Umphostoli oNgcwele uJohane

the apostle saint john
St. John

NgokweTestamente Elisha, uJohane oPhostoli oNgcwele wayengomunye wabaPhostoli bakaJesu abayishumi nambili.

Wayeyindodana kaZebedewu noSalome futhi ngokuvamile wayebhekwa njengomphostoli omncane kunabo bonke. UJakobe, omunye wabaphostoli abayishumi nambili, wayengumfowabo.

Umphostoli uSanta John (osebenzayo ngekhulu lokuqala AD), omunye weAbaphostoli bakaJesu abali-12, ngokwesiko uthathwa njengombhali weFourth Gospel, the Book of Revelation, kanye nezincwadi ezintathu, noma izincwadi, ezibizwa ngegama lakhe.

Kuwo wonke amaVangeli, uJohane noJakobe, kanye noPetru, bavezwa njengabahlobene kakhulu noJesu kubo bonke abafundi bakhe. UJohane, kanye noPetru noJakobe, bafakazela ukuxhumana kukaJesu okungaphezu kwemvelo noMose no-Eliya eNtabeni iThabori; ngobusuku bangaphambi kokufa kukaJesu, ukhona eNsimini yaseGetsemane.

Lapho wonke umuntu eshiya uJesu ofayo, kusala uJohn kuphela, futhi uJesu uphathise unina, uMariya, ezandleni zakhe. Ngemuva kokufa kukaJesu, uJohane uvezwa njengomunye wabaholi babafundi bakaJesu baseJerusalema.

Encwadini yeZenzo, uJohane, kanye noPetru noJakobe, ufakaza ngoJesu. Yena noPeter baya eSamariya ukuyoqinisekisa abasanda kuguquka (Izenzo 8:14, 25).

saint john
UJohane oNgcwele

Ukuzalwa kukaSanta John / Imvelaphi

UJohn, indodana kaZebedewu noSalome, wazalelwa eGalile, cishe phakathi kuka-AD 10 no-15. Uyise wayengu-aumdobi, okuyinto uJohane ayenza ngenkathi ehlangana futhi elandela uJesu (Marku 5:37).

Unina waba ngomunye wabesifazane ababekhonza abalandeli bakaJesu (Marku 15: 40-41; 16: 1).

UJakobe, umfowabo, naye walandela uJesu. Bobabili laba bazalwane babizwa ngegama elithi Boanerges nguJesu, okusho ukuthi “amadodana okuduma” ngesi-Aramu (Marku 3:17), mayelana nokuziphatha kwabo ngomlilo kuJesu.

diego velázquez 018 (john the evangelist from patmos)
Full title: Saint John the Evangelist on the Island of Patmos Artist: Diego Velazquez Date made: about 1618 Source: http://www.nationalgalleryimages.co.uk/ Contact: [email protected] Copyright © The National Gallery, London

Ukuphila kukaJohane oNgcwele noKristu

UJohn, omunye wabaphostoli abayishumi nambili bokuqala ababizwa nguJesu futhi waziwa njengo “mfundi othandekayo, ”Wayemazi futhi emthanda kahle uJesu. Wambona efundisa futhi enza izimangaliso. UJohn wayenelungelo lokuhlala eduze kukaJesu ancike esifubeni sakhe eSidlweni Sokugcina (Johane 13:23).

Wayengukuphela komfundi owahlala neNkosi njengoba efa esiphambanweni, lapho uJesu anikela khona ukunakekelwa kukanina kuye (Johane 19: 25-27).

Ngokuzindla ngomkhuleko ngamazwi nangezenzo zikaJesu, uJohane wabona ukuthi uJesu uyindlela eya ekuphileni okuphakade (Johane 14: 6) –impilo eyambulelwa abafundi kuqala, bese kuthi kubo bonke abantu: “Lokho esikubonile nesikuzwile siyakumemezela. manje kini, ukuze nani nibe nenhlanganyelo nathi; ngoba ukuhlanganyela kwethu kukhona noYise kanye neNdodana yakhe, uJesu Kristu ”(1 Johane 1: 3 NAB).

Ukuhamba kukaJohane NoJesu

Ngesikhathi semicimbi emikhulu, uPeter, uJakobe noJohane bahamba noJesu futhi babesondelene naye. Laba bobathathu babenoJesu ngenkathi evusa indodakazi kaJayiru kwabafileyo, nangesikhathi sokuguqulwa kukaJesu isimo lapho egqokiswa ukukhanya futhi kwavela uMose no-Eliya.

Laba bobathathu bebekhona futhi lapho uJesu ethandaza eNsimini yaseGetsemane, elala izikhathi eziningana ngobusuku bangaphambi kokubethelwa kukaJesu, yize uJesu wayala ukuba bahlale bephapheme futhi bathandaze.

UPeter noJohn babenikwe ngisho nomsebenzi wokulungiselela iSidlo Sokugcina sikaJesu nabafundi bakhe, isenzakalo esibalulekile lapho uJesu ekhashelwa khona futhi eqala isiko elaziwa ngokuthi i-Eucharist, noma lokho esikubiza manje ngokuthi isidlo.

UJakobe noJohane babeshiseka ekuzinikeleni kwabo kuJesu nasemlayezweni wakhe, okwakuvame ukuholela ezenzweni zokuxhamazela. Ngenxa yalokhu, uJesu wabiza abazalwane ngokuthi “amaBoanerges” noma “amaDodana Okuduma.”

Bebefisa ukubiza umlilo wezulu eqenjini lamaSamariya abenqabile uJesu nabafundi bakhe, bathola abazalwane bethethiswa nguJesu. Ngenxa yokubaluleka noma ukusondelana kwabo noJesu, laba ababili baze babuza ukuthi bangahlala ezihlalweni zobukhosi eceleni kwakhe enkazimulweni yakhe.

st john (hals)
St John (Hals)

UJohane oNgcwele emBhalweni

UJohn waziwa kakhulu njengombhali weVangeli likaJohane, kanye nezinye izincwadi ezintathu zeTestamente Elisha, i-Epistles of John ne-Book of Revelation.

Umbhali weVangeli kuthiwa wenziwa “ngumfundi owayethandwa uJesu,” kanti uJohane 21:24 uthi iVangeli likaJohane lincike ebufakazini “Bomfundi Othandekayo.”

Kodwa-ke, ukubhalwa kweqiniso kuphikisiwe kusukela ngonyaka ka-200. Ngokwe-Eusebius 'Ecclesiastical History, iFirst Epistle of John neVangeli likaJohane lamukelwa kabanzi njengelekaJohane. U-Eusebius uyaqhubeka nephuzu lesibili nelesithathu.

Ukuphumelela kukaSanta John

USt.John ungumsizi wabalobi, uthando, ukwethembeka nobungani. Kwezobuciko, uvame ukuvezwa nokhozi, okufanekisela “ukuphakama akhuphukela kukho kuvangeli lakhe.” Ezinye izithombe zimbonisa ebheke phezulu ezulwini futhi etshela umfundi wakhe ngeVangeli lakhe.

UJohn wayenesikhundla esinegunya ebandleni lokuqala, njengoba kufakazelwa wukuhambela kwakhe eSamariya noSt. Peter ukuyobeka izandla abasanda kuguquka. Wabamba iqhaza elibalulekile ekuguqulweni kukaSt. Ubufakazi abukusekeli ukuphikisa kukaJohn ekunikezeni abezizwe ubulungu esontweni.

st john
St John

Abaphostoli ababili kuphela abathunyelwe nguJesu ukuyolungiselela isidlo sokugcina sePhasika,isidlo sakusihlwa sokugcina, kwakunguJohane noPetru. Esikhundleni sokulala kosofa, uSt.John wahlala eceleni kukaJesu, wancika kuye ngesikhathi sokudla.

UJohane kwakunguye kuphela kubaPhostoli abayiShumi naMbili ongazange amshiye uMsindisi ngesikhathi ebethelwa. Ngenkathi uMsindisi emmisa njengomgcini kaMama Wakhe,wema ngokuthembeka esiphambanweni.

Ngokwesiko leSonto, uJohn waya e-Efesu ngemuva kokunyuka kukaMariya. Kamuva, wadingiselwa amaRoma esiqhingini saseGrisi iPhatmose, lapho kuthiwa wabhala khona incwadi yeSambulo.

Ukufa kukaJohane oNgcwele

Ngokombono ocace bha wokufa kukaJohn, waboshwa e-Efesu futhi wabhekana nokufel 'ukholo lapho izitha zakhe zimphonsa emcengezini omkhulu kawoyela obilayo. Kodwa-ke, ngokwenganekwane, uJohn wasindiswa ngokuyisimangaliso ekufeni. Iziphathimandla zabe sezigweba uJohn ukuba abe yizigqila ezimayini zasePhatmose.

UJohn waba nombono kaJesu Kristu futhi wabhala incwadi engokwesiprofetho yesAmbulo kulesi siqhingi esiseningizimu ye-Aegean Sea. Kamuva, mhlawumbe ngenxa yokuguga, umphostoli uJohane wakhululwa futhi wabuyela ezweni manje elibizwa ngokuthi iTurkey. Wafa ngokuthula njengendoda endala esikhathini esithile emva kuka-AD 98, okuwukuphela komphostoli owenza lokho.

UJohn waba nombono kaJesu Kristu futhi wabhala incwadi engokwesiprofetho yesAmbulo kulesi siqhingi esiseningizimu ye-Aegean Sea. Kamuva, mhlawumbe ngenxa yokuguga, umphostoli uJohane wakhululwa futhi wabuyela ezweni manje elibizwa ngokuthi iTurkey. Wafa ngokuthula njengendoda endala esikhathini esithile emva kuka-AD 98, okuwukuphela komphostoli owenza lokho.

Omunye umbono ngokufa kukaJohn uhlobene noPapias waseHierapolis, umbhishobhi wekhulu lesibili leminyaka. Ngokwencazelo eyodwa yemibhalo kaPapias, uJohn wabulawa yiqembu lamadoda angamaJuda. Izazi-mlando eziningi, nokho, zikholelwa ukuthi uPapias wacashunwa ngokungeyikho noma wafundwa kabi, okwenza ukungabaza ngokwethembeka kwalo mbono.

Kukhona nenganekwane ethi uJohn akazange afe kepha esikhundleni salokho wenyukela ngqo ezulwini, njengo-Enoke no-Elijah. Akunabufakazi beBhayibheli obusekela le ndaba.

Ekugcineni, akudingekile ukwazi ukuthi umphostoli uJohane wafa kanjani. Okubalulekile ukuthi wayengenamahloni ngoKristu futhi wayezimisele ukufela ukholo lwakhe (bona uLuka 9:26). Indoda ngeke ifele into ekholelwa kuyo. Umuntu ngeke afele into ayaziyo ukuthi ingamanga. UJohn wayelazi iqiniso lokuthi uJesu uvusiwe, futhi wayezimisele ngokufa kunokuba alahle ukholo lwakhe kuMsindisi wakhe.

st. john the apostle and evangelist
St. John the Apostle and Evangelist

I-Saint John Key Takeaway

UNkulunkulu wenza ubizo, nabantu basabele. Ubizo lukaJohane nomfowabo uJakobe, kanye noPetru nomfowabo u-Andreya, luchazwe ngokulula emaVangelini: uJesu wababiza; balandela. I-akhawunti ikhombisa ukuphendula okuphelele.

“Babesesikebheni, noyise uZebedewu, belungisa amanetha abo. Wababiza, bashiya masinyane umkhumbi noyise bamlandela ”(uMathewu 4: 21b-22).

Lolo kholo lwaluzoklonyeliswa ubuhlobo obukhethekile noJesu kulabo abathathu ababengabadobi — uPetru, uJakobe noJohane. Babodwa ababona ukuguqulwa isimo, ukukhuliswa kwendodakazi kaJayiru, kanye nosizi eGetsemane. Kodwa ubungani bukaJohn babuyinto ekhethekile. Isiko limnika iVangeli Lesine, kepha izifundiswa eziningi zeBhayibheli zanamuhla zikholelwa ukuthi umphostoli nomvangeli ababona abantu abafanayo.

jan massijs - the apocalypse of saint john the evangelist (1563)
Jan Massijs - The Apocalypse of Saint John the Evangelist (1563)

Isifinyezo sikaSanta John

USt. UJohane Umphostoli, indodana kaZebedewu noSalome, wayengomunye wabaPhostoli bakaJesu abayishumi nambili. INkosi yethu yamisa uJohane njengoMphostoli ngonyaka wokuqala wenkonzo Yakhe yasobala. Kucatshangwa ukuthi uyafana noJohn the Evangelist, John of Patmos, kanye noMfundi Othandekayo.

USt. James Omkhulu, omunye wabaPhostoli bakaJesu Abayishumi Nambili, wayengumfowabo kaJohane omdala. Abazalwane babebizwa uJesu ngokuthi “amaBoanerges,” okusho ukuthi “amadodana okuduma.” UJohn kucatshangwa ukuthi ungumphostoli owaphila isikhathi eside kunabo bonke futhi ukuphela komuntu ongazange afele ukholo.

Izinsiza Saint John the Apostle

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