Umphostoli uSanta Peter

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USt. Peter

USanta Peter, owaziwa nangokuthi uSimon Peter, uSimeon, uSimoni, uKhefase, noma uPetru Umphostoli, wayengomunye wabaPhostoli Abayishumi Nambili bakaJesu Kristu futhi wayengomunye wabasunguli beSonto lokuqala.

USaint Peter ngokomlando ubhekwa njengombhishobhi wokuqala waseRoma noma upapa, kanye nokhokho wokuqala wase-Antiyokiya ngokwesiko lamaKrestu aseMpumalanga.

Amasonto akudala obuKrestu amthatha njengobaba weSonto LamaRoma kanye neBandla Lase-Antiyokiya, kepha kukhona ukungavumelani maqondana negunya lalabo abamlandela namuhla.

Wayengu-umdobiowasukuma waba yiUmholi wabaPhostolingaphandle kokwehluleka kukaJesu Kristu ezikhathini eziningi.

Izinkulungwane zabantu zaguqulwa yizintshumayelo zakhe, futhi wenza izimangaliso eziningana kukho konke ukuphila kwakhe.

USaint Paul noSanta Peter babenobudlelwano obunesiyaluyalu ngoba babenemibono engafani ngobudlelwano bamaKrestu angamaJuda nawabeZizwe.

Peters Early Life / Ukuzalwa

USimon kwakuyigama langempela likaSanta Peter kuze kube yilapho uJesu emnika igama elithi Peter. USanta Peter wazalwa ngekhulu lokuqala BC njengoSimon noma uSimeon, ngokweTestamente Elisha. Igama lakhe lalilandela isiko lamaJuda lokuqamba izingane zamadodana ngegama lenzalamizi evelele evela eTestamenteni Elidala. USimon wayengafundile futhi wayekhuluma nje ngesi-Aramu.

Wayengu-umdobi ngomsebenzi, futhi wayehlala eBetsayida, eduze koLwandle LwaseGalile. Ngaphambi kokujoyina uJesu ekusakazeni isigijimi sakhe, wasebenza kumanetha okudoba nomfowabo u-Andrew kanye namadodana kaZebedewu, uJohane noJakobe.

Wayesevele eshadile (uMarku 1:30) ngenkathi ehlangana futhi elandela uJesu; wayengafundile (Izenzo 4: 13), futhi wasebenzisa amanetha okudoba noyise kanye nomfowabo u-Andrew edolobheni elingaselwandle laseKapernawume. Ngosuku olufanayo, u-Andreya wajoyina iqembu labafundi bakaJesu.

pietro (apostolo)
Pietro (apostolo)

Ubukhulu bukaSanta Peter

AmaKrestu avela emikhakheni eyahlukene yezenkolo awavumelani ngokubaluleka ngqo kwenkonzo kaPeter. Isibonelo, amaKatolika abheka uSanta Peter njengopapa wokuqala. Ngokusho kweSonto LamaKhatholika, inkonzo kaPeter, njengoba ayinikezwa nguJesu waseNazaretha emavangelini, isungula isisekelo semfundiso yenkolo yokusebenzisa upapa igunya lokwalusa eBandleni.

KubuKatolika, ubukhulu bukaSanta Peter kuthiwa buyisisekelo sobukhulu bombhishobhi waseRoma ngaphezu kwabanye ababhishobhi kulo lonke iSonto.

Ubukhulu bukaMbhishobhi waseRoma, owaziwa nangokuthi isikhundla sikaPontiff waseRoma, ukunwetshwa kukaPetrine kongamela opapa. Ngokwale mfundiso yeSonto LamaKatolika, upapa unegunya elinikezwe nguJesu ukuphatha lonke iSonto.

I-Eastern Orthodox ikholelwa ukuthi inkonzo kaPeter ikhomba emfundisweni eyisisekelo lapho ukunikezwa okukhethekile phezu kwabanye abaholi beSonto kufanele kunikezwe abalandela uPetru, kodwa bakubone lokhu njengokumane nje “kuyisikhundla sokuhlonipha,” kunelungelo lokusebenzisa igunya lokwalusa.

Izinkolo zamaProthestani zithi umsebenzi kaPetru wobuphostoli eRoma awusho ubuhlobo nobupapa.

Ngokunjalo, izazi-mlando ezivela ezizindeni ezahlukahlukene zinikeza ukuhumusha okwehlukile kobukhona bomPhostoli eRoma.

st. peter preaching in jerusalem
St. Peter Preaching in Jerusalem

Impilo kaPetru noKristu

Lapho uPetru ehlangana noJesu, impilo yakhe yaguqulwa. UJesu utshela uPetru ukuthi abeke isikebhe sakhe emini ukuze adobe kuLuka 5: 1-11. UPeter, owayesanda kubuya ebusuku obungenazithelo edoba, wayekhonawangabaza, kodwa walalelaumyalo. UPetru wabamba izinhlanzi eziningi kakhulu waze wadinga isikebhe sesibili esizomsiza ekungeniseni.

Lokhu okuhlangenwe nakho kwenala, ngokusho kukaPetru, kwakuwuphawu lokuba khona kukaNkulunkulu. Wacela uJesu ukuba amshiye, kodwa uJesu wamtshela ukuthi uzoba umdobi wabantu.

Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, uPetru wayengomunye wabafundi bokuqala ababizwa nguJesu, futhi wayevame ukuba ngumkhulumeli wabo - kokuhle noma okubi. Enye yezinto adunyiswa ngayo ukuqonda okungafani nokuthi uJesu ungubani. UPetru waba ngowokuqala ukubiza uJesu njengeNdodana kaNkulunkulu - uMesiya (Marku 8:29, Luka 9:20, Math. 16: 16-17).

Ngenkathi uJesu ebiza uPetru, wayazi ukuthi uvela kuNkulunkulu, kodwa wazizwa engafanele ukuba sebusweni bukaJesu (Luka 5: 6-8). Yize kunjalo, uJesu akazange anqikaze ukutshela uPetru no-Andreya ukuthi uzobenza "abadobi babantu" (Marku 1:17).

UPeter wayenesibindi, kodwa wayehlale enamaphutha. Yaze yakhuza iNkosi kanye futhi yathi yayizimisele ukufela uJesu, yize yamphika kathathu ngesikhathi kuboshwa futhi kuqulwa icala likaJesu (Mat. 16: 21-22).

UJesu wayebathanda abafundi futhi wayazi ukuthi ngubani ozohlala ethembekile Kuye nokuthi ngubani ozomkhaphela (uJudas Iskariyothe). UPetru wabona izimangaliso eziningi zikaJesu, kanye neNkazimulo kaShekhinah noJohane noJakobe ngesikhathi sokuguqulwa isimo. Leli kwakuyiphuzu lapho ubuntu bukaJesu bembulwa khona ukwembula inkazimulo yobuNkulunkulu Bakhe (Math. 17: 1-9).

peter in chora
Peter in Chora

Impumelelo yaseSaint Peters

Kunombhalo ozinikele mayelanaPeter amaqiniso womfundikodwa kusobala ukuthi uPetru wayengomunye waboAbaphostoli bakaJesu abali-12. Ngokwesiko lamaRoma Katolika, uJesu waqoka uSt.Peter njengoPapa wokuqala (uMathewu 16:18). UJesu waphinde wamnika "izikhiye zombuso wezulu" (Mathewu 16:19), yingakho ekhonjiswa kaningi kwezobuciko namasiko athandwayo emasangweni ezulu.

UPetru wayengumPhostoli wokuqala ukwamukela uJesu njengoMesiya, lowo uNkulunkulu ayethembise ukuthi uzosindisa abantu bakhe. Ngokuba ngumdobi wabantu (Mathewu 4:19) kuKristu, wanikela ngempilo yakhe njengomdobi ukuze aholele abanye kuJesu. Wabona ukuguqulwa isimo, lapho uJesu embulwa khona ukuthi uyiNdodana kaNkulunkulu.

saint peter
UPeter Ongcwele

Wabona uJesu evusa ingane efile (Luka 8: 40-56), futhi wabona nobuhlungu bukaJesu Ensimini yaseGetsemane. Wayengowokuqala futhi kubaphostoli ukuqala ukwenza izimangaliso egameni likaKristu. Ngenxa yokuthi uSt. Peter wayexhasa ukusakazwa kweZindaba Ezinhle kwabeZizwe, iSonto laba yiKhatholika ngempela, noma "labaningi," ngoba umyalezo wawusatshalaliswa kuwo wonke umuntu, kungakhathalekile ukuthi uvelaphi.

Inkolelo yamaKhatholika yokuthi isonto laseRoma lihola lonke ibandla lobuKrestu lisuselwa enkolelweni yokuthi uJesu wanika uPetru lo msebenzi, owabe esungula ibandla lokuqala lobuKrestu eRoma.

Ungumsizi wopapa, iRoma, namadolobha amaningi abizwa ngegama lakhe, kufaka phakathi iSt. Peters Saint-Pierre. Njengowake waba ngumdobi, ungusanta ongumvikeli wabenzi benetha, abakhi bemikhumbi, nabadobi, futhi ungumphathi wabasiki bengcwenga yokukhiya ngoba “unezihluthulelo zezulu.”

USanta Petru eBhayibhelini

Peter is a prominent figure in the gospels and Acts, and Paul mentions him several times in his letters. In many biblical accounts, Peter is the first to state the obvious and say what everyone else is thinking (or at least what he is thinking), and he takes centre stage.

Abantu bamangazwa wukuqina kukaPeter nokuzethemba kwakhe yize ayengafundile. UPeter wayekhuluma kahle kodwa engamangali. Baphinde babona ukuthi wayekade enoJesu futhi bazibonela mathupha ukuthi ukuzihlanganisa noJesu kwawenza kanjani umehluko.

saint peter
UPeter Ongcwele

Ukuphika kukaPeter

Ngokwamavangeli amane eTestamente Elisha, ukuphikwa kukaPetru kubhekise ezikhathini ezintathu uMphostoli uPetru aphika ngazo uJesu. Ngokwamavangeli amane, uJesu wabikezela ngesikhathiIsidlo Sokugcinaukuthi uPeter wayezophika ulwazi lwakhe futhi amphike ngaphambi kokuthi “iqhude likhale” ngakusasa ekuseni.

Wamphika okokuqala lapho incekukazi yesifazane yompristi omkhulu imthola futhi emmangalela ngokuba noJesu. Ngokokulandisa kukaMarku, “iqhude lakhala,” kanti uLuka noJohane bakhuluma ngaye ehleli emlilweni nabanye.

Ukuphika kwesibili kwenzeka ngesikhathi eya esangweni, kude nelambu lomlilo. NgokukaMark, yona leyo ncekukazi, noma enye incekukazi, ngokukaMathewu, noma indoda, njengoba kushiwo kuLuka nakuJohane, yazisa abantu ukuthi uPetru wayengomunye wabalandeli bakaJesu. “Iqhude lakhala,” kusho uJohn futhi.

NgokweVangeli likaJohane, ukuphikwa kwesibili kwenzeka ngesikhathi uPetru esahleli eceleni komlilo, futhi kwaba nokuqinisekiswa okwenziwa ngumuntu othile owambona eNsimini yaseGetsemane ngenkathi uJesu eboshwa.

Ukuphika kwesithathu nokokugcina kweza lapho kusetshenziswa indlela yakhe yokukhuluma yaseGalile ukufakazela ukuthi ungumfundi kaJesu. “Iqhude lakhala” futhi, ngokusho kukaMathewu, uMarku noLuka.

UMathewu uqhubeka athi yizwi lakhe elamkhomba ukuthi ungowaseGalile.

ULuka akavumelani nokuphikwa kwesithathu, ethi kummangalela umuntu oyedwa, hhayi isixuku sonke. Akukho lapho kukhulunywa khona ngokugqamisa embhalweni kaJohane.

UPeter waphika uJesu kathathu, kodwa ngemuva kwesithathu, wezwa iqhude likhala futhi wakhumbula ukubikezela kukaJesu. Ube eseqala ukukhala ngokungalawuleki. Lokhu kwaziwa ngokuthi 'Ukuphenduka kukaPetru.'

masaccio, crucifixion of st peter
Masaccio, Crucifixion of St Peter

Ukufa KukaPeter

NgokweVangeli likaJohane, uJesu wakhomba ekufeni kukaSt.

"Uma umdala, uzokwelula izandla zakho, omunye umuntu azokumbathisa akuse lapho ungafuni ukuya khona,"

wathi (Johane 21:18).

Ngeshwa, ukufa kukaPeter akukhulunywa ngakho eBhayibhelini. Kodwa-ke, izazi-mlando ziyakholelwa kuyewabulawa ngokubethelwangesikhathi sokubusa kuka-Emperor Nero ngo-64 AD

Lapho ebhekene nesiphetho sakhe, uPeter wacela ukuthi abethelwe esiphambanweni phansi. Kuthiwa wayengaziboni efanelekile ukubulawelwa ukholo ngendlela efanayo noKristu. USt Linus wangena esikhundleni sikaPeter njengoPapa wokuqala waseRoma weSonto lamaKhatholika ngemuva kokushona kukaSt.

Umugqa wokulandelana ovela eSt. Linus awunqamukile, ubuyela emuva ku-64 AD Ukuze ube ngcwele eSontweni LamaKatolika, kufanele uhlangabezane nezinqubo eziningana, kufaka phakathi impilo ephilwa njengenceku kaNkulunkulu, ubufakazi bobuhle bobuqhawe, nezimangaliso eziqinisekisiwe. USt. Peter kuthiwa wahamba phezu kwamanzi noJesu okokugcina kwalokhu. USt.Peter akagcinanga ngokufeza zonke lezi zidingo, kepha futhi ungusanta ongumvikeli wopapa, iRoma, abadobi, nabasebenza ngezingidi.

USt. Peter Uyahamba

St. Peter travelled throughout many regions, including Jerusalem, Antioch, and Corinth, preaching the Gospel and converting people to Christianity. The final city he was to visit was Rome, where St. Peter was martyred during Emperor Nero’s persecution of Christianity in the year 64.

Izindondo zaseSt

I-pendant yase-St. Peter noma i-medallion ngokujwayelekile izombonisa ephethe okhiye abakhulu, uphawu lukaJesu emnikeza izikhiye zombuso wezulu (Math 16). Le nkomba isengatholakala emifanekisweni yesimanje kaPetru njengomgcini-sango emasangweni amaparele ezulu.

confraternity medal saint peter in brass
Indondo kaSanta Peter

Ukhiye wokuthatha

UPetru oNgcwele, uJesu amqoka njengopapa wokuqala, ukhulunywa ngaphezu kwanoma yimuphi omunye umphostoli eTestamenteni Elisha. USt. Peter, umdobi owabizwa nguKristu ukuthi ashiye amanetha akhe futhi abe "umdobi wabantu," wayehlangothini lukaJesu emsebenzini wakhe omkhulu wasobala.

USt. Peter wahola ibandla lokuqala ngokwandiswa nokushushiswa kulandela ukubethelwa kukaKristu, ukufa nokuvuka kwakhe - nokwenyukela kwakhe ezulwini.

Ngenkathi uSt. Peter egwetshwa intambo ngokubethelwa esiphambanweni ngaphansi kuka-Emperor Nero ngo-64 AD, wakhetha ukubethelwa ngokubhekiswa phansi, ethi akakufanele ukufa ngendlela efanayo noMesiya. Izinsalela zakhe zihlonishwa eSt. Peter's Basilica eRoma, lapho abahambeli beza khona bezomhlonipha yena nabazomlandela njengo-Vicar of Christ and His Church on Earth.

attributed to bernardino da asola - the death of saint peter martyr
Attributed to Bernardino da Asola - the death of Saint Peter martyr

Fingqa uSanta Peter

USt. Peter ngokwesiko uthathwa njengombhishobhi wokuqala waseRoma kanye nomholi wabaPhostoli abali-12 bakaJesu. Baqala ukuhlangana ngenkathi belalele intshumayelo kaSt. John the Baptist. UPetru wabona ukuthi uJesu unguMesiya ngesikhathi ehlangana naye. Ngokufanayo, kusukela ngesikhathi uJesu ahlangana noPetru, wayazi ukuthi uzoba yidwala leSonto.

Ngemuva kovuko, uJesu wahambela okokuqala eSt. Yilapho lapho uJesu azibiza khona njengomholi weSonto. Ngenxa yalokho, uPeter waba ngowokuqala emgqeni wabaholi eSontweni LamaKatolika, manje esaziwa njengopapa. NjengoJesu, wafa njengomfel 'ukholo. ITestamente Elisha liqukethe ulwazi oluningi ngoSt. Peter, ikakhulukazi emaVangelini amane ahambisanayo.

Izinsiza zeSanta Peter

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