by cannibals, Simon the Zealot, the anti-Roman fanatic eventually “cut to pieces” preaching in Spain, and Judas Iscariot, whose betrayal would be paid for with silver and suicide.

From their early fear and discouragement at the shock of the Crucifixion to the final acceptance of the resurrection and their epic mission to spread the Gospel through the known world, it’s an inspiring, astonishing story of the little-known men who became The Twelve Apostles.

catholic answers for catholic parents

References both Scripturally and to the Catechism of the Catholic Church, parents, catechists, and religious educators alike will find this book to be an invaluable resource tool for teaching the Catholic Faith to children and teens.

Covering sixteen challenging topics that range from Confession to the Reality of Hell, best-selling author Maria Compton-Hernandez (Catholic Mothers Resource Guide) provides simple analogies and helpful advice that will assist adults both young and old in gaining a fundamentally sound background in Apologetics and Church Teaching.

The Truths the Church holds must be passed on to children, teens, and even non-Catholics who may come along with questions.

This book will provide the tools needed to sharpen your understanding of the Catholic Faith. Family catechesis precedes, transcends, accompanies and enriches all other forms of catechesis.-Pope John Paul II Catechesi Tradendae, #68

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the story of st jude

The Story of St Jude

December 30, 2021
Story of St. Jude, also called Judas, Thaddaeus, or Lebbaeus (flourished 1st-century C.E.; Western feast day October 28, Eastern feast days June 19 and August 21), one of the original Twelve Apostles of Jesus. He is the reputed author of the canonical Letter of Jude that warns against the passionate and profane heretics.
the story of saint philip

The Story of Saint Philip

December 11, 2021
The story of Philip the Apostle proves he was one of the 12 main disciples of Jesus Christ. Philip is described as a disciple from the city of Bethsaida, and the evangelist connects him with Andrew and Peter, who were from the same town.

Stories of the 12 Disciples

The twelve were not Jesus’s only disciples. In ancient Israel, a disciple was one who chose to follow a teacher and emulate both his lifestyle and teachings. Any good rabbi in Jesus’s world had disciples, and Jesus had quite a few.

Some were more devoted than others, of course. At times, he was followed by hundreds and even thousands of people, but only a few really walked closely with him, and only a few consistently emerge in the gospel story as faithful and committed to him.

These few include twelve men and a handful of women, the latter of whom, against every convention of the day, traveled with Jesus and the other disciples and sat at his feet to learn from him.

So Jesus had many disciples, many followers, many who believed in him — or at least were exploring the belief in him. But out of the many, he called twelve to serve as a special extension of his own ministry.

He called twelve to be apostles. Jesus called the Twelve his friends, and he trusted them. The Pharisees thought that the apostles were uneducated and ordinary. But Jesus gave them training for their work. They would be with Jesus at the most important times in his life, such as before his death and after his resurrection.

Like Jesus, most of the Twelve were from Galilee. Some of them were married. The apostles were imperfect men who made mistakes. Sometimes they spoke before thinking and made bad decisions. At times they were impatient. They even argued over who was more important. But they were good people who loved Jehovah. They would be the foundation of the Christian congregation after Jesus was gone.

Like Jesus, most of the Twelve were from Galilee. Some of them were married. The apostles were imperfect men who made mistakes. Sometimes they spoke before thinking and made bad decisions. At times they were impatient. They even argued over who was more important. But they were good people who loved Jehovah. They would be the foundation of the Christian congregation after Jesus was gone.

“I have called you friends because I have made known to you all the things I have heard from my Father.”—John 15:15

These men became the pioneering leaders of the New Testament church, but they were not without faults and shortcomings. Interestingly, not one of the chosen twelve disciples was a scholar or rabbi. Jesus taught his apostles about the kingdom of heaven, and in return, he learned much from them about the kingdom of men.

These twelve men represented many different types of human temperament. In a religious sense, they were laymen, unlearned in the lore of the rabbis and untrained in the methods of rabbinical interpretation of the Scriptures. God chose them for a purpose—to fan the flames of the gospel that would spread across the face of the earth and continue to burn bright throughout the centuries to follow. He selected and used each of these regular guys to carry out his exceptional plan.

Their love and loyalty to Jesus made them uncommon heroes. After an intensive discipleship course and following his resurrection from the dead, the Lord fully commissioned the apostles (Matthew 28:16-2, Mark 16:15) to advance God’s kingdom and carry the gospel message to the world. Take a few moments now to learn a lesson or two from the twelve apostles—men who helped ignite the light of the truth that still dwells within our hearts today and calls us to come and follow Jesus Christ. Below is a brief summary of each apostle.

saint andrew stained glass
聖安德魯

聖安德魯

Andrew (brother of Simon Peter) and the son of Jonas. He lived in Bethsaida and Capernaum and was a fisherman. Andrew was initially a follower of John the Baptist. He brought his brother, Saint Peter, to Our Lord. He was the first chosen apostle, was active in bringing people to Jesus and director-general of the twelve.

Andrew was chairman of the apostolic corps of the kingdom and he was 33, a full year older than Jesus and the oldest of the apostles. Saint Andrew was the best judge of men, a good organizer but a better administrator. Saint Andrew died on the cross

saint bartholomew stained glassed
聖巴塞洛繆

聖巴塞洛繆

Andrew (brother of Simon Peter) and the son of Jonas. He lived in Bethsaida and Bartholomew Nathanael was the son of Talmai and lived in Cana of Galilee. Many believe that he was the only one of the twelve men who descended from royalty. Bartholomew watched over the needs of the families of the twelve.

He received regular reports as to the requirements of each apostle’s family, and making requisition on Judas, the treasurer, would send funds each week to those in need. 

He was the sixth and last of the apostles to be chosen by the Master himself, was brought to Jesus by his friend Philip. Bartholomew was 25 years old and was the next to the youngest of the group, he was the youngest of a family of seven, unmarried and the only support of aged and infirm parents. Saint Bartholomew was the apostolic philosopher and dreamer, but he was a very practical sort of dreamer. Bartholomew also refers or known as (Nathaniel) was one of the best-educated men among the twelve.

saint james the greater stained glass
聖詹姆斯大帝

聖詹姆斯大帝

長老雅各是西庇太和莎樂美的兒子,也是使徒約翰的兄弟。他也是住在伯賽大、迦百農和耶路撒冷的漁夫。

Peter, James son of Zebedee (older brother of John) and John were appointed personal companions of Jesus. They were to attend him day and night, to minister to his physical and sundry needs, and to accompany him on those night vigils of prayer and mysterious communion with the Father in heaven. James son of Zebedee was 30 years old when he became an apostle, he was married and had four children.

James had a fiery temper, was a well-balanced thinker and was a very tactical planner. He was next to Peter unless it was Matthew, James was the best public orator among the twelve, thus the first of the twelve to sacrifice his life upon the new battle line of the kingdom. James was also known as James “the Greater”

saint james the less stained glass
少聖詹姆斯

小聖詹姆斯

小雅各或小雅各是克利奧法斯和瑪麗的兒子。他住在加利利。雖然人們認為雅各是使徒猶大的兄弟,但一些學者認為他是使徒馬太的兄弟。

Saint James “the Less” and Judas were assigned to the management of the multitudes. It was their task to deputize a sufficient number of assistant ushers to enable them to maintain order among the crowds during the preaching.

Saint James the Less was a 漁夫, he was 26 years old, married and had three children, was thought to be the cousin of Jesus and did help Philip with the supplies and also carried money to the families for Nathaniel.

saint john stained glass
聖約翰

聖約翰

James the Elder was the son of Zebedee and Salome and the brother of John the Peter, James, and John Zebedee were appointed personal companions of Jesus. He was 24 years old when he became an apostle and was the youngest of the twelve, unmarried and lived with his parents.

He was perhaps just a bit spoiled and was a man of few words except when his temper was aroused. He was gifted with remarkable and creative imagination. John Zebedee died a natural death at Ephesus in A.D. 103 when he was 101 years of age

saint jude stained glass
聖裘德

聖裘德

James the Elder was the son of Zebedee and Salome and the brother of John the Peter, James, and John Zebedee were appointed personal companions of Jesus. Jude, Thaddeus lived in Galilee. He was the son of Alpheus or Cleophas and Mary and the brother of James the Lesser.

Judas was a 漁夫, was married and had at least one child. Jude helped Philip with the supplies and did also carry money to the families for Nathaniel. Judas was also known as Jude, Lebbaeus and Thaddaeus

judas kiss
猶大親吻耶穌

加略人猶大

加略人猶大是叛徒;出賣耶穌的人。他是住在猶大基略的西門的兒子。在十二個人中,猶大是唯一的猶大人。所有其他人都來自加利利。

Judas Iscariot was appointed treasurer. He carried the bag. He paid all expenses and kept the books. He made budget estimates for Matthew from week to week and also made weekly reports to Andrew. Judas paid out funds on Andrew’s authorization. Judas was an only son of wealthy and unwise Jewish parents living in Jericho.

Judas was 30 years of age and unmarried when he joined the apostles. At a young age, he was pampered and petted; he was a spoiled child. Judas Iscariot was looking for employment in these regions when Jesus’ apostles found him and he was the only Judean among the twelve apostles. Judas was a good businessman, a great executive, a farseeing and able financier and a stickler for organization. Judas Iscariot was one of the best-educated men among the twelve

saint matthew stained glass
聖馬太

聖馬太或聖列維

馬太是阿爾菲斯的兒子,住在迦百農。他是一個收稅員.人們相信,耶穌選擇馬太的原因之一是因為他研究過聖經並且對它的意義有深刻的理解。

Matthew (Levi) was the fiscal agent of the apostolic corps. It was his duty to see that the budget was balanced, the treasury replenished. If the funds for mutual support were not forthcoming, if donations sufficient to maintain the party were not received, Matthew was empowered to order the twelve back to their nets for a season. But this was never necessary after they began their public work; he always had sufficient funds in the treasurer’s hands to finance their activities. Levi was the seventh apostle and was chosen by Andrew.

Matthew was 31 years old, married and had four children. He was a good businessman and a good social mixer gifted with the ability to make friends and to get along smoothly with a great variety of people. Matthew gave practically the whole of his modest fortune to the work of the Master and his apostles, but they never knew of this generosity. The apostles all died without knowing that Matthew was their benefactor.

saint matthias stained glass
聖馬蒂亞斯

聖馬蒂亞斯

Apostle Matthias was a disciple of Jesus Christ but was not part of the original 12. He is the only disciple who wasn’t summoned or called into the ministry by Jesus. Instead, he was chosen by the other disciples to replace Judas Iscariot, who committed suicide by hanging himself after betraying Jesus.

Apostle Matthias is only referenced by name in Acts 1:23 and 1:26, but after that, anytime the Twelve Apostles are named collectively, he is included. The New Testament tells us nothing about him other than these two mentions in Acts.

We do know that he matched Peter’s criteria for replacing Judas: he had accompanied Jesus since his baptism by John the Baptist, and he had witnessed Jesus’ ascension to heaven (Acts 1:21-22)

As with other more obscure disciples, the early church was frequently perplexed regarding Matthias’ identity, making it difficult for us to discover much more about him. Some said he was the same person as Nathanael or Zaccheus, and some even claimed he was the same person as Matthew. There are also apocryphal texts that purport to offer us an account of Matthias’ work, and numerous stories have developed around his missionary trips and death.

saint philip stained glass
聖菲利普

聖菲利普

菲利普來自伯賽大,與聖彼得和聖安德魯同城。人們相信他是一名漁夫。

Philip was made steward of the group. It was his duty to provide food and to see that visitors and even the multitude of listeners at times, had something to eat.

Apostle Philip was the fifth apostle to be chosen and was 27 years of age when he joined the apostles.

Philip had recently been married, but he had no children at this time. He came from a family of seven, three boys and four girls. Though Philip was not necessarily dull, he lacked imagination and was not a man who could be expected to do big things, but he was a man who could do little things in a big way and do them well and acceptably. Apostle Philip was not a good public speaker, but he was a very persuasive and successful personal worker

saint peter stained glass
聖彼得

聖彼得

西門彼得是喬納斯的兒子,漁夫 who lived in Bethsaida and Capernaum. Simon Peter (brother of Andrew), James, and John were appointed personal companions of Jesus. The Master had known Simon for some time before Andrew presented him as the second of the apostles.
 
Simon Peter was 30 years of age when he joined the apostles, was married and had three children. Simon was well known to all his friends as an erratic and impulsive fellow.

He was constantly getting into difficulties because he persisted in speaking without thinking, asked many questions, more than all the apostles put together; the majority of these questions were good and relevant, many were thoughtless and foolish.

Simon Peter was the outstanding preacher of the twelve; he did more than any other one man, aside from Paul, to establish the kingdom and send its messengers to the four corners of the earth in one generation

saint simon stained glass
圣西蒙

狂熱者圣西門

Very little is known about Simon the Zealot other than he was called the Zealots and lived in Galilee. Simon Zealotes (the Zealot) was given charge of recreation and play. He managed the Wednesday programs and also sought to provide for a few hours of relaxation and diversion each day.

He was the eleventh apostle and was chosen by Simon-Peter. He was 28 years old when he became attached to the apostles. Simon the zealot was a fiery agitator; and also a man who spoke much without thinking. He was a very efficient organizer, a great debater and he did like to argue

saint thomas stained glass
聖托馬斯

聖托馬斯

Thomas Didymus lived in Galilee. The synoptic Gospels tell us nothing of Thomas but John gives us more insight into his personality. Thomas (Didymus) was the manager of the itinerary. It devolved upon him to arrange lodgings and in a general way select places for teaching and preaching, thereby insuring a smooth and expeditious travel schedule.

He was the eighth disciple and was chosen by Philip. He was 29 years old when he joined the apostles and was married with four children. Thomas was formerly a carpenter and stonemason, but latterly he had become a fisherman, had little education, but he possessed a keen, reasoning mind and was the son of excellent parents.

Thomas grew up having a very disagreeable and quarrelsome disposition. His wife was glad to see him join the apostles; she was relieved by the thought that her pessimistic husband would be away from home most of the time. Thomas was a good executive, an excellent businessman, but he was handicapped by his many moods. If Jesus and his work had not been genuine, it could not have held a man like Thomas from the start to the finish. He had a keen and sure sense of the fact.

Jesus Called

As Jesus went around teaching and healing, he called people to start following him. Once as he was walking by the lake called the Sea of Galilee, He saw two fishermen. Simon and his brother Andrew were throwing a net into the lake to catch fish. Jesus said to them,

“Come and follow me. I will make you fishermen who will catch people.”

So Simon and Andrew left their nets and followed Jesus. Jesus gave Simon another name-“Rock.” In the Aramaic language, this name is called “Cephas” and in the Greek language it is called “Peter.”

As Jesus continued walking by the lake, he saw two more brothers. James and John were sons of a man called Zebedee. They were in their boat, preparing their nets to catch fish. Jesus told the brothers to come with him. So they left the boat and their father, and they followed Jesus.

jesus' calling
Jesus' Calling

On another day, Jesus was walking beside the lake. He saw the tax office there and a tax collector named Mathew Levi sitting there. Jesus said to him,

“follow me.”

Then Matthew stood up and followed Jesus.

Many people followed Jesus. They were called disciples, that is, people who learn from a teacher. Out of his disciples, Jesus chose twelve men and called them apostles. The word apostle means someone who is sent out. After he trained them, he gave them the power to heal people.

Then he sent them out to preach and heal. These are the names of the twelve apostles: Simon Peter, James and John (the sons of Zebedee), Andrew, Phillip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddeus, Simon the zealot, and Judas Iscariot. Judas Iscariot was the one who later turned Jesus over to his enemies.

那些成為祂身體的人:聖使徒

現在你有一個關於這十二個人的簡要介紹,他們跟隨我們的主三年,在耶穌升天之後,他們走在祂為他們設定的道路上。

現在你有一個關於這十二個人的簡要介紹,他們跟隨我們的主三年,在耶穌升天之後,他們走在祂為他們設定的道路上。

這些是簡短的介紹,但我們將提供關於每位使徒的文章,包括他們的生活簡介,從他們遇見耶穌到他們開始傳道,他們的旅行,以及在聖使徒故事旁邊以他們的死亡結束。

您會找到關於每位使徒及其對所教地方人們的影響的文章。您還將為他們的代禱和有關他們贊助的信息祈禱。

請留在我們身邊,因為我們會繼續帶來聖使徒到你家。

Sources

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