Ukuhlangana Okungokomoya KwabaPhostoli Egumbini Eliphezulu

Ukuhlangana ngokomoya kwabaphostoli egumbini eliphezulu kwaziwa njengendawo yokuqala yePentekoste kusukela ngekhulu lesine AD. Kuyaziwa nangokuthi iCenacle. ICenacle isuselwa egameni lesiLatini elisho ukuthiNgiyadla.

Ngokusho kwamaKhatholika, itholakala engxenyeni eseningizimu yeDolobha Elidala laseJerusalema eNtabeni iZiyoni, indawo eyakhiwe yiKing David Tomb. Yaqhubeka yaba iSonto LamaKristu lokuqala.

the spiritual encounter of the apostles
Ukuhlangana Okungokomoya KwabaPhostoli

Kwakusegumbini eliphezulu iSidlo Sokugcina senzeka. UJesu wadla nabaphostoli bakhe, wethula iSivumelwano Esisha egazini lakhe, wabanika intshumayelo yakhe yokugcina nesikhuthazo, futhi wathandaza "umthandazo wakhe wobupristi obuphakeme" phezu kwabo.

E-Cenacle, uJesu wageza izinyawo zabafundi bakhe (Johane 13: 1-20), umsebenzi ovame ukwenziwa yisigqila esiphansi, esiphansi kunazo zonke. Ngalesi senzo esilula, uJesu wabakhumbuza lokhoAbalandeli bakheyilabo abakhonzanayo, hhayi labo abalindele ukukhonzwa, okumele inkonzo yenkonzo yothando futhi kuphawula ukuqala kobungane obunothando noJesu (Johane 14-16).

Kule ndawo efanayo, abafundi babuthana noMariya futhi bathandazela ukuza koMoya oNgcwele emva kokufa kukaJesu (Johane 20: 19–23).

Njengoba umuntu engabona, imisebenzi eminingi yenzeka egumbini eliphezulu. Futhi njengakho konke okwenziwa nguKristu, kunencazelo ejulile. Abaphostoli bachitha izinsuku ekamelweni eliphezulu.

UJesu wavela, ngaphambi nangemuva kovuko, futhi wazenza wabonakala ukuze abone futhi athinte ngemuva kokuvuka kwakhe.

Leli ikamelo lapho uMoya oNgcwele wehlela phezu kwabaphostoli abayishumi nanye ngePhentekoste.

Emva kokuba uJesu evukile kwabafileyo, waphefumulela abaphostoli uMoya oNgcwele (Johane 20:19).

Abaphostoli bathola izilimi zomlilo, futhi “bagcwaliswa bonke ngoMoya oNgcwele” (Izenzo 2: 4).

Lowo mcimbi uphawula usuku lokuzalwa kweSonto phambi kukaMama wethu Obusisiwe (Izenzo 1:14).

Kulapho-ke lapho abaphostoli baphuma ngesibindi beshumayela izindaba ezinhle.

Kubukwa ukuthi ukubhabhadiswa ngoMoya oNgcwele, okwenzeka ngoSuku lwePentekoste, kungumsebenzi wesibili kaMoya; lokhu kucabanga ukuthi abafundi behlulekile phambilini ukucela uMoya oNgcwele njengoba uJesu ebayalile. NgokukaLuka 11:13 (KJ kungashiwo ukuthi ukwamukelwa kwabo nguMoya kaNkulunkulu ngaleso sikhathi kwakungenxa yokungamfuni kwabo).

christ washing the disciples' feet
UKristu Ugeza Izinyawo Zabafundi

Ukubaluleka Kwegumbi Eliphezulu NgeSonto Lokuqala

Igumbi eliphezulu laliyisisekelo ekwakheni iSonto lokuqala. Ukusetshenziswa kwegumbi eliphezulu kusungulwa umkhuba weTestamente Elidala, kugcwele imfundiso yokuqala yamaKrestu, futhi kwasebenza njengesisekelo sokwanda kobuKristu bokuqala.

Noma kunempikiswano uma kunegumbi elilodwa noma amaningi aphezulu, okuhlala kucace ukuthi bekuyindawo lapho ubunye noNkulunkulu nabanye bungafinyelelwa khona.

Igumbi eliphezulu lalibaluleke kakhulu eSontweni lokuqala njengoba lalibonakala liyindawo yabasunguli beSonto ukuba bahlangane, ikakhulukazi phakathi neminyaka yakhe yokukhula.

Lokhu kubandakanya imicimbi eyakha umgogodla wobuKristu, njengeSidlo Sokugcina, lapho kwamiswa khona iSivumelwano Esisha, kanye noMthendeleko waqale wagujwa, kanye nePentekoste, lapho kwehla khona uMoya oNgcwele.

Igumbi eliphezulu liphinde laba yindawo yemihlangano nezimangaliso ezahlukahlukene, ezaqinisa futhi zakhuthaza ukholo lwamaKrestu okuqala, zakhombisa ukuba yindawo efanelekayo ukuhlangana ngobudlelwano nangomkhuleko, okuyizinto ezibalulekileUkholo lobuKristu.

Kusuka eTestamenteni Elidala, 'igumbi eliphezulu' bekuvame ukuba igumbi elakhiwe ophahleni lwezindlu futhi lisetshenziswe njengendawo yokuthandazela ukunxusa amandla kaNkulunkulu. Kwakudingeka kakhulu kulabo benkolo yamaJuda ukuthi ngisho nabampofu babegcina igumbi elinjalo lihlinzekelwe ukuze izivakashi zamukeleke.

Kunezibonelo eziningana eTestamenteni Elidala zegumbi eliphezulu elisetshenziswayo.

Isibonelo segumbi eliphezulu elisetshenziswa njengendawo yokukhuleka nokukhuleka senzeka endabeni kaDaniel, lapho abuyela khona ekamelweni lakhe eliphezulu ukuyothandaza, njengoba kwakungumkhuba wakhe, noma kukhishwa isinqumo sokubulala labo abakhonzayo noma ngubani ngaphandle kwenkosi.

ghirlandaio avondmaal grt
Isidlo Sokugcina

Lokhu kubonakala futhi encwadini kaTobit, lapho uSarah eya egumbini lakhe eliphezulu ekhala futhi enxusa iNkosi ngokudangala, nemithandazo yakhe iphendulwa lapho.

Izibonelo zokusetshenziswa kwegumbi eliphezulu ekufundiseni amandla kaNkulunkulu zingabonakala ezimangalisweni ezenziwa ngu-Eliya no-Elisha ekukhuliseni amadodana omfelokazi nawaseShunemi ngokulandelana.

Ngakho-ke, kusobala ukuthi igumbi eliphezulu lalijwayelekile kubantu bakwa-Israyeli nokuthi lalithathwa njengendawo yokubuyela emuva nokuthandaza kanye nendawo lapho amandla kaNkulunkulu aboniswa khona.

Izakhi ezibalulekile zemfundiso yobuKristu zithole izimpande zazo egumbini eliphezulu.

Esinye sezigameko ezibalulekile zeSonto lokuqala esenzeka egumbini eliphezulu kwabaIsidlo sokugcina noJesu nabafundi Bakhe, abangamalungu ezinsimbi zeBandla lokuqala, bebekhona.

Ithi emavangelini kaMark noLuka ukuthi kwakukhona igumbi elikhulu eliphezulu elanikezwa futhi lalungiselelwa iPhasika, iNkosi eyacela ukulisebenzisa.

Kulapha lapho iNkosi yageza khona izinyawo zomfundi, yabanikeza imodeli yokusebenza kobuKristu, okwakuzoba yisici esichazayo seSonto lokuqala, ukuqhubeka nemiphakathi efana naleyo eyasungulwa yiSt Basil.

Isakramente loMthendeleko

Another key aspect of early Christianity established in the upper room during the Last Supper was the Sacrament of the Eucharist, considered to be the pinnacle of Christian worship and the centre-thought of many early Christian writers.

USt Paul uchaza ukuhlobisa okufanele lapho edla uMthendeleko encwadini yakhe eya kwabaseKorinte, ekhombisa ukuthi iSonto lokuqala lalihlangana ukuhlanganyela kulo.

Ukubaluleka kwawo futhi kucacile ngokufakwa koMthendeleko, kanye namasiko okubhapathiza, kuDidache, incwadi echaza eminye yemikhuba yeSonto lokuqala, futhi ichazwa nguSt Justin Martyr encwadini yakhe ethi 'First Apology.'

USt Ignatius, ubaba ongumPhostoli, uqokomisa ukubaluleka koMthendeleko eSontweni lokuqala encwadini yakhe eya eSmirna ngokusho ukuthi umbhishobhi ugubha uMthendeleko, uzungezwe abathembekile.

Lapho ukugcwala kweSonto kukhona. Ngakho-ke, siyabona ukuthi igumbi eliphezulu laliyindawo yomcimbi owawuyisisekelo seBandla lokuqala.

the descent of the holy spirit
Ukwehla Komoya Ongcwele

Umsuka wePentekoste

Ngoba iPhentekoste usuku lapho abaPhostoli kanye neNtombi Ezibusisiwe uMariya bathola khona izipho zikaMoya oNgcwele, sithambekele ekucabangeni ngalo njengomkhosi wobuKrestu kuphela. Kodwa njengamadili amaningi obuKristu, kufaka phakathi iPhasika, iPentekoste lisuselwa enkambisweni yenkolo yamaJuda.

IPhentekoste lamaJuda lawa ngosuku lwama-50 ngemuva kwePhasika, futhi lagubha ukunikezwa komthetho kuMose eNtabeni iSinayi. Kwakunjalo futhi, njengoFr. UJohn Hardon uphawula kwi-Modern Catholic Dictionary yakhe, usuku lapho "izithelo zokuqala zomvuno zinikelwa eNkosini" nguUDuteronomi 16: 9.

Just as Easter is the Christian Passover, celebrating the release of humanity from the bondage of sin through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, the Christian Pentecost celebrates the fulfilment of the Mosaic law in a Christian life led through the grace of the Holy Spirit.

UJesu Uthumela Umoya Wakhe Ongcwele

Ngaphambi kokuba abuyele kuYise oseZulwini eKuphakameni, uJesu watshela abafundi bakhe ukuthi uzothumela uMoya wakhe oNgcwele njengomduduzi nomqondisi wabo, futhi wabayala ukuthi bangaphumi eJerusalema. Ngemuva kokuthi uKristu enyukele ezulwini, abafundi babuyela ekamelweni eliphezulu futhi bachitha izinsuku eziyishumi bekhuleka.

Ngosuku lweshumi: “Kungazelelwe, kwavela ezulwini umsindo onjengomoya onamandla oshukumisayo, wagcwalisa indlu yonke ababekuyo. Khona-ke kwabonakala kubo izilimi ezinjengomlilo, ezahlukana zahlala phezu kwalowo nalowo kubo. Futhi bonke bagcwaliswa ngoMoya oNgcwele futhi baqala ukukhuluma ngezilimi ezahlukene, njengoba uMoya wabenza bakwazi ukumemezela ”.

Begcwele uMoya oNgcwele, baqala ukushumayela iVangeli likaKristu kumaJuda “avela kuzo zonke izizwe eziphansi kwezulu” ababehlangene eJerusalema emkhosini wamaJuda wePentekoste.

Isiphetho Ukuhlangana Okungokomoya KwabaPhostoli Egumbini Eliphezulu

The spiritual encounter of the apostles in the upper room, in the Christian tradition, the room was not only the site of the Last Supper (i.e., the Cenacle) but the room in which the Holy Spirit descended upon the eleven apostles after Pentecost.

Ngezinye izikhathi kucatshangwa ukuthi yindawo lapho abaphostoli bahlala khona eJerusalema.

Ngamafuphi, "Igumbi eliphezulu" limele indawo yokuthandaza. Isikhathi sokuthula esiyimfihlo nendawo oyilungiselelayo oyibekela eceleni yokuhlala kweNkosi noMphathi wakho.

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