The Apostle Matthias

st matthias
St. Matthias

UMathiya (owaziwa nangokuthi uSanta Matthias esontweni lamaKhatholika) wakhethwa abafundi abayishumi nanye abasele ukuba bathathe indawo yomkhapheli, uJudas Iskariyothe ngaphambi kokuvuka kukaJesu.

Isincomo esingokomBhalo senzelwe abafundi abayishumi nambili ngakho-keUmphostoli uPetruumemezele ukuthi kumele bakhethe enye ezothatha indawo ye-UJuda Iskariyothe.

UMathiya wakhethwa njengomPhostoli weshumi nambili kusukela abekhona noJesu Kristu ngesikhathi sakhe eMhlabeni nangokubethelwa kwakhe.

Ngenkathi amadoda amabili ekhethwa ukuthi athathe indawo yeshumi nambili kubaPhostoli kwakwenziwa inkatho kwathi uMathiya wakhethwa njengomphostoli weshumi nambili nowokugcina.

Wayengubani uSanta Matthias?

Ngokusho kwe "Izenzo zabaPhostoli 1: 21-26," uSanta Matthias wayengumfundi owakhethwa ngabaphostoli esikhundleni sikaJudas Iscariot ngemuva kokukhaphela kukaJesu Kristu. Kwakubalulekile ukuthi umphakathi ubekezele noma sekubethelweukusabalalisa ukholo lobuKristuemhlabeni wonke, futhi kwakubalulekile ukuthi inani labaphostoli lihlale liyi-12, njengoba i-12 kwakuyinombolo yezizwe zakwa-Israyeli futhi umphostoli weshumi nambili wayedingeka ekufikeni kuka-Israyeli omusha.

apostel mattias met speer s. mathias (titel op object) christus en de apostelen
Apostel Mattias met speer S. Mathias (titel op object) Christus en de apostelen

UJesu ngokwakhe wakhetha abaphostoli abangu-12 bokuqala, kanti abanye abaphostoli bakhetha uMatiya Ongcwele ngemuva kokuPhakama. Bavota ngamavoti futhi bakhetha uMathias.

Akukho lwazi oluthe xaxa ngaye eTestamenteni Elisha. Kukholakala ukuthi uMathiyawabeka ukholo lwakhekuJesu Kristu ngaphezu kwakho konke okunye futhi wayekhona nabanye abaphostoli ngePhentekoste. Wamukela zonke izimfundiso zikaJesu futhi wanikela ngempilo yakhe ukuze enze inkonzo yeNkosi, ngisho nangemva kokushushiswa ngabaningi.

Wabuye wenza izimangaliso eziningi egameni leNkosi uJesu, ezaguqulela abaningi enkolweni yobuKristu. Ungumphathi wababazi, abathungi, nalabo abathinteka yingxibongo.

mattathias and the apostate
Mattathias and the Apostate

Ubuntwana & Impilo Yasekuqaleni

USanta Matthias wazalwa ngekhulu lokuqala AD, eJudiya. Ebusheni bakhe bokuqala, wafunda umthetho kaNkulunkulu ngaphansi kukaSimeon Ongcwele. Ngokusho kwalezi zenzo, kuthiwa uMathiya wayehambe neNkosi kusukela ngesikhathi ibhabhadiswa futhi wayephakathi kwabafundi abangama-72 ababhanqwa futhi bathunyelwa nguJesu.

IVangeli likaMathiya

IVangeli likaMathiya umbhalo olahlekile othi ubhalwe nguMathiya. Isonto lokuqala lalinemibono exubile ngobuqiniso balo, futhi sazi ngalo kuphela emibhalweni yabanye.

UClement wase-Alexandria uyicaphuna ngenkathi echaza ihlelo lobuKhristu eliyimbuka elaziwa ngokuthi amaNikolawu — izimfundiso zalo uJohn uMambuli athi uJesu uyazizonda (Isambulo 2: 6) —esitshela ukuthi kuthi,

“Kumele silwe nenyama yethu, singayikhathaleli, futhi singavumi lutho olungayithopha, kepha kunalokho sandise ukukhula komphefumulo wethu ngokukholwa nangolwazi”.

U-Eusebius wathi yabhalwa nayizihlubuki. Kepha ngaphandle kombhalo uqobo, akunakwenzeka ukusho ukuthi yiliphi inani okungenzeka ukuthi lalinalo.

saint matthias

Saint Matthew Missionary

Njengomunye wabayishumi nambili, uMathiya wayengumphostoli, okusho ukuthi wayephathiswe ukushumayela ivangeli nokusiza ukuthi lisabalale emhlabeni wonke owaziwayo. Igama esilihumusha ngokuthi umphostoli (u-Apostolos) ngokwezwi nezwi lisho "lowo othunyelwe," futhi bonke abaphostoli bathunyelwa ndawana thile. Kepha ukuthi uMathiya washonaphi ngqo kuncike kusiko olilandelayo.

Saint Matthew Ministry

Ngokwesiko, kukholakala ukuthi, ngemuva kokwehla kukaMoya oNgcwele, uMathiya wakhonza futhi washumayela iVangeli eJerusalema naseJudiya nabanye abaphostoli.

Ukusuka eJerusalema, waya e-Antiyokiya yaseSyria futhi wayekhona edolobheni laseTitanium naseSinope. Ngesikhathi sakhe lapha, uSanta Matthias waboshwa kepha wakhululwa ngokuyisimangaliso nguUSaint Andrew owabizwa okokuqala. Emva kwalokhu, waya edolobheni lase-Amasea, elalisogwini loLwandle iCaspian.

Wayehamba noMphostoli Andrew ohambweni lweminyaka emithathu futhi wayenaye e-Edessa naseSebaste. Ngokwesiko, washumayela ePontine Ethiopia (manje eyaziwa ngokuthi iWestern Georgia) naseMakedoniya. Wayehlala eshushiswa ngabantu lapho kodwa aqhubeke nokushumayela iVangeli kubo.

st matthias church richmond greater london
St Matthias Church Richmond Greater London

Kolunye udaba lwendaba, abaseTopiya basePontine babebhekwa njengabahedeni kanye namaqaba, futhi baphoqa ongcwele ukuthi baphuze ushevu. Kodwa wahlala engenamyocu ngoba wayevikelwe yiNkosi, waphinde welapha nezinye iziboshwa ezaziphuphuthekiswe yilo shevu.

USanta Matthias walishiya ijele, futhi lokhu kwabathukuthelisa abahedeni ababelokhu bemfuna ngeze. Babehlose ukubulala usanta, futhi ngokwendaba, umhlaba wavuleka wabagubuzela.

Ngemuva kwalokhu, wabuyela eJudiya futhi waqhubeka nokukhanyisela abantu bakubo ngezimfundiso zikaKristu. Ubatshele nokuthi ukwazile kanjani ukwenza izimangaliso egameni leNkosi uJesu futhi wakhuthaza abaningi ukuba babe nokholo kuKristu.

Lokhu kwamthukuthelisa umPristi Ophakeme wamaJuda u-Ananiya, owayezonda uKristu. Wayesevele eyalele ukuthi kubulawe uMphostoli uJames phambilini futhi wanquma ukubopha uMathias. Ongcwele walethwa ukwahlulelwa phambi kweSanhedrin eJerusalema.

Ngesikhathi kuqulwa icala, umPristi Ophakeme u-Ananiya wanyundela iNkosi ngenkulumo ehlambalazayo. Kodwa uMathias, esebenzisa iziphrofetho zeTestamente Elidala, wachaza ukuthi uJesu Kristu “unguNkulunkulu Weqiniso, uMesiya othenjisiwe, iNdodana kaNkulunkulu, i-Consubstantial and Coeternal noNkulunkulu uBaba.”

mathias (winterhalder) - st. margarethen, waldkirch
Mathias (Winterhalder) - St. Margarethen, Waldkirch

Ukuzindla

Babuyini ubungcwele bukaMathiya? Ngokusobala, wayekulungele ukuba ngumphostoli ngokwazi ukuba noJesu kusukela ekubhapathizweni kwakhe kuze kube sekunyukeleni kwakhe ezulwini. Kumele futhi ukuthi wayefanelekile uqobo, noma ngabe wayengaqokelwa umthwalo omkhulu kangaka.

Akufanele yini sizikhumbuze ukuthi ubungcwele obuyisisekelo bukaMathiya kwakungukwamukela kwakhe ngenjabulo ubudlelwano noYise abunikwa nguJesu futhi kwaqedwa nguMoya oNgcwele?

Uma abaphostoli beyizisekelo zokholo lwethu ngobufakazi babo, kufanele futhi babe izikhumbuzo, uma kuphela ngokusobala, ukuthi ubungcwele buyindaba kaNkulunkulu, futhi bunikelwa kubo bonke, ezimeni zansuku zonke zokuphila. Siyamukela, futhi nalokhu uNkulunkulu unikeza amandla enkululeko.

Ukufa Nefa

Ngokusho kukaNicephorus, uSanta Matthias wayekhonabakhandwa ngamatshe baze bafae-Ethiopia (yanamuhla iGeorgia). “Izenzo zika-Andrew noMatias,” ezingamaCoptic, iyakuqinisekisa lokhu. Umaki obekwe emanxiweni enqaba yaseRoma eGonia uthi usanta ungcwatshwe kuleyo ndawo.

The Synopsis of Dorotheus also talks about a similar story. It claims that Matthias was preaching the Gospel in the sea harbour of Hyssus and at the mouth of the river Phasis. He died at Sebastopolis and was buried near the Temple of the Sun.

stadtpfarrkirche ro oö hochaltar - apostel matthias 1710
Stadtpfarrkirche RO OÖ Hochaltar - Apostel Matthias 1710

Kwesinye isiko, uSanta Matthias wakhandwa ngamatshe ngabantu baseJerusalema ngemuva kokuthukuthela u-Ananiya. Ngemuva kokufa kwakhe, wanqunywa amakhanda ngamaJuda ukuze afihle icala lawo. Ababulali bakhe base bemqamba njengesitha sikaKesari. Ngokusho kukaHippolytus waseRoma, usanta wabulawa ukuguga eJerusalema.

Kuthiwa iNdlovukazi uHelena, unina woMbusi uConstantine I, yaletha izinsalela zosanta e-Italy. Ingxenye yalezi zinsalela yafakwa e-Abbey yaseSanta Giustina kanti okusele e-Abbey yaseSt. Matthias.

ISonto LaseLatin ligubha umkhosi kaSanta Matthias ngomhla ka-14 Meyi, kanti iSonto LamaGrikhi liwugubha ngomhla ka-9 Agasti.

Ukhiye wokuthatha

UMathiya, ogama lakhe lisho ukuthi “isipho sikaNkulunkulu”, wayengumfundi owakhethwa ukufaka esikhundleni sikaJuda njengomunye wabaPhostoli abayishumi nambili. Izenzo zabaPhostoli zithi naye wayengomunye wabafundi abangama-72 iNkosi uJesu eyabathuma ukuyoshumayela izindaba ezinhle. UMatias wayeneNkosi kusukela ekuBhabhathizweni Kwakhe, futhi “wayengufakazi wovuko lukaKristu,” ngokusho kukaSt. Peter encwadini yeZenzo. Wahlala noJesu kwaze kwaba sekuPhakameni kwakhe.

Ngokwamasiko ahlukahlukene, uMathiya washumayela eCappadocia, eJerusalema, osebeni loLwandle iCaspian (eTurkey yanamuhla) naseTopiya. Kuthiwa wahlangana nokufa kwakhe ngokubethelwa esiphambanweni eColchis noma ngokukhandwa ngamatshe eJerusalema.

Kunobufakazi obucashunwe kwabanye bobaba beSonto bokuqala ukuthi kwakukhona iVangeli ngokukaMatias elalisakazwa, kepha selilahlekile futhi uPapa Gelasius wamemezela i-apocrypha.

Unxuswa ukuba asizakale ekulweni nophuzo oludakayo, nasekusekelweni ngabaphuza utshwala.

saint matthias, ca. 1317–19, workshop of simone martini italian
Saint Matthiasca. 1317–19
Workshop of Simone Martini Italian

Isiphetho

The Bible tells us almost nothing about Matthias. But what we do know is that he’d been following Jesus from the beginning despite not receiving a personal invitation, like the amalungu okuqala kwabayishumi nambili. Futhi noma ngabe uMathias ukuba ngumphostoli kwakuyicebo likaNkulunkulu noma elikaPetru, waba ngumholi oqavile esontweni lekhulu lokuqala futhi wadlala indima ebalulekile ekusabalaliseni ivangeli emhlabeni wonke.

Izinsizakusebenza

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